There are about 110 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Zimbabwe. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Primary Objective The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of an interactive VMMC education session offered by a circumcised health worker and contribution to transport costs for accessing VMMC along with either (1) conditional economic compensation for wages or (2) lottery-based economic incentives on the uptake of VMMC. Hypothesis VMMC education session offered by a role model - a young male health worker who has been previously benefited from VMMC services in this community - addressing risks of HIV infection, benefits of VMMC, and the fear of pain associated with VMMC, with/without a conditional fixed or lottery-based financial incentives off-setting present-biased preferences, will improve risk perception and increase uptake of VMMC in HIV-negative young men. Study outcomes The primary outcomes for the study will be risk perception measured in a follow-up survey at 6 months and proportion of men taking up VMMC within 6 months measured through self-reports and matched to program records.
Primary Objective: The purpose of this trial is to evaluate the impact of an interactive tablet based counselling session correcting risk perception and addressing ambiguity around availability, usability and effectiveness of PrEP on PrEP uptake within 6 months in adolescent girls and young women (AGYW) aged 18-24 years. Hypothesis: Correcting misperceptions of risks of HIV infection and off-setting ambiguity effects about the availability, usability and efficacy of PrEP, through localized, interactive, tablet-based counselling, will increase uptake of PrEP in HIV-negative AGYW. Study outcomes: The primary outcomes for the study will be risk perception measured in a follow-up survey at 6 months and proportion of women taking up PrEP within 6 months measured with biomarkers of plasma antiretroviral (ARV) drug presence.
We will conduct a field experiment in peri-urban and rural communities near Harare, Zimbabwe, to estimate the likelihood that individuals will purchase HIV self-tests under various pricing and distribution strategies. About 4,000 adults will be randomly selected, administered a short questionnaire, and given vouchers that will offer them HIV self-tests at randomly allocated prices and distribution sites. We will also test whether the provision of HIV self-tests can be targeted more cost-effectively to reach high-risk persons and non- recent testers. Last, we will explore whether demand for repeated HIV self-testing is contingent on the price offered initially.
Background Postpartum haemorrhage (PPH) is a major cause of maternal mortality worldwide accounting for 25% of maternal deaths. In Zimbabwe PPH is the second most common cause of death. Tranexamic acid (TXA) is widely used to reduce blood loss in elective surgery, bleeding trauma patients, and menorrhagia. The investigators seek to determine the efficacy of TXA in reducing PPH during and after elective caesarean section. Methods and Design The investigators intend to perform an open label randomized control study of 1,162 women who are undergoing elective caesarean section. The participants will be randomly selected to receive an intravenous infusion of TXA 10 minutes prior to skin incision or not to receive the intervention. Prophylactic oxytocin will be administered to all the women. The primary outcome will be incidence of PPH defined by blood loss equal to or more than 1,000ml calculated by determining the difference in haematocrit values taken prior to and 48 hours after caesarean section. Discussion In addition to prophylactic uterotonic administration, TXA is a complementary component acting on the haemostatic process that can be used in the third stage of labour to prevent PPH. It is a promising intervention that is cheap, easy to administer and would be easy to add to routine delivery protocols in hospitals. It would also help to conserve precious resources by reducing the need for blood products, and expensive surgical interventions to manage PPH. This large adequately powered randomized study seeks to determine the efficacy of TXA to validate its routine use at caesarean section to prevent PPH.
Investigators propose to assess the sensitivity, specificity, positive and negative predictive value of an HIV Risk Screening Tool in identifying the risk of being HIV-infected among Orphans and Vulnerable Children (OVC) aged 2-18 years in a community setting.
This randomized phase III trial studies how well human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine therapy works in reducing high-grade cervical lesions in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and HPV. Vaccines made from HPV peptides or antigens may help the body build an effective immune response to kill the HPV virus and prevent cervical lesions from developing or coming back after being removed.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and immune response to an HIV clade C vaccine and to an MF59- or alum-adjuvanted clade C Env protein in healthy, HIV-uninfected adults.
This study is evaluating whether screening of a pregnant woman for asymptomatic bacteriuria in each trimester for early detection and treatment of bacteriuria will reduce the incidence of preterm birth in Harare.
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of two strategies for multi-month dispensing (MMD) of ART in Community ART Refill Groups (CARGs) on retention, virologic suppression, and cost compared to standard of care. This study is a three-arm cluster-randomized controlled trial conducted among 5,760 stable HIV-positive patients) in Zimbabwe to compare outcomes of three antiretroviral therapy (ART) dispensing models. Outcomes of retention in care, virologic suppression, and cost effectiveness will be investigated in 30 purposively selected clusters (facilities) which are randomized into three arms; standard of care (3 months dispensing at facilities), three-month dispensing in CARGs, and six-month dispensing in CARGs. Each study arm will have 10 clusters stratified into 2 urban and 8 rural. Study participants will be followed, and outcomes will be measured at 12 months and 24 months. Qualitative research will be conducted at baseline, 12 months, and 24 months (20 participant Focus Group Discussion (FGDs) and 20 provider Key Informant Interview (KII) at each interval) to understand patient and health provider acceptability of multi-month dispensing of ART within CARGs. Other outcomes of interest include measuring gains of facility decongestion and feasibility of multi-month dispensing of ART within CARGs. Cost analysis will include comparisons of patient level costs, cost per patient outcomes and cost effectiveness across the three study arms.
To examine the impact of health determinants at the individual (e.g. health related behaviors) and societal level (e.g. environmental factors, health related policy, quality of health systems) on health outcomes (e.g. death, non-communicable disease development) across a range of socioeconomic and health resource settings. Additional components of this study will examine genetic factors for non-communicable diseases. This will be examined both through a cross sectional component, and prospectively (cohort component).