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NCT ID: NCT03147456 Recruiting - Obesity Clinical Trials

Protein Supplementation Impact On Body Muscle Mass And Fat Mass In Qataris Post Bariatric Surgery, Randomized Controlled Trials (Rct)

Start date: March 8, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

One of the most common post-operative deficiencies or complications of bariatric surgery is protein malnutrition. It may lead to many predicaments such as malnutrition, vitamin, micro- and macronutrient deficiencies that can lead to deleterious consequences. A protein-rich diet make a person feel satiety and thereby the consumption will be low in overall energy intake. The objectives of our study are. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of protein supplementation on changes in health parameters such as fat mass, muscle mass, weigh change, protein (total and albumin), Vit B12, Zinc and Magnesium, in Qatari patients post bariatric surgery. Our participants are Qatari aged 18-45 years males and females recruited from the bariatric surgery centers of 2 major HMC hospitals (HGH hospital) and will be randomized to receive either the protein supplement (treatment group) or a dietary advice (control group). All participants will be equally followed and monitored for 3 months and data on the above parameters will be collected, together with other population characteristics, at Baseline, 1 month and 3 month. Data will then be analyzed using the most up-to-date SPSS statistical package to assess the effect of protein supplementation on the parameters of interest. Statistical measures will be carefully chosen to properly assess the difference in the treatment (protein supplementation) effect compared with the control (Dietary advice). Investigators hypothesize that Patients receiving protein supplement (intervention group) Compared with patient not on protein supplement (placebo group) will maintain weight loss and other essential health parameters.

NCT ID: NCT03116542 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Essential Thrombocythemia

18F-FLT (PET/CT) in Prefibrotic/Early Primary Myelofibrosis and Essential Thrombocythemia

PMF/ET-FLT
Start date: July 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The main purpose of this project is to study the uptake pattern of FLT-PET in cases, and it is value in assessing the malignant hematopoiesis in cases of Pre-PMF and ET, regarding diagnosis, staging and monitoring response to therapy. Identifying different patterns of uptake in patients with Pre-PMF and ET in various clinical settings. Evaluating FLT-PET as a novel non-invasive technique in cases with Pre-PMF and ET, in comparison to the standard bone marrow biopsy about disease diagnosis, assessment of disease activity, detection of transformation, monitoring of treatment response and grading of fibrosis.Study the ability of FLT-PET to differentiate between Pre-PMF and ET. the investigators also aim to examine the association of FLT-PET uptake patterns with different genetic makeup (JAK2 (Janus kinase 2), CALR (Calreticulin), MPL (myeloproliferative leukemia protein), or Triple negative disease) or allele burden in cases of Pre-PMF and ET.

NCT ID: NCT03076528 Recruiting - Diabetes Clinical Trials

An Innovative Virtually Supervised Exercise for Dialysis Patients

Start date: November 6, 2016
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Among patients with diabetes 35% suffer from chronic renal disease and may require dialysis or kidney replacement over time. Furthermore, in diabetics with end stage renal disease (ESRD) that require dialysis, the risk of foot complications and amputation is even more common, expensive, and devastating. Interestingly, even though incidence of foot ulcers in patients with dialysis has been reported to be same as with patients with history of foot ulcers; dialysis patients have significantly higher rate of foot amputation. The goal of this research is to incorporate an innovative virtually supervised non-weight bearing exercise in patients undergoing dialysis to reduce risk of fall and foot ulceration by enhancing lower extremity blood flow, joint perception and joint mobility. Diabetic patients on hemodialysis at Hamad Medical Company will be recruited and will be randomized to either intervention (IG) or control (CG) group and followed for 6 months. The intervention group will take part in a 4-week non-weight bearing exercise program twice per week at the hemodialysis clinic under the supervision of a qualified research staff member. This intervention includes interactive game-based exercises including repetitive ankle and foot movements. Wearable sensors will provide real-time visual/auditory feedback from foot and ankle position and allowed perception of motor-errors during each motor-action. The control group will be instructed to complete a supervised foot and ankle exercise without using sensor technology. Changes in balance, gait, and physical activity, incidence of foot problems will be compared pre- and post-intervention. In addition, the incident of falls, foot ulcers, and limb amputation up to 6 months post intervention will be documented. Investigators hypothesize that patients receiving sensor-based exercises will benefit more compared to group receiving conventional non-technology training in terms of improving functional performance and reducing incidence of foot problems, falls, and limb amputation.

NCT ID: NCT03046342 Recruiting - Gastroenteritis Clinical Trials

Gastroenteritis in Pediatric Population of Qatar

GE
Start date: March 10, 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

Comparison of clinical and laboratory diagnosis for cause of Gastroenteritis(GE) depending on the clinical manifestation.Identifying the sources of viral, bacterial and parasitic GE in Pediatric population of Qatar

NCT ID: NCT03006198 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Arthritis, Rheumatoid; Spondylitis, Ankylosing; Arthritis, Psoriatic; Colitis, Ulcerative

Tracking Biologics Along the Silk Road

HARIR
Start date: February 4, 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

The objective of this study is to explore and describe the disease characteristics, treatment and outcomes of participants with rheumatoid arthritis, ankylosing spondylitis, psoriatic arthritis, Crohn's Disease or ulcerative colitis as the major disease treated with REMICADE, SIMPONI or STELARA in clinical practice in the emerging regions of North Africa, the Middle East, and Western Asia.

