There are about 17 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Myanmar. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
While World Health Organization (WHO) guidelines recommend empirical antibacterial therapy as the standard of care in all African children with severe falciparum malaria, there are fewer data to guide the management of adults with the disease in low transmission settings. Presently WHO guidelines do not recommend empirical antibacterial therapy in adults with malaria in low transmission settings, instead antibacterial therapy is only clearly recommended in those patients in whom a serious bacterial co-infection is clinically suspected. However, in a pilot study in Myanmar (High Frequency of Clinically Significant Bacteremia in Adults Hospitalized With Falciparum Malaria PMID: 26989752) we found that 13% of adults hospitalized with falciparum malaria were bacteremic, with bacterial co-infection suspected by clinicians in the minority. Patients with serious bacterial infection are commonly not bacteraemic and so this probably underestimates the frequency of significant bacterial co-infection. In that pilot study, over 75% of patients received empirical antibacterial therapy on admission to hospital, which would not accord with published WHO guidelines as clinicians suspected bacterial co-infection in only 17%. However, the study's 100% survival rate - when over half of the patients were at high risk of death - suggests that the administration of antibacterial therapy may be appropriate until bacterial co-infection is excluded. There is also academic debate about the role of co-morbidities in the presentation of patients severely ill with vivax malaria. Bacterial co-infection has been reported in some - but by no means all - studies of severe vivax infection. It would be useful to determine the relative contribution of bacterial co-infection to the clinical presentation of patients with vivax malaria. By systematically seeking evidence of bacterial co-infection in all patients hospitalized at the study sites, this study aims to determine if the bacterial infection is really as prevalent as was the case in the pilot study. Accordingly it aims to determine the utility of a strategy that includes empirical antibacterial therapy in adults hospitalized with malaria in low transmission settings, until significant bactrila infection has been excluded.
This study aims to improve the Clinical Decision Making (CDM) skills of a group of Myanmar physical therapists by series of educational workshops that will introduce them to and guide them through the decision making process by using the CDM workbook. Participants will be separated into two groups, CDM workshop group and CDM workbook group. There will be three time assessments; one pre-workshop/ workbook and two post-workshop/workbook assessments by using Clinical Decision Making (CDM) assessment worksheet.
This randomized controlled trial evaluates the effectiveness of a psychotherapeutic intervention, the Common Elements Treatment Approach (CETA), to address the mental health needs of children and adolescents age 8-17 who have been affected by armed conflict in Kachin State, Myanmar. The 10-12 week talk-based counseling treatment, delivered by community mental health workers, will be evaluated against a wait-list control group. This project follows on a recently completed trial of CETA for adult trauma survivors from Myanmar along the Thai-Myanmar border which found that CETA was acceptable, accessible, and effective in improving mental health and functioning of adults. The investigators hypothesize that the intervention will be similarly effective for improving the mental health and functioning of children and adolescents.
Efficacy and safety of the artemisinin combination therapy (ACT) in uncomplicated falciparum malaria patients in Myanmar and artemisinin molecular markers analysis
In a randomized-controlled study, the effects of a structured, progressive, task-oriented home exercise program to optimize walking competency will be evaluated in subacute stroke survivors.
This study will investigate the use of misoprostol for first-line treatment of incomplete abortion at tertiary hospitals in Myanmar.
This study is an open-label randomised trial comparing standard ACT treatment with matching triple artemisinin-based combination therapies (TACTs), evaluating efficacy in safety and tolerability. The estimated total sample size is 2040 patients from 16 sites in Asia and 1 site in Africa. There are 2 arm study groups that have 2 treatment arms each. Study group A: A.1: Artemether-lumefantrine for 3 days. versus: A.2: Artemether-lumefantrine for 3 days plus Amodiaquine for 3 days. Study group B: B.1: Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for 3 days. versus: B.2: Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for 3 days plus Mefloquine hydrochloride for 3 days. Study group C: C.1: Artesunate-mefloquine for 3 days versus: C.2: Dihydroartemisinin-piperaquine for 3 days plus Mefloquine hydrochloride for 3 days. According to the WHO guideline, all patients except for children under the age of 1 year or a weight below 10 kilograms will also be treated with a single dose of low dose primaquine.
- Artemisinin resistance have been documented in Myanmar and Myanmar artemisinin resistance containment measures have been launched since 2009-2010. - It is important to monitor the spread and magnitude of artemisinin resistant malaria in Myanmar. - So, day-3 surveillance study have been conducted. - Recently artemisinin resistant molecular marker, K13 have been identified and it was used as a tool in this study.
This is a randomised two arm study, comparing artemether-lumefantrine 3 days and 5 days treatment. Patients will be randomised in blocks of ten to one of the two treatment arms. The standard regimen is twice daily for three days with a delay of at least eight hours between the first and second doses. A single of primaquine will be given to all patients on the first day of treatment for gametocytocidal activity. The initial treatment will be given under supervision, all other subsequent doses will be given to the patient to the taken at home. Patients will be followed up for nine visits over forty two days.
The overall aim of this study is two fold: 1. to pilot targeted chemo-elimination of plasmodium falciparum malaria in known areas of artemisinin resistance in South East Asia. 2. to understand the micro-epidemiology of malaria in these areas; chiefly, the prevalence and importance to on-going transmission of sub-clinical p.f malaria infections.