Clinical Trials Logo

Filter by:
NCT ID: NCT03146897 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Moderate Acute Malnutrition

Comparison of Four Different Supplementary Foods in the Treatment of Moderate Acute Malnutrition

Start date: April 11, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The research seeks to determine the relative effectiveness and cost effectiveness of alternative supplementary foods in the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in normal program settings. The results of this study will guide decisions about what commodities to use in supplementary feeding programs in particular contexts and populations, and what factors need to be addressed to ensure maximum effectiveness in the treatment of moderate malnutrition. Tufts University, Washington University in St. Louis, School of Medicine, Sierra Leone Ministry of Health and Sanitation (MoSH), Project Peanut Butter, Caritas Bo, World Food Programme (WFP), and the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) are collaborating to conduct an assessment of the effectiveness, cost, and cost-effectiveness of food aid commodities in treating moderate acute malnutrition (MAM) in young children. The study comparison is based on a targeted food delivery to children 6-59 months who are screened for MAM. Study participants will receive one of four approximately isoenergetic test foods: 1. Super Cereal Plus (SC+) with amylase 2. Corn-soy Blend Plus (CSB+) and oil 3. Corn-soy Whey Blend (CSWB) and oil (CSWB is a new product which is a modified version of CSB) 4. Ready-to-use Supplementary Food (RUSF, lipid-based)

NCT ID: NCT03079388 Recruiting - Pregnancy Clinical Trials

Nutritional and Anti-infective Interventions for Malnutrition in Pregnancy (Beleuman Welbodi)

Start date: February 27, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Acute malnutrition in pregnancy is a risk factor for adverse outcomes in mothers and their unborn children. Undernutrition during pregnancy can result in maternal complications such as life-threatening hemorrhage and hypertensive disorders of pregnancy and infant complications such as intrauterine growth retardation, low birth weight, pre-term delivery and poor cognitive development. Poor women in the developing world are at heightened risk of malnutrition due to inadequate dietary intake and are subject to transmission of a number of infections including malaria, intestinal helminths, and genitourinary infections. Food interventions for malnutrition may be less effective under conditions with excessive inflammation and infection, and especially so during pregnancy. Without specifically addressing treatment for infections, undernourished mothers may be less responsive to nutritional interventions. The benefits of treating both malnutrition and common infections simultaneously remain largely unstudied. This study tests the hypothesis that malnourished pregnant women receiving 100 grams per day of a specially formulated ready-to-use supplementary food in addition to a combination of 5 anti-infective interventions will have greater weight gain in pregnancy and deliver larger, longer infants than women receiving the standard of care. The outcome of the pregnancy and maternal nutritional status will be followed until 6 months after delivery.

NCT ID: NCT02967003 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola

Long-term Safety Follow-up of Participants Exposed to the Candidate Ebola Vaccines Ad26.ZEBOV and/or MVA-BN-Filo

Start date: May 2016
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of the study is to assess the long-term safety profile of Ad26.ZEBOV and MVA-BN-Filo in participants previously exposed to these vaccines in Phase 1, 2, or 3 clinical studies.

NCT ID: NCT02661464 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola

Long-term Safety Follow-up of Participants Exposed to the Candidate Ebola Vaccines Ad26.ZEBOV and/or MVA-BN-Filo

Start date: May 31, 2016
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of the study is to assess the long-term safety profile of Ad26.ZEBOV and MVA-BN-Filo in participants previously exposed to these vaccines in Phase 1, 2, or 3 clinical studies.

NCT ID: NCT02575456 Completed - Ebola Disease Clinical Trials

A Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Recombinant Human Type5 Adenovirus Vector Based Ebola Virus Disease Vaccine

Start date: October 2015
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

A Single-Center, Randomized, Blind, Phase II Clinical Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of the Adenovirus Type 5 Vector Based Ebola Virus Disease Vaccine (Ad5-EBOV) in Healthy Adults Aged Between 18 and 50 years in Sierra Leone.

NCT ID: NCT02561949 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Violence, Non-accidental

Adapting Mental Health Interventions for War-Affected Youth Through Employment Programs

Start date: September 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The research will first examine data obtained from YRI participants to investigate effects of the group sessions on psychosocial functioning outcomes in youth aged 15 - 24. The research also intends to examine whether youth participating in YRI and complementary income generating activities will fare better than an employment only control group. Finally, the research intends to examine whether utilizing lay health workers are a is cost-effective and scalable method for addressing mental health concerns. The research will investigate the following hypotheses: 1. Participants who are exposed to YRI will demonstrate greater reduction in mental health and behavioral problems than participants who are waitlisted for YRI over the same period; emotion regulation will operate as a major mechanism of YRI improvements; high comorbidity will be a treatment modifier; 2. Improvements in mental health and functioning due to YRI will lead to (mediate) greater employment outcomes and superior economic self-sufficiency over time; and 3. Homelessness, orphanhood, young parenthood, and high problems in emotion regulation co-morbid with other mental health conditions will be major moderators lessening the effectiveness of YRI. 4. Lay and trained practitioners at agencies participating in the combined mental health-employment program will demonstrate high fidelity to evidence-based treatment components and that good satisfaction, social support, and professional exchange of evidence-based practices will emerge.

NCT ID: NCT02509494 Recruiting - Healthy Clinical Trials

Staged Phase 3 Study to Assess the Safety and Immunogenicity of Ebola Candidate Vaccines Ad26.ZEBOV and MVA-BN-Filo During Implementation of Stages 1 and 2

EBOVAC-Salone
Start date: September 30, 2015
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of this study is the evaluation of the safety and immunogenicity of two candidate Ebola vaccines Ad26.ZEBOV and MVA-BN-Filo, in a heterologous prime-boost regimen.

