There are about 67 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Mozambique. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
This is a controlled cohort study to assess the effect of improved sanitation on oral rotavirus vaccine performance in low-income urban neighbourhoods of Maputo, Mozambique. The specific hypotheses are that: (1) access to improved sanitation is associated with increased oral rotavirus vaccine immunogenicity; (2) enteric infection concurrent to oral rotavirus vaccination is associated with reduced oral rotavirus vaccine immunogenicity; and (3) Environmental Enteric Dysfunction is associated with reduced oral rotavirus vaccine immunogenicity. Pregnant women will be enrolled from the intervention and control arms of a previous sanitation trial (NCT02362932) post-intervention and will be enrolled at no later than eight months' gestation and then followed to 4 months of age of the infant. Blood samples and faeces will be taken from the infant at the time of administration of the first dose of the oral rotavirus vaccine and four weeks after the second dose of the vaccine. The primary outcome of interest in the study is oral rotavirus vaccine immunogenicity among participating vaccinated infants. Seroconversion is defined as a ≥ fourfold rise in serum anti-rotavirus IgA titers between first dose of oral RV vaccine and 4 weeks (+/- 1 week) after second dose of oral RV vaccine. Enteric infections are defined as the presence of ≥ 1 of the following enteric infections in stool: adenovirus 40/41, rotavirus A, norovirus GI/GII, Salmonella spp. (including serovars Typhi and Paratyphi), Campylobacter spp. (C. jejuni, C. coli, C. lari), Shigella spp. (S. boydii, S. sonnei, S. flexneri, S. dysenteriae), Clostridium difficile Toxin A/B, enterotoxigenic Escherichia coli (ETEC) LT/ST, E. coli O157, Shiga-like toxin-producing E. coli (STEC) stx1/stx2, Yersinia enterocolitica, Vibrio cholerae, Giardia lamblia, Entamoeba histolytica, and Cryptosporidium spp. (C. parvum, C. hominis). Environmental Enteric Dysfunction is measured via a combined disease activity score including faecal markers of intestinal inflammation and permeability: neopterin, α-1 antitrypsin, and myeloperoxidase in stool.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and immune response to an HIV clade C vaccine and to an MF59- or alum-adjuvanted clade C Env protein in healthy, HIV-uninfected adults.
This is an observational cohort study. Pulmonary tuberculosis (TB) patients will be enrolled at the time of TB diagnosis and prospectively followed for at least two years after TB-treatment initiation with optional prolonged follow-up. Study visits will be performed in the study clinics or if necessary at the participant's home at pre-defined time points after TB treatment initiation. Clinical assessments, biological sample collections and collection of socio-economic data will be performed according to the pre-defined schedule of events.
FEVRIER study is an observatory of hospitalizations in cardiology units in sub-Saharan Africa.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the impact of LUS on the diagnosis and management of childhood pneumonia in developing countries
The purpose of this R01 proposal is to evaluate the clinical impact, hypothesized mechanisms of behavior change, and cost-effectiveness of a partners-focused integrated elimination of mother-to-child transmission of HIV (EMTCT) package comprised of: 1) antenatal care-based couples HIV testing, ART enrollment, and care for sero-concordant HIV+ expectant couples; (2) Couples-based treatment in the post-partum period; (3) Couple-based education and skills building; and (4) Treatment continuity with the support of expert-patient (peer) supporters from couples who have successfully navigated EMTCT. This innovative approach to scaling up EMTCT services, if proven feasible and effective, will be adopted in President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) programs to accelerate progress toward EMTCT and helping families with HIV infection live long, healthy lives.
Mortality rates from birth asphyxia in low-income countries remain very high. Face mask ventilation (FMV) is the most common method of resuscitating neonates in such settings. It is mostly performed by midwives but may not always be satisfactory. The i-gel® is a cuffless supraglottic airway which is easy to insert and provides an efficient seal that prevents air leakage with the potential to enhance the performance of neonatal resuscitation. Midwives can be trained in a short time to use this method. A pilot study in Uganda has demonstrated that midwives can safely perform resuscitation of newborn with the i-gel. OBJECTIVE To investigate whether the use of a cuffless supraglottic airway compared to face-mask ventilation during neonatal resuscitation can reduce early neonatal death (before 7 days of life) or morbidity in neonatal encephalopathy (NE) in asphyxiated neonates. STUDY DESIGN, SETTING AND POPULATION A multi-centre randomized clinical trial will be conducted at Central Hospital, Beira, Mozambique and at Mulago Hospital, Kampala, Uganda, among asphyxiated neonates in the delivery units. Prior to the intervention, all staff in the labour ward performing resuscitation will receive training according to the HBB curriculum with a special module for training on supraglottic airway insertion. Resuscitation will be performed according to international guidelines. UTILITY OF THE STUDY It is crucial to explore alternative, cost-effective modalities that not only would reduce mortality, but also the burden of neurological damage in survivors.
The overall goal of this project is to adapt and assess the impact of a traditional healer training program/intervention on the adherence, retention, and viral load of HIV infected patients newly initiated on anti-retroviral therapy (ART) in rural Mozambique.
The primary purpose of this study is to assess the preventive vaccine efficacy (VE), safety and tolerability of a heterologous prime/boost regimen utilizing Ad26.Mos4.HIV and aluminum-phosphate adjuvanted Clade C gp140 for the prevention of Human Immuno Virus (HIV) infection in HIV-seronegative women residing in sub-Saharan Africa from confirmed HIV-1 infections diagnosed between the Month 7 and Month 24 visits.
The purpose of the study is to assess the long-term safety profile of Ad26.ZEBOV and MVA-BN-Filo in participants previously exposed to these vaccines in Phase 1, 2, or 3 clinical studies.