NCT ID: NCT02999386 Recruiting - Diabetes Mellitus Clinical Trials

Stress Induced Hyperglycemia In Trauma

SIHG
Start date: October 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

The clinical relevance of the observed stress induced hyperglycemia in trauma patients remains unclear. The earlier studies suggested the implications of cytokines in stress induced hyperglycemia and the outcomes after trauma. To date, there is little information available regarding the effect of diabetic hyperglycemia (occult or known) on outcomes after trauma and whether these patients represent a distinct group with differential outcomes when compared to those with stress-induced hyperglycemia. Herein, the purpose of this study is to identify the incidence of stress induced hyperglycemia as well as diabetic hyperglycemia in trauma patients and to investigate the association between proinflammatory cytokine levels and hyperglycemia in our trauma population.

NCT ID: NCT02972164 Recruiting - Obesity Clinical Trials

Adapted Cognitive Behavioral Approach to Addressing Overweight and Obesity Among Qatari Youth

Start date: August 2013
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Levels of overweight and obesity have reached alarming proportions in Qatar and other Gulf nations. In Qatar, the need to establish national strategies for the prevention and treatment of obesity has been recognized in the new Qatar National Health Strategy 2011-2016, which stresses the need for prevention. In fact, the Qatar National Nutrition and Physical Activity Action Plan 2011-2016 calls for nutrition and physical activity interventions for the prevention of obesity and related chronic diseases such as diabetes. The treatment and prevention of childhood obesity is largely through lifestyle changes- encouraging health eating and physical activity and discouraging sedentary behavior. However, changing such behaviors is complex and requires a combination of integrated approaches to tackle such a multifaceted problem. Herein, the investigators set out to implement and evaluate a novel weight management program for Qatari school children at the vulnerable age of 9-12 years. The project incorporates a cognitive-behavioral approach that involves developing social and emotional competences, promotion healthy dietary habits, development of physical literacy, and use of activity monitoring devices to promote increased activity while enlisting family involvement in an attempt to maintain weight loss in the long term. This project seeks to also take things further by integrating a range of interventions that use cutting edge insights from the behavioral sciences through the use of MINDSPACE approach (MINDSPACE: Messenger, Incentive, Norms, Default, Salience, Priming, Affect, Commitment, Ego) in conjunction with technology tools for monitoring activity and providing ongoing support through the use of social media. The intervention involves a multi-cohort intervention involving 500 Qatari children over 5 years to be conducted in three phases (1) intensive weight loss camps, (2) after-school clubs as supplement/consolidation, and (3) maintenance through web and social/family support.

NCT ID: NCT02897856 Recruiting - Seizures Clinical Trials

Efficacy and Safety of Intramuscular Midazolam Compared to Buccal Midazolam in Pediatric Seizures

Start date: December 2015
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

The goal of this study is to prove that intramuscular midazolam is more effective than buccal midazolam in cessation of seizure activity with comparable side effects.

NCT ID: NCT02887625 Recruiting - Type 2 Diabetes Clinical Trials

Exenatide Plus Pioglitazone Versus Insulin in Poorly Controlled T2DM

Start date: February 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

To compare efficacy, safety and durability of combination therapy with pioglitazone plus GLP-1 RA versus basal bolus insulin in poorly controlled T2DM patients on metformin plus sulfonylurea

NCT ID: NCT02879409 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Diabetes Mellitus Type 2

HbA1c Variability in Type II Diabetes

Start date: November 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

There are numerous possible reasons why it could be speculated that HbA1c variability may affect complication risk. Of interest are the concepts that both laboratory and clinic evidence suggests that periods of sustained hyperglycemia are 'remembered' (metabolic memory), this in turn is recognized to place patients at greater long-term risk of complications. As such it can be speculated that the detrimental effect of variability in HbA1c may be mediated via the same mechanism as 'metabolic memory' phenomenon. Aims: To determine whether treatment to one of 2 threshold levels will result in one group of type 2 diabetes patients having the same mean HbA1c but with differing HbA1c variability to that of another and related to markers of oxidative stress, inflammation and microvascular complications. To determine whether a difference in HbA1c variability between the 2 groups will reflect in changes in small nerve fibers assessed with the sensitive method of corneal confocal microscopy and cardiac autonomic function testing. To assess the reproducibility of HbA1c measurement from a whole blood samples initially analyzed and then stored at -80C until the end of the study (2-3 years), as well as storing an aliquot of haemolysate, for reanalysis at the end of the study. In one arm the investigators will intensify treatment in those with FPG>140mg/dl until their FPG is <90mg/dl, using whatever treatment is clinically appropriate for them, and only intensify it further if their FPG rises to >140mg/dl again. In the other group the investigators will intensify if their FPG is >115 mg/dl until it is <=115 mg/dl and intensify further if >115 mg/dl again. A total of 20 visits within a time frame of 2 and half years will be performed. Visits procedures will include routine biochemistry, eGFR, lipids, fasting glucose, insulin and full blood count, HbA1c, SHBG, hsCRP. EPIC and G-PAQ questionnaires will be collected. Autonomic function testing using deep breathing heart rate variability, and a sensitive measure of small fiber neuropathy using corneal confocal microscopy and a 24 hour urine collection for urinary isoprostanes to measure oxidative stress will be performed, at baseline, 12 and 24 months.