There are about 90 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Kuwait. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
PCR-DNA of EBV test is a good prognostic indicator for survival after treatment (report: Prognostic Impact of Plasma, Epstein-Barr Virus DNA in Patients with Nasopharyngeal Carcinoma Treated using Intensity-Modulated Radiation Therapy. The chances of the local recurrence or metastasis are higher in the patients at same stage with positive PCR-DNA of EBV in Nasopharyngeal carcinoma after same treatment.(ref.) Antiviral drugs have been used to inhibit EBV replication and target viral DNA polymerase are Foscarnet and phosphonoacetic acid both interact directly with the pyrophosphate-binding site of the enzyme, where Acyclovir as antiviral drug act at two levels: as competitive alternative substrates, competing with GTP on the substrate-binding site, and as DNA chain terminators, by incorporating into the growing DNA chain and blocking its elongation due to their acyclic structure.
A multinational, prospective and observational study that will assess the management of ACS in real-life practices in Middle East North Africa area.
Kuwait ranks as the third country worldwide for the incidence of type 1 diabetes (T1D) with an incidence of 37.10 per 100,000 children. A systematic review revealed that anxiety and depression are common in parents of children with T1D . Despite the high incidence rate, only one study to date has examined the psychological impact of diabetes on parents of children with T1D in Kuwait. It was found that 50.8% of parents had elevated levels of anxiety and 46.7% had elevated levels of depression. Recent research shows that mindfulness is associated with a range of positive outcomes as well as decreased psychological and emotional distress. The earlier A doctor of philosophy (PhD) study found that mindfulness explained large amount of variance in anxiety and depression in a sample of parents of children with T1D. Mindfulness is defined as "paying attention in a particular way, on purpose, in the present moment, and non-judgmentally". The model of mindful parenting can be taught and provided as an intervention to improve psychological outcomes in parents of children with long term health conditions. In line with this idea, one study examined the effectiveness of a mindfulness-based intervention on perceived stress and psychological anxiety among parents of children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) in Jordan. The results indicated a significant decrease in stress and psychological distress in the intervention group compared to the comparison group. In the present pilot study, we will extend this work by evaluating a guided self-help a mindfulness intervention that aims to increase mindfulness and reduce psychological distress in parents of children with T1D in Kuwait.
Nephrotic syndrome (NS) represents one of the most common diagnoses in pediatric and adult nephrology, with a prevalence of 16 per 100,000 children and 3 per 100,000 adults in Western countries. In most cases, the pathogenesis of NS remains elusive, and the clinical phenotype of patients does not allow discrimination among different causes. Thus, children with NS are usually treated with corticosteroids before a biopsy is taken, and approximately 80% of them respond to such a treatment. According to this observation, pediatric NS has been separated into two broad categories; Steroid-Sensitive Nephrotic Syndrome (SSNS) and Steroid-Resistant Nephrotic Syndrome (SRNS). In both these categories the biopsy result is usually Minimal Change Disease (MCD) while a few may show Focal and Segmental Glomerulosclerosis (FSGS). Although children affected by SSNS have good long-term prognosis, most patients with SRNS progress to End Stage Renal Disease (ESRD) within 2-10 years of diagnosis . In adults a biopsy diagnosis of FSGS is more common than in children and more patients will not respond to corticosteroids alone and will need additional immunosuppressant medication. About 40% will progress to ESRD within 10 years . Currently, at least 19 genes have been clearly identified with association to SRNS harboring ~300 independent mutations, conferring a considerable genetic heterogeneity to the disorder. Genetic testing is emerging as a useful diagnostic tool in SRNS as it has implications for clinical course, treatment response, risk for posttransplant proteinuria and prenatal diagnosis. An approach for genetic testing based on the current evidence seems cost-effective and may help in the best possible management of SRNS . The NPHS2 gene, is located on chromosome 1 and is also known as the Podocin gene. It encodes the podocin protein. Podocin is a 383-amino acid lipid-raft-associated protein localized at the slit diaphragm, where it is required for the structural organization and regulation of the glomerular filtration barrier. Its interaction with other slit diaphragm proteins eg. nephrin, NEPH1, CD2AP and TRPC6 is important in mechanosensation signaling, podocyte survival, cell polarity, and cytoskeletal organization . It has been reported that variants in the NPHS2 gene are associated with NS . The commonly studied rs61747728 NPHS2 gene polymorphism also known as p.R229Q has been reported to be associated with NS and SRNS . However others have failed to report an association , which might be due to population differences. The rs61747728 is a non-synonymous variant found on exon 5 which is suggested to be involved in in altering the functional properties of podocin in vitro and possibly in vivo . The investigators will therefore investigate the frequency of the p.R229Q variant in Middle East patients with NS. Genetic analysis will have important implications in several aspects:- 1. Understanding the biology of the disease in this part of the world. 2. Counselling patients about their clinical course and what medication they will respond to. 3. Counselling patients about the possibility of a kidney transplant sooner in their disease course
This study aims at evaluating real life effectiveness of originator adalimumab (Humira®) participants with active non-infectious intermediate, posterior and panuveitis (NIIPPU) despite high-dose corticosteroid therapy; including effect on ocular inflammation, health-related quality of life, health resource utilization, work ability and medication burden, as well as describe the characteristics of NIIPPU participants treated with Humira® in the real-life setting.
This is an open label, non randomized, uncontrolled, multicenter, single arm observational study. In this study, the enrolled subjects will be treated with Rebif human serum albumin (HSA)-free formulation (with or without RebiSmart) 44 microgram (mcg), subcutaneous (sc), thrice in a week (tiw) for 24 months.
DISCOVER is a Non Interventional Study study to describe the disease management patterns and clinical evolution over three years in type 2 diabetes mellitus patients initiating a second line anti-diabetic treatment.