There are about 19 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Papua New Guinea. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The DOLF Triple Drug Therapy for Lymphatic Filariasis study will determine the frequency, type and severity of adverse events following triple-drug therapy (IVM+DEC+ALB, IDA) compared to the standard two-drug treatment (DEC+ALB, DA) in infected and uninfected individuals in a community in 5 different countries. The objective is to acquire safety, efficacy, and acceptability data to assess the safety and acceptability of the IDA drug combination.
Mass drug administration with antimalarial treatment is a tool that can potentially reduce or totally eliminate malaria parasite infections from a population. Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine (DHA/PPQ) given monthly for 3 months to the entire population might be a good candidate for mass drug administration because the long acting PPQ exerts a long post-treatment prophylactic effect against reinfection and relapse. The use of a repeated dose of DHA/PPQ could lead to increased PPQ plasma concentrations and increased cardiotoxicity. However, there is no data on a second course of treatment or on safety of the drug administered in repeated monthly doses. The proposed project is a clinical trial to assess the electrocardiographic safety of monthly DHA/PPQ (for 3 days at a time) for 3 months. The investigators aim to assess the safety of the drug to be used monthly in mass treatment campaigns. Recommendations issued from this study will benefit health authorities on Lihir-Island by setting the stage for a possible subsequent campaign to completely eliminate malaria from the whole island. This study could be a crucial step to inform the feasibility of drug-based strategies for eliminating malaria elsewhere in PNG, other Melanesian countries and throughout the world.
Plasmodium falciparum parasitaemia in pregnancy is associated with maternal anaemia, low birth-weight and increased perinatal mortality. Whilst continuous prophylaxis is difficult to implement, intermittent presumptive treatment in pregnancy (IPTp) has proved to be practical and effective. In PNG, pregnant women currently receive IPTp using sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine, however, this therapy has the potential to be compromised by parasite resistance. The aim of the present trial is to assess the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics and efficacy of azithromycin (AZI) plus piperaquine (PQ) given as IPTp to pregnant Papua New Guinea women. The study will comprise of two sub-studies: (i) A safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetic study of AZI-PQ in pregnancy. (ii) A safety, tolerability and preliminary efficacy study of AZI-PQ in pregnancy.
This study specifically seeks to provide data on the safety, tolerability and pilot efficacy of short course, high dose primaquine treatment in Papua New Guinean children aged 5-10 years, in a cross-sectional study design. Community screened asymptomatic cases and/or cases of clinically diagnosed malaria admitted to the out-patient units of the health center, will be screened for Glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency (G6PD) and malaria illness by rapid diagnostic test and P. vivax infection confirmed by light microscopy. Following treatment with artemether-lumefantrine (Coartem), G6PD normal children will be enrolled into the study and followed for 2 months. Primaquine treatment will be allocated to study participants in a step-wise design; firstly receiving the current 14 day treatment regimen of 0.5 mg/kg total dose (n=40); secondly, a 7 day treatment regimen receiving a total dose of 1.0 mg/kg/day; then thirdly, receive 1.0 mg/kg twice daily dose (bd) for a total of 3.5 days, should the 7 day treatment prove to be safe and well tolerated. In addition to this dose-escalation study, the pharmacokinetic profiles of single doses of 0.5 mg/kg and 1.0 mg/kg will be determined using an intensive sampling protocol, in children aged 5-10 years. The pharmacokinetic profiles obtained by this sub-study will be essential for modeling the population pharmacokinetic data obtained from the dose-escalation study. As there is currently no data on the safety, tolerability and efficacy of primaquine in children, the present study will validate previous observation and contribute to the knowledge of primaquine as a treatment for liver stages of Plasmodium vivax infection.
The study will be a single blinded, randomized, controlled open label non-inferiority phase III, trial with two parallel groups, conducted in Ghana and Papua New Guinea (PNG). The ultimate goal is to establish if a 20mg/kg dose of azithromycin is as effective as a 30mg/kg dose in the treatment of yaws. Approximately 600 clinically and serologically diagnosed yaws patients will be included in the study. Patients will be randomized to receive treatment with the two antibiotic regimens as follow: (i) Regimen I (AZT20): Single oral dose of 20 mg/kg azithromycin (ii) Regimen II (AZT30): Single oral dose of 30 mg/kg azithromycin. The follow-up period of patients will be 6 months. Assessments before, during and after the antibiotic treatment will include full medical history, clinical assessment of the lesion and, laboratory investigations. The primary efficacy parameters are healing of the lesion at 4 weeks and a four-fold decline in RPR titre at 6 months after start of treatment.
This study specifically seeks to quantify the contribution of relapes to the burden of P. vivax infections and disease by determining on the effect of radical pre-erythrocytic and erythrocytic clearance on subsequent rates of Plasmodium spp. infection and disease in children aged 5-10 years in a treatment to re-infection study design. In order the clear liver-stage/blood-stages G6PD-normal children were randomised to receive Chloroquine (3 days, standard dose) and Coartem (3 days, standard dose) plus either i) primaquine (20 days, 0.5mg/kg) or ii) placebo (20days). These drugs were administered over a period of 4 weeks. In addition to this epidemiological data, the study will assess the natural acquisition of cellular and humoral immune responses to P. falciparum and P. vivax, thus assisting in the determination of correlates of clinical immunity to P. falciparum and P. vivax in PNG children aged 5-10 years. These data will not only be essential for development of future vaccines against P. vivax and P falciparum but provide invaluable insight into the contribution of long-lasting liver-stages to the force of infection with P. vivax that will contribute towards designing more rational approaches to the treatment of P. vivax both in the context of case management and future attempts at elimination.
This study will determine if a combination of 3 drugs used to treat the infection that cause lymphatic filariasis (LF) due to Wuchereria bancrofti infection are more effective in killing or sterilizing the adult worms compared to just 2 of the 3 drugs that usually given to treat this infection. The three drugs used together are called albendazole (ALB), ivermectin (IVM) and diethylcarbamazine (DEC). The usual treatment in Papua New Guinea (PNG) for lymphatic filariasis are DEC and ALB. A combination of these 3 drugs has not been previously used to treat LF.
The trial that the investigators are proposing is a pilot study to determine the effect of the new WHO-yaws eradication strategy in Lihir Island (population 18,000), Papua New Guinea. New treatment policies were developed by WHO in 2012 to replace those of the 1950s. The recommended practice is to offer an initial MDA with azithromycin to the entire population, followed by resurveys every 6 months to detect and treat remaining cases.We will use serology surveys, clinical surveys and ulcer aetiology studies to measure the effect of mass azithromycin treatment on the community burden of yaws infection.
A dual POC immunoassay simultaneously detecting non-treponemal and treponemal antibodies was developed for the diagnosis of infections with T. pallidum. The assay is designed for use in resource-limited settings where challenging conditions (such as lack of electricity, running water, or laboratory equipment) commonly exist. We sought to compare performance of the dual-POC assay for diagnosis of yaws infection with that of the RPR and TPHA as reference standards.
This randomized clinical trial will address a complication related to recurrent episodes of malaria in endemic areas - hyper-reactive malarial splenomegaly. We aim to assess the efficacy of chloroquine after prednisone-induction therapy compared to standard treatment of chloroquine alone in the treatment of adult patients with newly diagnosed hyper-reactive malarial splenomegaly.