There are about 3 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Solomon Islands. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This is an open-label prospective community intervention trial to assess the impact of community mass treatment with azithromycin for yaws and ivermectin for scabies, on non-yaws bacterial skin infections. Communities will be randomised to receive standard treatment for both yaws and scabies either in parallel (site 1) or in sequence (site 2). Treatment of yaws: Single dose of Azithromycin (30mg/kg, max 2G). Treatment of scabies: Either an oral dose of Ivermectin (200μg/kg) or permethrin cream for those with a contraindication to Ivermectin (WT<15kg, pregnant or breastfeeding women) given in 2 doses 7-14 days apart. Investigators will complete a clinical and microbiological assessment of bacterial skin disease at baseline and at 12 months to assess the impact of treatment on the prevalence of bacterial infection and the emergence of antimicrobial resistance. Primary Outcome 1. Difference in the change in prevalence of impetigo between baseline and 12- months between the parallel and the sequential treatment arms. Secondary Outcomes 2. Change in the proportion of swab samples from which S. pyogenes is cultured between baseline and follow-up in the two arms 3. The proportion of samples from which a drug-resistant isolate of S.pyogenes is cultured in the two arms
The Melanesian states of the Western Pacific (Papua New Guinea, Solomon Islands and Vanuatu) represent a unique and especially prescient challenge to malaria control and elimination. While the use of bed nets and other vector control and case management measures have achieved major advances in overall malaria control, the P. vivax and P. ovale species account for an ever-increasing burden of clinical disease. The lack of effective treatment of the hypnozoite stages of infection with these species result in ongoing relapses and a continuing reservoir of infection. The only known drug effective for treatment of the hypnozoite stage is primaquine; however the safe and effective dose of this drug in malaria treatment is still unclear. A recent study evaluated the safety and efficacy of two primaquine dosing regimens (0.25mg/kg and 0.5mg/kg) in a population in New Ireland province, PNG. This study aims to replicate this methodology in Vanuatu and Solomon Islands, to provide a more complete picture of primaquine efficacy and safety in each of the three countries of this region.
The purpose of this study is to assess the effectiveness of intermittent preventive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) with Sulphadoxine-pyrimethamine compared to chloroquine prophylaxis in Honiara, Solomon Islands for prevention of malaria and it's adverse effects in pregnancy.