There are about 35 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Jamaica. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Field hockey players, recruited from clubs in Jamaica, will be randomized to either a water training or land training groups. Persons will be exposed to 6 weeks of plyometric training with two sessions per week. Pre and post test measures will be done for lower limb power, flexibility and agility. Distance covered, pace, heart rates and exertion during a match will also be assessed.
The primary goal of the Phase II EXTEND trial is to investigate the effects of open-label hydroxyurea treatment, escalated to maximum tolerated dose, for children with Sickle Cell Anemia and either conditional (170 - 199 cm/sec) or abnormal (≥200 cm/sec) Transcranial Doppler velocities. The primary endpoint will be measured after 18 months of hydroxyurea but treatment will continue until a common study termination date.
A Multi-Centre, Phase II, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Study to investigate Efficacy and Safety of Sevuparin Infusion for the Management of Acute Vaso-Occlusive Crisis (VOC) in Subjects with Sickle-Cell Disease (SCD).
The aim of this RCT is to compare patient outcomes of inguinal hernioplasty under Local Anaesthesia alone versus Local Anaesthesia and Conscious Sedation Specific study objectives are to determine the effect of conscious sedation on: (i) patient satisfaction (ii) postoperative pain (iii) time to discharge (iv) intraoperative complications (v) postoperative functional status (vi) short-term postoperative complications (vii) long-term postoperative complications
To assess the effectiveness of a clinical audit and physician based intervention in improving the management of dyslipidemia at Health centres in the Southeast Health Region of Jamaica
There are all significant risk factors for poor early cognitive development and, as such, neurocognitive deficits have been demonstrated in pre-school children with sickle cell disease (SCD). This project assesses the efficacy of using an evidence-based early stimulation program, combined with components to help parents cope with stress, delivered during six routine monthly clinic visits to parents of children with sickle cell disease. It is hoped that this innovation will improve parental psychological outcomes, as well as child developmental outcomes.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether transfer of a fetal hemoglobin gene using a lentivirus vector (gene transfer) into human blood making cells is safe and feasible in patients with sickle cell disease.
The availability of data on plasma 25-Hydroxyvitamin D (25(OH)D) concentrations in the last two rounds of the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) has generated a high level of interest in the consequences of 25(OH)D deficiency and in particular its potential impact on black Americans. Fundamental new questions about the biology of vitamin D have now come to the fore. Are low 25(OH)D-intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) levels a physiologic "abnormality" in African Americans or does the 25(OH)D-iPTH system have sufficient plasticity to adapt to low sunlight exposure? Could the low 25(OH)D levels which result from the "gene- environment discordance" observed in dark skinned populations in the US be a risk factor for metabolic disorders? Ultimately, the public health community and regulatory bodies must offer recommendations for optimal levels and supplementation. The investigators propose to utilize cohorts from an ongoing NIH-funded study designed to identify determinants of weight change and cardiovascular disease risk in five Afro-origin populations [Modeling the Epidemiologic Transition Study (METS)] to examine these questions. The five METS countries include Ghana, Seychelles, South Africa, Jamaica and the US; the five populations differ greatly in terms of sun exposure and dietary intakes. In addition to the extensive energy expenditure, dietary intake and obesity-related metabolic markers being measured in METS, the investigators propose to assess plasma 25(OH)D, iPTH, serum and urinary calcium, plasma markers of bone resorption and formation, and quantitative ultrasound of the calcaneus. The associations of adiposity, weight change, cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk factors such as blood pressure and insulin, and bone strength with 25(OH)D and iPTH will be assessed. The proposed study will provide a comprehensive assessment of the distribution and determinants of 25(OH)D-iPTH and related physiologic measures across a wide range of latitude and lifestyles. These data should contribute substantially to the understanding of the "normal" range within which these hormones function and their significance in Afro- origin populations.
Increased knowledge about an illness can increase self-management among those afflicted. In order to facilitate people with sickle cell disease living a longer and healthier life, they should be taught to manage their illness.An adolescent with a chronic illness has many unique challenges, in addition to maneuvering the turbulent adolescence period itself. It has been that better knowledge and more positive perceptions of their illness equate not only to better control of their illness but also better quality of life.Studies have also shown the benefits of self-management: when patients are responsible for managing their own illness, their clinical outcomes and quality of life improve and they become less dependent on health care services. In this study we aim to examine if knowledge, and any changes in knowledge, will each have any association with Quality of Life (QOL) and their perceptions of their illness (IP). We also seek to investigate the effects of an educational booklet, as well as an intervention including the educational booklet with formal counselling on their knowledge, QOL and IPs.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the investigational drug SelG1 when given to sickle cell disease patients either taking or not taking hydroxyurea is effective in preventing or reducing the occurrence of pain crises. SelG1 prevents various cells in the bloodstream from sticking together. By stopping these cell-cell interactions, SelG1 may prevent small blood vessels from becoming blocked and therefore reduce the occurrence and severity of pain crises. Other effects of SelG1 will also be evaluated, as well as the safety of the drug and how long it stays in the blood stream. Funding Source - FDA Office of Orphan Products Development (OOPD)