There are about 2578 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in South Africa. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This clinical trial seeks to determine if male-centered recruitment increases men's testing for HIV and whether or not individualized introduction to clinics increases male engagement in treatment for HIV. The study is being conducted in rural KwaZulu Natal.
Infection with HIV-1 continues to be a serious health threat throughout the world. Chronic exposure to combination anti-retroviral therapy identified anti-retroviral associated long-term toxicities. Hence, there is a need to prevent these co-morbidities. GSK3640254 is a next-generation HIV-1 Maturation Inhibitor (MI) which may be effective for HIV-1 infection. This study will evaluate the antiviral effect, safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics/ pharmacodynamics of GSK3640254 in HIV-1 infected treatment-naive adults. This study will consists of two parts; Part 1 and Part 2. Part 1 will evaluate two active doses of GSK3640254, 200 milligrams (mg) (Cohort 1) and 10 mg (Cohort 2) along with placebo to match GSK3640254 Mesylate salt. Part 2 will evaluate three active doses of GSK3640254. Dose level 1 of GSK3640254 that can provide at least 30 percent of the maximum effect (Cohort 1), dose level 2 of GSK3640254 that can provide at least 75 percent of the maximum effect (Cohort 2) and dose level 3 of GSK3640254 that can provide at least 90 percent of the maximum effect (Cohort 3). These doses are anticipated to be 5 mg, 40 mg and 100 mg respectively, but could be modified based on data obtained in Part 1. Subjects will also receive placebo to match GSK3640254 Mesylate salt in Part 2 of the study. All doses will be administered after a moderate fat meal. This study will consist of Screening period (up to 14 days), Treatment period (Day 1- Day 10), post-dose Follow-up (Day 11- Day 17) and final Follow-up (Day 18-24). A total of approximately 34 subjects will be enrolled, of which, 14 subjects will be randomized in Part 1 and 20 in Part 2 of the study. Six subjects will be enrolled in each of the active dose cohorts and 2 subjects will be enrolled in each of the placebo cohorts.
This Phase 1/2, randomized, placebo-controlled, observer-blinded study will evaluate the safety, tolerability and immunogenicity of the investigational multivalent group B streptococcus vaccine administered at one dose level (various formulations) in healthy nonpregnant women (various formulations at one dose level), and then in healthy pregnant women (various formulations at three dose levels), and finally in healthy pregnant women at a selected dose level/formulation.
This study aims to establish the causal impact of two interventions - micro-incentives and a male-sensitive HIV- specific decision support app - on population-level HIV viral load and HIV-related mortality in men, as well as on population-based HIV incidence in young women.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effectiveness of niraparib in combination with abiraterone acetate and prednisone (AA-P) compared to AA-P plus placebo.
This study will collect data on bleeds and data related to quality of life in people with severe congenital (a disease existing from birth) haemophilia A and B, with or without inhibitors. The aim for the study is to look at the number of bleeds when on usual treatment for haemophilia. Participants will be asked to keep an electronic diary to track the number of bleeds and the treatment of their bleeds. Participants will be asked to wear an activity tracker on their wrist to capture their level of activity every day for up to 12 weeks. While taking part in this study, participants will keep getting their usual treatment as given to them by their doctor. All study visits at the clinic are done in the same way as the participants are used to. In the time between the participants' visits to the clinic, the study staff at the clinic may call or email the participant. The study will last for about 1½ years.
