There are about 933 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Iran, Islamic Republic of. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Hypothesis: Intravenous administration of Ketorolac 10 mg and 20 mg is as effective as 30 mg in treating renal colic pain in patients presenting to the emergency department
Online social networking sites, such as Telegram, possess a number of useful features that could enhance oral health promotion interventions, including the ability of users to share personal information, which is aggregated and displayed to other users .This study is a longitudinal controlled trial that is designed to investigate the effectiveness of a multi-component intervention on improving oral health in adolescents and their mothers. Participants will be allocated in three groups with a) an intervention group in which mothers and children receive the intervention and questionnaires via Telegram, b) only the children receive the intervention via Telegram and mothers and children receive the questionnaires, and c) mothers and children are in active control group and only receive the questionnaires. The intervention package contains behavior change techniques targeting outcome expectancy, self-efficacy, action planning, coping planning, and self-monitoring. The active control group receives an information sheet regarding recommendations on Oral health behaviors. There will be 3 assessment points in time, baseline, 1 month and 6 months after the interventions. The primary outcome of this study is to estimate the dyadic mechanisms between mothers and their children regarding improving oral health. Secondary outcome is to investigate whether oral health behavior did improve in the intervention groups in general and also to find the psychological mechanism behind the changes during the time of the study.
The experience of trauma not only impacts the way an individual thinks and feels, but can also produce changes in the way someone remembers their personal past. It is not only memories of the trauma that are affected- avoidance of trauma memories can also lead to memories of other events becoming vague, and in particular, memories of positive experiences can seem out of reach. This memory difficulty promotes posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). This study will explore an intervention that aims to improve memory difficulties, which should then flow on to improve PTSD. The study will be completed with individuals who have experienced a single incident trauma. Twenty five participants will complete MemFlex straight away, and 25 will go on a waiting list. Once this first group has finished MemFlex, the researchers will compare the two groups to see if the programme produced a larger reduction in PTSD symptoms. MemFlex is workbook-based, and as such, if it is successful it may offer an easy, cheap, and accessible way to offer psychological treatment to PTSD sufferers around the world.
Primary spontaneous pneumothorax (PSP) defines as presence of air in chest cavity occurs most commonly in young, tall, and smoker men without underlying lung disease. Trends for PSP treatment tend toward more invasive procedures. Thoracotomy with pleurectomy and bullectomy is definitive treatment of PSP which significantly reduces recurrence probability. This procedure has been reported to cause high rate of morbidity and mortality. Thus video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) has become the preferred method for treatment of PSP with recurrence rate of 5-10%. For persistent or recurrent cases, mechanical or chemical pleurodesis have been suggested. Based on guidelines patients with large size of lesions in CT or with unstable condition should undergo surgical procedure for recurrence prevention but Patients with small lesion size and stable condition can be only observed. Conservative management of PSP is safe and effective, but as mentioned this method has high recurrence rate. On the other hand fear of recurrence can negatively affect patients' quality of life, so that some patients prefer surgical intervention to observation management. Also some studies recommend invasive treatments because of cost effectiveness of this methods. As mentioned above, chemical pleurodesis is a usual method for treatment in patients with persistent or recurrent spontaneous pneumothorax. This method has been done using variety of chemical agents including tetracycline, minocycline, blood, and talc to irritate pleura. According to different studies tetracycline has the highest efficacy between irritant agents. In current study, the investigators have aimed to assess tetracycline chemical pleurodesis through tube thoracostomy in prevention of spontaneous pneumothorax in symptom free patients with normal CT-scan following first episode of PSP.
This is a phase III, non-blinded, blocked randomized clinical trial. The study is conducted on 62 newly diagnosed patients with brain glioblastoma multiforme and anaplastic astrocytoma referring to the oncology clinics during March 2018 and March 2019. The patients will be randomized to 6-cycle and 12-cycle adjuvant Temozolomide groups using block randomization method (1:1).
Diabetes is a chronic disease and the prevalence of diabetes mellitus is rapidly increasing as a result of population ageing, urbanization and associated lifestyle changes. Recently, the use of natural products in chronic diseases such as diabetes has gained more attention. Chlorella is a single-celled green algae that contains essential nutrients including amino acids and fatty acids as well as some vitamins and minerals. There have been some studies on the effects of chlorella supplementation in chronic diseases such as NAFLD, prediabetes and diabetic mice, but none of them examined the effects of chlorella in patients with type 2 diabetes. Thus the present study designed to evaluate the effects of chlorella supplementation on glycemic control, lipid profile and anthropometric measurements in type 2 diabetic patients.
Vitamin D is a hormone mainly synthesized in the skin in the presence of sunlight. Like other hormones, vitamin D plays a role in a wide range of processes in the body. Some studies have shown vitamin D has anti-inflammatory effects in the body by reducing the release of pro-inflammatory cytokines and suppressing T-cell responses. Therefore, vitamin D may be effective on reduce pain by such mechanisms. In this trial patients with brain tumor under craniotomy will receive a single high dose vitamin D compared to the control group.
This study is designed to compare the effect of combined intravitreal Bevacizumab and Propranolol injection versus Bevacizumab monotherapy in patients with Age Related Macular Degeneration. Methods: In this study patients with Age Related Macular Degeneration who are naïve or had history of previous treatment are included. The eligible patients in randomized in two groups "Bevacizumab" and "Bavacizumab + propranolol" and in injected intravitreally for 3 times monthly. In "Bevacizumab+propranolol" group patients receive two injections at each session Bavacizumab and propranolol. In "Bevacizumab" group patients receive only Bevacizumab. The patients are followed for 6 months and central macular thickness and visual acuity is measured at baseline and monthly for 6 month. Baseline ancillary exams include Fluorescein Angiography and OCT-Angiography which is performed at the final exam as well. Patients needing any therapeutic intervention is addressed during the 6 month follow up period.
This plan will be implemented on the staff of the Qazvin University of Medical Sciences. The Insomnia Severity Index questionnaire will be used to screen for insomnia and low sleep health. This questionnaire is provided online to the staff through communication channels such as telegrams to help people who are interested in participating in this research. Individuals who scored more than 8 were randomly assigned to intervention and control groups and completed the Insomnia Index Index. The intervention group will then receive an app-based educational intervention designed to improve sleep hygiene. Control group: Participants in the control group perform routine activities. The intervention and control group will fill out the relevant questionnaire one and three and six months after the completion of the training to assess the impact of the intervention online.
Background: The exit strategy after ureteroscopy for stone treatment remains a topic for discussion. Current EAU guidelines on urolithiasis state that postoperative stenting is indicated in patients at increased risk of postoperative complications. Stenting is not considered necessary in all other cases, and after uncomplicated procedures. Objective: To analyse the postoperative ureteral stenting strategy in clinical practice looking at the indication, type of stents used and the duration of stenting after ureteroscopy for stone treatment. Furthermore, the investigators will examine in what setting the stents are being removed postoperatively. Study design: This study is a prospective, observational, international, multicentre registry study executed by uCARE. Study population: All patients >18 years with a ureter or renal stone who are planned for ureteroscopic treatment by semi-rigid and/or flexible ureteroscopy are eligible for this study.