There are about 141 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Macedonia, The Former Yugoslav Republic of. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
A major factor in the respiratory health of cystic fibrosis (CF) subjects is acquisition of chronic Pseudomonas (Pa.) aeruginosa infections. The infection rate with P. aeruginosa increases with age and by age 18 years, 80% of CF subjects in the U.S. are infected. Liposomal amikacin for inhalation (LAI, Arikace™) is a sterile aqueous liposomal suspension consisting of amikacin sulfate encapsulated in liposomes. This formulation of amikacin maximizes the achievable dose and delivery to the lungs of infected subjects when delivered via a nebulizer. Because liposome particles are small enough to penetrate and diffuse through sputum into the bacterial biofilm, they deposit drug close to the bacterial colonies (Meers, et al., 2008) (Clancy, et al., 2013), thus improving the bioavailability of amikacin at the infection site. The clinically achievable doses of amikacin in the LAI formulation can effectively increase the half-life of the drug in the lungs, and decrease the potential for systemic toxicity. LAI offers several advantages over current therapies in treating CF subjects with chronic infection caused by Pa. aeruginosa.
A single-blinded hybrid effectiveness-implementation trial (Type II), that both evaluates the intervention outcomes (clinical and service use outcomes) through patient-randomization in the implementation sites, as well as evaluates the implementation strategy chosen for the intervention and its impact on implementation outcomes (e.g. adoption, fidelity, acceptability and maintenance (continued implementation) of the intervention).
The aim of this study is to optimize an adapted version of a parenting program, Parenting for Lifelong Health for Young Children (PLH), to meet the specific needs of families in three low- and middle-income countries in Southeastern Europe (Romania, FYR of Macedonia and Republic of Moldova) using a cluster factorial experimental design to select the most efficacious, cost-effective, and scalable intervention components. This study is the second phase of a three-phase research project (www.rise-plh.eu). The cluster factorial experiment will examine the effectiveness, cost-effectiveness, and implementation of three selected components of the PLH for Children program to inform the selection of the most effective, cost-effective, and implementable components to include in a prevention package prior to testing it in a subsequent RCT. The cluster factorial experiment will be conducted across three Southeastern European country sites. Each site will recruit families with children aged two to nine years who have elevated levels of child behavior problems, including specifically high-risk groups, such as minorities (e.g. Roma families). Program facilitators will be recruited from local agencies and schools. The factorial experimental trial will randomize 16 clusters in each country to one of 8 experimental conditions which consist of any combination of the three components (program length: 5 sessions/10 sessions; engagement booster: high/low; fidelity booster: high supervision/low supervision). The purpose of this factorial experiment is to estimate the main effects of the three intervention components and interactions between the components. At the end of the cluster factorial experiment, we will develop an optimized version of the program by selecting components or component levels that have the highest level of effectiveness as based on effect size (rather than p-values). We will also take into consideration factors regarding cost-effectiveness and implementation outcomes when designing this optimized intervention package.
This international observational study aims at examining the patterns of health-related quality of life differences between long-term acute myeloid leukemia patients and their healthy peers from the general population.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the effect of TRC101 on the progression of chronic kidney disease (CKD) and to evaluate the safety profile of TRC101 in CKD patients with metabolic acidosis.
This study will compare the effect of semaglutide once weekly to insulin aspart 3 times daily as add on to metformin and insulin glargine in people with type 2 diabetes. Participants will either get insulin glargine and semaglutide or insulin glargine and insulin aspart - which treatment the participant get is decided by chance. Insulin glargine is taken once a day and semaglutide once a week. Insulin aspart is taken three times per day before a meal. All three medicines come in pre-filled pens for injection under the skin. The study will last for about 71 weeks. If participant's blood sugar gets under or over certain values participant will only participate in 14 weeks. The study doctor will inform the participant about this. The participant will have 15 clinic visits and 22 phone calls with the study doctor.
Surgery is the primary curative option for patients with cancer, with the overall objective of complete resection of all cancerous tissue while avoiding damage to healthy tissue. In addition, sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping and resection is an essential step in staging and managing the disease. Even with the latest advancements in imaging technology, incomplete tumor resection in patients with breast cancer is at an alarming rate of 20-25%, with recurrence rates of up to 27%. The clinical need for imaging instruments that provide real-time feedback in the operating room is unmet, largely due to the use of imaging systems based on contemporary technological advances in the semiconductor and optical fields, which have bulky and costly designs with suboptimal sensitivity and co-registration accuracy between multimodal images. To address these challenges, the investigators have introduced an innovative design comprising a bio-inspired multispectral sensor which can significantly improve image-guided surgery. The objective of this clinical study is to determine the feasibility of using a bio-inspired multispectral imaging system to detect sentinel lymph nodes and cancerous tissue during intraoperative procedures in patients with breast cancer.
The aim of this study is to develop an adapted version of a low-cost parenting program (Parenting for Lifelong Health for Young Children, PLH) to the specific needs of families in three low- and middle income countries (LMICs) in southeastern Europe (Romania, FYR of Macedonia and Republic of Moldova). The investigators want systematically evaluate key barriers and facilitators at the local, national and international levels that impact prevention of child behavioral disorders. The investigators will prepare training materials adapted to Romanian, Moldovian, Albanian, Macedonian, and Russian and train facilitators and mentor coaches in the delivery of the PLH program in each country. Also, a pre-post study will be conducted testing the feasibility of the program and the evaluation and implementation methods with 40 families at each country site. This includes examination of outcomes related to implementation fidelity, program acceptability, and preliminary program effectiveness on reducing child behavior problems and associated risk factors. This feasibility study is part of a larger implementation project. Developed on the MOST framework (the multiphase optimization strategy), this specific study will reflect the implementation of the first phase. There are two more phases to come: the Parenting for Lifelong Health for Young Children program will be optimized within the three countries by determining which components are most efficacious and cost-effective (phase 2). The optimized PLH programs will be tested in three RCTS in the countries (phase 3).
Approximately 2000 patients eligible for elective treatment with a Carotid Stent according to hospital routine practice in centers across Europe will be enrolled in the study. The maximum number of patients enrolled at each site will be not limited. Follow-ups are scheduled at discharge, 30 days, and 1 year, as per local practice. Each patient will have follow-up contacts via hospital visit and/or telephone.
This is a phase 3, multicenter, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial to evaluate the efficacy and safety of oral BCX7353 in preventing acute angioedema attacks in patients with Type I and Type II HAE.