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NCT ID: NCT03044899 Completed - Surgery Clinical Trials

African Surgical Outcomes Study (ASOS)

ASOS
Start date: February 1, 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

STUDY OBJECTIVE To confirm the incidence of in-hospital postoperative complications in adult surgical patients in Africa. STUDY DESIGN Seven day, African national multi-centre prospective observational cohort study of adult (≥18 years) patients undergoing surgery. Patients will be followed up for a maximum of 30 days. We will follow the original International Surgical Outcomes Study (ISOS) study design. The primary outcome is in-hospital postoperative complications in adult surgical patients in Africa. Secondary outcomes include in-hospital mortality and the relationship between postoperative complications and postoperative mortality. The intention is to present a representative sample of surgical outcomes across all African countries. This study will run between February and March 2016.

NCT ID: NCT02983487 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Bordetella Pertussis, Whooping Cough

Pertussis Immunization Programs in Low Income Countries

PERILIC
Start date: January 22, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

Due to waning of infectious as well as vaccine immunity and lack of vaccination boosters, a large number of adolescents and adults are no longer immunized against Bordetella pertussis, the agent of whooping cough and consequently may contract whooping cough. Furthermore, these populations represent a reservoir of the infectious agent from which the dissemination to non-immune infants is possible, causing severe illness, or even death, in this age group. Few studies have been carried out on whooping cough in developing countries (incidence, contaminator's age, etc.) and, specifically, none have assessed the duration of protection induced by the whole cell pertussis (wP) vaccine mainly presently used in these countries. However, data on the duration of vaccine induced protection are essential to determine i) the usefulness of vaccine boosters and ii) the target age group for these boosters. The aims of the present study are: - To evaluate the proportion of confirmed pertussis cases in infants presenting whooping cough syndrome (WP1a) - To evaluate the proportion of confirmed pertussis cases or healthy carriers among contact cases - To determine origin of the infant's contamination (WP1b) - To determine the duration of protection induced by the wP vaccines used in contact cases and the child population aged 3 to 15 yo (WP1b and WP2) - To bring new scientific evidences documenting the potential need for initiating boosters (WP1b and WP2) - To allow a comparison of the results with those obtained using the same methodology for the acellular pertussis vaccine and/or in other contexts. Potential implications for the use of pertussis vaccines in low and moderate income countries. - To increase local capabilities by the transfer of materials and expertise that will make the diagnosis of pertussis possible in the centres of reference and strengthen a pertussis monitoring network in the implicated countries. - To improve children's health through a better match of the vaccination schedule according to the reality of the situation.

NCT ID: NCT02626286 Recruiting - HIV Infection Clinical Trials

Feasibility and Interest of a HIV Quarterly Preventive Global Care in Men Who Have Sex With Men in Sub-Saharan Africa

CohMSM
Start date: June 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The objective of the study is to evaluate the feasibility and interest of a HIV quarterly preventive global care for men who have sex with men (MSM) in sub-Saharan Africa to help reducing HIV incidence in this key population, their female partners, and the general population. This interventional, open label, multicenter, multidisciplinary cohort study will be conducted in Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali and Togo. All participants will receive a HIV quarterly preventive global care including: i) data collection on health status, symptoms of sexually transmitted infections (STI) and sexual behavior, ii) a clinical examination, iii) STI diagnosis and treatment, iv) counselling adapted for MSM, and v) the provision of condoms and lubricants.

NCT ID: NCT02150993 Active, not recruiting - HIV-2 Infection Clinical Trials

First-Line Treatment for HIV-2

FIT-2
Start date: January 26, 2016
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

FIT-2 is a multi-country, phase IIb, randomized, non-comparative study, carried out in West Africa (Côte d'Ivoire, Burkina Faso, Senegal, Togo). ARV-naïve HIV-2 infected adult patients will be recruited and followed during 96 weeks. The objective is to evaluate the efficacy and safety of 3 first-line treatments in HIV-2 infected adult patients, in West Africa. A treatment will be considered as effective if more than 55% of patients in that arm attain "global success" at 96 weeks.

NCT ID: NCT01747369 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Pneumonia, Bacterial

Surveillance of Hospitalised Pneumonia and Bacterial Meningitis in Tône District, Togo, 2010-2013

Start date: April 2010
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

The aim of this study is to estimate the burden of disease due to pneumococci, other bacteria and viruses in the African meningitis belt prior to pneumococcal conjugate vaccine introduction and to estimate the population impact of the vaccine after its implementation in 2014. In a defined population of a sanitary district in northern Togo, during the period 2010 to 2017, investigators enroll patients of all ages with suspected pneumonia requiring hospitalization or suspected bacterial meningitis. Patients are evaluated by bacteriology and molecular biology techniques on blood, cerebro-spinal fluid, nasal aspirates and by chest X-ray.

NCT ID: NCT01619878 Completed - Clinical trials for Acute Uncomplicated Falciparum Malaria

Efficacy, Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Artemether-lumefantrine Dispersible Tablet in the Treatment of Malaria in Infants < 5 kg

Start date: October 2012
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of the study is to obtain efficacy, safety and pharmacokinetic (PK) data following treatment with artemether-lumefantrine dispersible tablet in infants < 5 kg of body weight (BW) with uncomplicated falciparum malaria.

NCT ID: NCT00313131 Completed - Bacterial Vaginosis Clinical Trials

Study of the Management of Vaginal Discharge in West African Using Single Dose Treatments

Start date: January 2004
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This randomised controlled trial aimed to verify whether directly observed single dose treatment (with tinidazole+fluconazole) would be as effective as the longer standard treatments (metronidazole for 7 days, plus vaginal clotrimazole for 3 days) in the syndromic management of women presenting with vaginal discharge in primary health care centers of Ghana, Togo, Guinea and Mali. It was designed as an effectiveness trial, i.e. it was done under conditions typical of routine work in these health centers