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NCT ID: NCT03352986 Recruiting - Sickle Cell Disease Clinical Trials

Substudy of CADRE: for People With Extreme Phenotype: BIOCADRE

Start date: May 15, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

BIOCADRE is a CADRE substudy and aims to characterize more precisely the sickle cell patients with extreme phenotype.

NCT ID: NCT03303963 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant

DIAgnostics for Multidrug Resistant Tuberculosis in Africa

Start date: May 4, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

Recent advances in molecular diagnostics of tuberculosis, especially the GeneXpert Mycobacterium tuberculosis/Rifampicin test have reduced the time to diagnose Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis (RR-TB) but only rifampicin resistance is diagnosed, leading to presumptive diagnosis of resistance to isoniazid and maybe other drugs. Thus in low and middle income countries, most drug sensitivity testing relies on phenotypic drug resistance testing, which takes up to 4 months. In addition, currently, culture on monthly sputum samples is recommended by the World Health Organization for follow-up of Rifampicin Resistant Tuberculosis patients under treatment. Unfortunately, culture is often not locally available and samples need to be transported from field to culture laboratories. The associated transport delays lead to high rates of contamination and false negative culture, particularly in laboratories in low resource settings. Many gaps for the diagnosis and management of RR-TB patients still need to be addressed and the DIAMA project (DIAgnostics for Multidrug resistant tuberculosis in Africa) study aims to address some of them.

NCT ID: NCT03297190 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Nutritional Deficiency

Impact on Nutritional Practices: SMS and Interpersonal Communication

Start date: January 15, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This cluster randomized controlled study aims to add to the evidence base on mHealth interventions by assessing the main effects of delivering nutrition messages on key maternal, infant, and young child nutrition (MIYCN) behaviors and outcomes through three innovative behavior change strategies. The strategies compared will be: (i) an interpersonal communication strategy using the Tanzanian government's Mkoba wa Siku 1000 maternal, infant and young child nutrition (MIYCN) curriculum (MwS) through clinic- and community-based channels, (ii) the mNutrition SMS text messaging module of the government's Wazazi Nipendeni program, and (iii) the combination of both of these strategies (interpersonal and SMS messaging). They will be compared with the current standard of care in Tanzania. The goal will be to determine which has the greatest impact on key MIYCN and hygiene practices and care-seeking behaviors. It will be paired with a costing analysis so that these effects can be understood in the context of their costs.

NCT ID: NCT03231449 Active, not recruiting - Stroke Clinical Trials

A Survey of Hospitalizations in Cardiology Units in Sub-Saharan Africa

Start date: February 1, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

FEVRIER study is an observatory of hospitalizations in cardiology units in sub-Saharan Africa.

NCT ID: NCT03215732 Recruiting - Chronic Hepatitis b Clinical Trials

Cross Sectional Survey on the Burden and Impacts of Chronic Hepatitis B in the Rural Area of Niakhar, Senegal

Start date: October 19, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

This study aims at estimating the prevalence of chronic hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection in rural Senegal (area of Niakhar) and at evaluating the associated burden in terms of both health-related and socio-economic consequences.

NCT ID: NCT03207308 Recruiting - Infection Clinical Trials

Vitamin A Total Body Stores of Senegalese Children in Relation to Their Infectious Status

Start date: February 3, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Despite economic growth in developing countries, Sub-Saharan Africa still faces food insecurity malnutrition and infections. Micronutrient deficiency and infectious diseases still remain a public health problem and have a negative impact on health and the economy. They are both directly and indirectly responsible for children morbidity and mortality. Due to high level of children mortality (139‰) Vitamin A Supplementation (VAS) program was implemented in Senegal since 1999. A national representative study undertook in 2010 to have biological data on vitamin status and infections, showed that 24.4% of children aged 1-5 y were Vitamin A Deficiency (VAD) and 50.2% were infected. To address VAD issue, large scale oil fortification was launched by government and private industries also fortified bouillon cubes. Furthermore, home fortification is being initiated without evaluation of VAD control strategies existing in the country. In order to assess the impact of national VAD control strategies in Senegalese children, this study was designed to measure in subsample of rural children aged 3-5 y, the current vitamin A total body stores in relation to their infectious status.

NCT ID: NCT03187366 Recruiting - Schistosomiasis Clinical Trials

Schistosomiasis in Senegal

Start date: February 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Schistosomiasis is a flatworm transmitted from freshwater snails to humans in the tropics. In addition to this infectious disease, tropical developing countries are faced with malnutrition. We propose to alter pesticide and compost use to reduce schistosomiasis and maintain or even improve crop production.

NCT ID: NCT03114137 Recruiting - Sickle Cell Disease Clinical Trials

Heart Arteries and Sickle Cell Disease / Coeur Artères DREpanocytose

Start date: March 2012
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

The CADRE study is a multinational observational cohort of patients with sickle-cell disease (SCD) in five west and central sub-Saharan African countries. The aim of this project is to describe the incidence and assess the predictive factors of SCD-related micro- and macro-vascular complications in sub-Saharan Africa.

NCT ID: NCT03044899 Completed - Surgery Clinical Trials

African Surgical Outcomes Study (ASOS)

Start date: February 1, 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

STUDY OBJECTIVE To confirm the incidence of in-hospital postoperative complications in adult surgical patients in Africa. STUDY DESIGN Seven day, African national multi-centre prospective observational cohort study of adult (≥18 years) patients undergoing surgery. Patients will be followed up for a maximum of 30 days. We will follow the original International Surgical Outcomes Study (ISOS) study design. The primary outcome is in-hospital postoperative complications in adult surgical patients in Africa. Secondary outcomes include in-hospital mortality and the relationship between postoperative complications and postoperative mortality. The intention is to present a representative sample of surgical outcomes across all African countries. This study will run between February and March 2016.

NCT ID: NCT03041766 Active, not recruiting - Schistosomiasis Clinical Trials

Study of Safety and Immune Response of the Sm14 Vaccine in Adults of Endemic Regions

Start date: December 6, 2016
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

The clinical trial phase 2a is designed to assess the safety of the active ingredient (protein + adjuvant) and secondarily its immunogenicity in healthy male adults from 18 to 49 years of age with a history of infection with intestinal and urinary schistosomiasis, living in the Valley of the Senegal River, a highly endemic area for schistosomiasis. Two arms in the study will test different doses of GLA-SE adjuvant (2.5 and 5 μg). This phase IIA in adults is considered to be a preliminary step in safety before starting trials in children in endemic areas to S. mansoni or S. haematobium, target population of the vaccine.