Tuberculosis (TB) has overtaken HIV as the leading infectious cause of death worldwide and requires a major policy shift for it to be controlled in line with the WHO Stop-TB goal to "end TB". However, how to control TB at population level in the context of HIV, is unknown. Some of the best evidence to date comes from the Southern African ZAMSTAR trial, where a household-level TB /HIV intervention including TB symptom screening, HIV counselling and testing with linkage to care and isoniazid preventive therapy (IPT) as indicated, was offered to all household members of TB patients. Despite only reaching ~6% of households in the intervention communities, the data showed a nearly 20% reduction in TB disease prevalence and 50% reduction in TB infection incidence at the population-level. Increasing the scope of the intervention to all households and thus all community members, may therefore significantly change the burden of TB and "end TB". The proposed TREATS project builds on the experience of ZAMSTAR and is nested within the ongoing HPTN 071 (PopART) trial (NCT01900977), the largest ever trial of a combination HIV/TB prevention intervention being conducted in Zambia and South Africa. The project consists of 4 linked studies that will provide definitive cluster-randomised evidence of the effect of a household-level combined HIV and TB prevention intervention on the burden of TB at population level. The project will produce two major outputs of global importance to public health policy. The first will provide definitive evidence of the effectiveness of scaled up combination TB/HIV prevention interventions on TB. The second output will improve understanding of the best ways to measure the impact of public health interventions on TB burden. This is a unique opportunity to assess the impact of combination HIV prevention, including universal HIV testing and treatment, combined with population screening for active TB on the burden of TB. The HPTN071(PopART) trial,a cluster randomised trial in 21 communities in Zambia and South Africa with a population size of approximately 1 million individuals, is unlikely ever to be repeated. The recently adopted WHO guidelines of a "universal treatment" strategy for HIV, will prompt policy-makers to seek strategies of case-finding for HIV offering an opportunity to conduct TB screening on a large scale. The results from the TREATS project will therefore provide unique and timely information of the additional costs and benefits of combined TB and HIV prevention strategies at population level. TREATS will also assess novel methods to measure the effect of interventions on burden of TB in the trial communities. The latest interferon gamma release assay QuantiFERON® Gold Plus will be assessed for measuring impact of TB interventions on incidence of infection. A combination of Xpert® MTB/RIF and computer aided digital X-ray (CAD4TB) will be assessed for measuring prevalence of active TB. These new methods will provide important information about the best way of measuring TB incidence and prevalence rates and allow triangulation of the different methods to inform global estimates of TB burden in the post MDG era. The TREATS consortium will stimulate synergy between leading African research groups (Zambart, HST); new European technology (Delft Diagnostic Imaging, Qiagen); international TB bodies (The Union) and European research centres (LSHTM, Imperial College, Sheffield University and KNCV), as well as with the US funders of the HPTN071/PopART trial.
This study will serve as a platform to evaluate new diagnostics in children suspected to have TB, to establish diagnostic performance (sensitivity and specificity) and calculation of positive and negative predictive values in a real-life cohort. Finally, this study will comprise results of several tests in its database. This will allow simulation of diagnostic algorithms, that may be composed of screening (i.e. rule-out) tests together with confirmatory tests to maximize sensitivity and specificity.
The aim of this project is to determine the epidemiology of congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection and incidence of subsequent permanent neurological sequelae in a high HIV prevalent setting in Soweto, Johannesburg. A cross-sectional study will be conducted on mother-infant pairs, screening mothers for CMV infection and newborns for congenital CMV infection. Maternal CMV prevalence will be determined by testing for CMV specific antibodies in blood. Newborn congenital infection will be determined by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) tests on newborn saliva and urine within 3 weeks of birth. Various risk factors associated with congenital CMV such as HIV exposure, and gestational age will be assessed. The association between maternal vaginal CMV shedding postnatally with congenital CMV infection will be explored by swabbing maternal vaginal fluid and conducting quantitative CMV PCR analysis. Newborns confirmed with congenital CMV and a control group of uninfected newborns will form a cohort to be followed up until 12 months of age monitoring for various neurological sequelae such as hearing loss, neurodevelopmental impairment, ocular damage, cerebral damage and seizures. A comparison of vaccine immune responses between cases of congenital CMV and the CMV uninfected infants to the primary series of vaccines in the National Expanded Programme on Immunisation will be compared. The contribution of CMV infection to neonatal death and stillbirths will be described by minimally invasive tissue sampling (MITS) for CMV on babies that die during the neonatal period and stillbirths.
Prospective, multinational, multicentre, observational cohort study of neonatal sepsis in partner institutions. The cohort study will be designed to evaluate health care utilization and current clinical practice and to assess risk factors for and outcomes of babies with neonatal sepsis (culture-negative and culture-positive).