NCT ID: NCT02378753 Completed - Clinical trials for Hemorrhagic Fever, Ebola

STRIVE (Sierra Leone Trial to Introduce a Vaccine Against Ebola)

STRIVE
Start date: April 2015
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The 2014 outbreak of Ebola in West Africa is the largest in recorded history with widespread and intense transmission in Guinea, Liberia, and Sierra Leone. The high infectivity of blood and secretions, lack of appropriate personal protective equipment (PPE) and challenges in following infection control and prevention protocols put healthcare workers at high risk during outbreaks, and direct contact with the bodies of deceased Ebola victims can also sustain community transmission. This study will accelerate introduction and use of monovalent recombinant vesicular stomatitis virus Ebola vaccine (rVSVΔG-ZEBOV) among healthcare workers and frontline personnel involved in the Ebola outbreak response in Sierra Leone, while concurrently evaluating the safety and efficacy of the vaccine. This is an unblinded, randomized trial with phased vaccine introduction in the target population. Participation in the study will be voluntary and open to adults 18 years of age and older who are at high risk of exposure to Ebola infection through their daily work and who work in a selected study area.

NCT ID: NCT02363322 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Ebola Virus Infection

Putative Investigational Therapeutics in the Treatment of Patients With Known Ebola Infection

Start date: February 11, 2015
Phase: Phase 1/Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Background: - Ebola is a viral infection that can spread quickly and causes life-threatening disease. Right now there is an Ebola outbreak in many countries in West Africa. There are no approved treatments for Ebola. But possible treatments are being developed. Researchers need to study these treatments to see if they help people get better. Objective: - To identify possible Ebola treatments. Also, to learn if adding 1 or more experimental drugs to advanced Ebola care can reduce the risk of death. Eligibility: - People who have recently been diagnosed with Ebola, usually by a test called the Polymerase Chain Reaction (PCR), and have been hospitalized in an isolation unit for treatment. Design: - Participants will be randomly assigned to Group A or B. Both groups will get advanced level care. One group will also get an experimental drug. - Participants may have blood tests. They may have another PCR test. - Researchers will try to learn how the participant got Ebola. - Participants put in the experimental drug group may start taking medicine within 24 hours of enrollment. It may be given by mouth or intravenously. Additional doses may be needed. - Participants may have a series of timed blood tests over the first 24 to 48 hours after they take the medicine. - Blood will be drawn frequently. Other body fluids (urine, stool, vaginal fluid, etc.) may also be collected. - Participants will be followed for up to 60 days. They may be evaluated for any long-term effects of the experimental treatment(s). They may be asked to return for 1 or more outpatient visits. - For consenting participants, follow-up will be extended for up to one full year past Day 58 with contact/visits every 1-3 months to assess for a history of signs or symptoms potentially consistent with late onset of virologic relapse syndrome.

NCT ID: NCT02128568 Active, not recruiting - Depressive Disorder Clinical Trials

Sub-Trial of the Youth Readiness Intervention (YRI): Treatment of Control Group and Addition of Stress Biomarkers

Start date: March 2014
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

This research is a continuation of the Youth Readiness Intervention (YRI) randomized clinical trial by adding additional pre and post intervention data collection upon treatment of the control group (N=222) with the intervention which was proven effective in the larger trial. The overall research has investigated whether participation in the YRI intervention will improve emotional regulation, prosocial attitudes/behavior, social support and daily and functioning among war-affected 15-24 year olds in Sierra Leone. In this sub-study which will involve treatment of the control group with the effective YRI intervention, the investigators will add an additional measure of self-regulation as observed via DNA methylation in buccal cells collected via cheek swabs. As before, after the YRI intervention, youth will be offered a free educational opportunity at the EducAid program in Freetown or in one of its upline/provincial sites. This stage of the research, as in the treatment with the main group, will test whether youth enrolled in the YRI psychosocial intervention go on to demonstrate improved attendance and behavior in a subsidized education program. In the previous phase of the trial, the investigators did observe significant effects for the YRI intervention and evidence that the program is indeed effective. For instance, post-intervention, YRI youth reported greater improvements in emotion regulation (β=0.109, 95%CI 0.026 to 0.191, δ=0.31), prosocial attitudes/behaviors (β=0.149, 95%CI 0.057 to 0.240, δ=0.38), and social support (β=0.119, 95%CI 0.009 to 0.229, δ=0.26) than controls, and greater reductions in functional impairments (β= -0.175, 95%CI -0.299 to -0.050, δ= -0.35). Differences in symptoms were non-significant at six-month follow-up for the full sample; moderator analyses showed that, for individuals in the top quartile of baseline symptoms, YRI youth had greater improvements in emotion regulation and social support than controls. At eight-month follow-up, teachers reported that YRI participants were 8.9 times more likely to be in school (28.8% v. 4.7%) and showed better attendance (β=3.553, 95%CI 0.989 to 6.118, OR=34.93) and academic performance (β= -0.954, 95%CI -1.807 to -0.102, δ= -1.31). In this final phase of the trial as the investigators treat the wait list control group, the investigators will test whether intervention effects observed in self-report data on improved emotion-regulation are also upheld in biomarker data. Thus, the investigators will now provide YRI treatment to the wait list control group and employ the use of biomarkers as a measure of the intervention's effectiveness. The objective of the study will be to assess whether DNA methylation (collected via cheek swabs of buccal cells) is associated with changes in emotion regulation pre- and post- intervention. The aim is to test the hypothesis that the YRI is associated with improvements emotion-regulation evidence both in self-report data on emotion-regulation and in buccal cell DNA methylation. This study will add to the evidence base for effective, culturally sensitive mental health services for youth and young adults affected by war and other forms of adversity.