There are about 2394 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in South Africa. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
In its 2017 revision of the global guidelines for HIV care and treatment, the World Health Organization called for rapid or same-day initiation of antiretroviral treatment (ART) for eligible patients testing positive for HIV. In sub-Saharan Africa, where most HIV patients are located, studies continue to document high losses of treatment-eligible patients from care before they receive their first dose of antiretroviral medications (ARVs). Among facility-level reasons for these losses are treatment initiation protocols that require multiple clinic visits and long waiting times before a patient who tests positive for HIV is dispensed an initial supply of medications. Simpler, more efficient, accelerated algorithms for ART initiation are needed, including strategies for rapid initiation in patients with symptoms of tuberculosis, most of whom do not have active TB. In July 2017, the original SLATE study (SLATE I) completed enrollment in South Africa. One of the most striking findings of the study so far is the large proportion of patients who "screened out" of the SLATE algorithm and were referred for additional services rather than started on ART immediately. Among 298 patients assigned to the intervention arm and evaluated for immediate treatment eligibility under the SLATE algorithm, 149 (50%) screened out, two thirds of these (100/149) due to symptoms of TB. The vast majority of the TB suspects (93/100, 93%) tested negative for active TB. The SLATE II study will revise the original SLATE algorithm to provide a pathway for immediate ART initiation for some patients with TB symptoms. Under SLATE II, patients with TB symptoms will be clinically evaluated by the study nurse and will receive a urine point of care LAM (lipoarabinomannan antigen of mycobacteria) test. Those with milder symptoms and a negative LAM test will be offered immediate ART. Those with more serious symptoms and/or a positive LAM test will be asked to return the next day to receive TB test results and either immediate ART or TB treatment. All intervention arm patients (symptomatic and asymptomatic) will be asked for a sputum sample for Xpert testing, and positives will be contacted on the next day. The SLATE II algorithm will also incorporate other improvements identified from SLATE I.
The purpose of this study is to determine the efficacy of pembrolizumab given in combination with either ipilimumab or placebo as first-line treatment in participants with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The primary hypothesis of this study is that overall survival (OS) and/or progression-free survival (PFS) is prolonged in participants who receive pembrolizumab and ipilimumab compared to those who receive pembrolizumab and placebo.
This is a multicenter, multinational, double-blind, 1:1 randomized, parallel-group, equivalence Phase 3 study to compare the efficacy and safety of MB02 plus chemotherapy (carboplatin and paclitaxel) versus Avastin® plus chemotherapy (carboplatin and paclitaxel) in subjects with Stage IIIB/IV non-squamous NSCLC
The African-PREDICT study aims to (i) generate new knowledge on the early pathophysiology accompanying hypertension development in black South Africans; and (ii) to identify early novel markers or predictors for the development of hypertension and cardiovascular outcome. By employing also in Africa the latest cutting-edge scientific technologies to measure single and multiple biomarkers proven to predict hypertension and cardiovascular outcome (such as multiplex analyses, proteomics and metabolomics), precision medicine may have the potential to lead to novel strategies in preventing and treating hypertension in Africa.
This randomized phase III trial studies how well human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine therapy works in reducing high-grade cervical lesions in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and HPV. Vaccines made from HPV peptides or antigens may help the body build an effective immune response to kill the HPV virus and prevent cervical lesions from developing or coming back after being removed.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and immune response to an HIV clade C vaccine and to an MF59- or alum-adjuvanted clade C Env protein in healthy, HIV-uninfected adults.
This study is to compare the study drug BAY1213790 to existing therapies, ie Enoxaparin or Apixaban for the prevention of blood clotting and safety in patients undergoing total knee arthroplasty (TKA). The study is open-label, but observer-blind for the different doses of BAY1213790 administered. This means that it is known which treatment is given, but it is not known which dose of BAY1213790 is administered.
The investigators propose to improve HIV prevention and care through expanding HIV testing options to include self-testing for young women, their peers and their sex partners, and by facilitating linkage to care.
This clinical trial will evaluate safety, immunogenicity, and efficacy (prevention of Mtb infection as measured by IGRA conversions) of H56:IC31 in remotely BCG vaccinated adolescents.
This observational study will examine the safety and efficacy of bedaquiline and delamanid used (individually, not together) in routine, multidrug regimens for treatment of MDR-TB. The information gathered in this study will inform doctors how best to use these TB drugs in the future.