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NCT ID: NCT03284866 Not yet recruiting - HIV Infection Clinical Trials

HPV Vaccine Therapy in Reducing High-Grade Cervical Lesions in Patients With HIV and HPV

Start date: October 2017
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This randomized phase III trial studies how well human papillomavirus (HPV) vaccine therapy works in reducing high-grade cervical lesions in patients with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and HPV. Vaccines made from HPV peptides or antigens may help the body build an effective immune response to kill the HPV virus and prevent cervical lesions from developing or coming back after being removed.

NCT ID: NCT03259269 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Tuberculosis, Multidrug-Resistant

Expand New Drugs for TB [endTB]

Start date: February 9, 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

This observational study will examine the safety and efficacy of bedaquiline and delamanid used (individually, not together) in routine, multidrug regimens for treatment of MDR-TB. The information gathered in this study will inform doctors how best to use these TB drugs in the future.

NCT ID: NCT03243396 Not yet recruiting - Depression Clinical Trials

Building and Sustaining Interventions for Children: Task-sharing Mental Health Care in Low-resource Settings

Start date: January 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The study will take place in Kanduyi, a sub-county in southern Kenya, and focuses on children orphaned by one or two parents. Growing evidence demonstrates that orphaned children in low- and middle-income countries are at high risk of post-traumatic stress, but mental health professionals are largely unavailable in this area. Research suggests that some mental health treatments can be delivered effectively in low- and middle-income countries using a task sharing approach, in which lay counselors with little or no prior mental health experience are trained to provide treatment. Whetten and Dorsey's past studies have suggested that partnering with two government sectors, education and health, could be a low-cost and sustainable strategy to implement task sharing mental health services. By training teachers (via the education sector) and community health volunteers (via the health sector) to provide mental health care, a larger population could potentially be reached. Before programs are scaled-up country-wide, it's important to know not only what policies to implement but also their predicted implementation success and intervention effectiveness. This study aims to identify implementation strategies and examine whether the education and/or health sectors are productive partners in scaling up task sharing mental health care in future programs.

NCT ID: NCT03235518 Recruiting - Clinical trials for Human Immunodeficiency Virus

A Combination HIV Prevention Strategy for Young Women at Risk for HIV

Start date: June 28, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

The purpose of this study is to conduct formative research to inform the design and implementation of combination prevention interventions, including pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for female sex workers (FSW), as well as to inform recruitment and retention strategies for female sex workers and their male clients in Kenya.

NCT ID: NCT03228966 Recruiting - HIV/AIDS Clinical Trials

Ped HIV - Echo Study: Kenya

Start date: September 12, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

Background: In children and adults living with HIV, cardiomyopathy is a major source of comorbidity. Traditional echocardiographic measures are insensitive and consequently cardiomyopathy often goes undiagnosed until late stages of disease. Myocardial deformation imaging represents a promising means to identify early dysfunction, but to date there have been no large studies using strain or strain rate to assess cardiac function in children with HIV and to establish predictors of worse cardiac function such as viral burden and ART regimen. These studies are critically important as earlier diagnosis and intervention represent the best means to alter the course of HIV-associated cardiomyopathy. Objectives: To determine the association of biomarker levels, myocardial deformation, and viral load level history in HIV infected children attending Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital (MTRH) clinic. Design: A cross-sectional study on clients attending HIV clinic, MTRH. Setting: Module 4 HIV clinic at MTRH in western Kenya, Africa. Population: HIV-infected children attending clinic in 2017 - 2018 Main Measures: Echocardiographic function assessment, Age, Immune status, other illnesses, ART status. Conclusions: The study will explore the NIH/HIV High Priority Target area of HIV-associated cardiac co-morbidities and will enhance understanding of the relationship between cardiac function and viremia. The investigators expect to be able to reliably define a subset of children with worse cardiac function by risk factors: specific ART regimens, less time virally suppressed, and increased BNP biomarker.

NCT ID: NCT03224390 Active, not recruiting - Clinical trials for Contraception Behavior

A Pilot Study to Estimate the Impact of a Screening and Referral Service on Contraceptive Use

Start date: July 12, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The specific aim of this pilot study is to estimate the impact of a new digital health service on the uptake of family planning among Kenyan women with an unmet need for contraception. Enrolled women will be randomized to a control arm or an encouragement arm that will receive a special invitation to try the new service.

NCT ID: NCT03223532 Active, not recruiting - Male Circumcision Clinical Trials

Randomized Trial Comparing PrePex Day 7 Foreskin Removal Procedure (FRP) to a Day 0 PrePex FRP .

Start date: April 26, 2017
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

A Prospective, Randomized, Open Label Trial Comparing PrePex™ Day 7 (FRP) to a PrePex Day 0 FRP of Male Circumcision in Resource Limited Settings.

NCT ID: NCT03208725 Recruiting - Sepsis Clinical Trials

Childhood Acute Illness and Nutrition Network

Start date: November 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

The CHAIN Network aims to identify modifiable biomedical and social factors driving the greatly increased risk of mortality among young undernourished children admitted to hospital with acute illness, as inpatients and after discharge. The study will inform priorities, risks and targeting for multi-faceted interventional trials. CHAIN is a multi-centre cohort study with a nested case control analysis of stored biological samples. Study sites are located in Africa and South Asia. Children will be recruited at admission to hospital, stratified by nutritional status. Exposures will be assessed at admission, during hospitalisation, at discharge, and at two time points after discharge. The main outcomes of interest are mortality, re-admission to hospital and failure of nutritional recovery up to 180 days after discharge. To determine community health norms, an additional sample of children living in the same communities will be enrolled and assessed at one time point only.

NCT ID: NCT03208179 Not yet recruiting - Pregnancy Clinical Trials

Improving PRegnancy Outcomes With Intermittent preVEntive Treatment in Africa

Start date: September 2017
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

This study evaluates the efficacy and safety of monthly intermittent preventive treatment using dihydroartemisinin piperaquine (DP) alone or in combination with azithromycin (AZ) compared to sulphadoxine-pyrimthamine (SP) for the prevention of malaria in pregnant women in the second and third trimester.

NCT ID: NCT03201510 Active, not recruiting - HIV Clinical Trials

Feasibility of HIV Prevention Cohort Studies Among Men Who Have Sex With Men in Sub-Saharan Africa

Start date: July 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational

This study aims to determine the feasibility of recruiting and retaining men who have sex with men (MSM) in a multi-country prospective cohort study in preparation for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) prevention studies in sub-Saharan Africa (SSA).