There are about 34 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Iraq. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Postpartum haemorrhage keeps to be the leading cause of maternal mortality in middle and low-income countries, including Iraq. Much advancement had been made in the field of treatment for postpartum haemorrhage but no much progress had been made in the field of prevention, where one of its main component is the administration of uterotonic, preferably oxytocin, immediately after birth of the baby. In many low- and middle income countries, the efficacy of oxytocin cannot be assured since access to sustained cold-chain is unavailable. Regarding the other uterotonics; ergometrine degrades when exposed to heat or light. Misoprostol degrades rapidly when exposed to Moisture. Innovation in the manufacture of carbetocin had meet the stability requirements for hot and humid climates. This study had been accomplished to evaluate the uterotonic effect of carbetocin compared with oxytocin for the prevention of postpartum haemorrhage in emergency caesarean delivery. Looking if carbetocin is superior to oxytocin in term of reduction in the need for additional uterotonic agents or the occurrence of PPH.
Tranexamic acid has been proposed and used for prevention and management of antepartum and postpartum hemorrhage.
Atherogenic Dyslipidemia (AD) is a risk-conferring lipid/lipoprotein profile that comprises a higher proportion of small LDL particles, reduced HDL-C, and increased triglycerides. It is characteristically seen in patients with obesity, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance, and type 2 diabetes mellitus and has emerged as an important marker for the increased cardiovascular disease (CVD) risk observed in these populations. Optimal cardiovascular risk reduction in patients exhibiting the lipid triad of AD requires integrated pharmacotherapy to normalize HDL-C, Triglyceride (TG) and LDL-C levels. Recent studies have focused on optimizing treatment for AD and compare the efficacy and tolerability of combined lipid-altering drug based therapies, however, an optimal pharmacologic approach has not yet been established. The present study was intended to evaluate the restorative efficacy of Extended Release Niacin (ER Niacin) and Fenofibrate as mono and combination therapies , as well as their safety and tolerability in females with obesity-induced AD.
Bemiparin for pregnant women with abnormal umbilical artery Doppler ultrasound
Assessment is now seen as a learning experience. there is little literature on objective structured clinical examination role for formative assessment especially in developing world Many studies showed that formative-OSCE contributes positively to final summative examination performance though most studies address this point through the students' perception toward the formative-OSCE. Having research that evaluates the effect of formative-OSCE introduction on a subsequent summative-OSCE in randomised controlled design may be of benefit for institutions considering the establishment of their own formative-OSCEs particularly in low resource countries.
During the last decades, assisted reproductive technique has been transformed from a miracle to real and has become widely used for treatment human infertility. this was associated with increased the rate of twin pregnancies
Background: The exit strategy after ureteroscopy for stone treatment remains a topic for discussion. Current EAU guidelines on urolithiasis state that postoperative stenting is indicated in patients at increased risk of postoperative complications. Stenting is not considered necessary in all other cases, and after uncomplicated procedures. Objective: To analyse the postoperative ureteral stenting strategy in clinical practice looking at the indication, type of stents used and the duration of stenting after ureteroscopy for stone treatment. Furthermore, the investigators will examine in what setting the stents are being removed postoperatively. Study design: This study is a prospective, observational, international, multicentre registry study executed by uCARE. Study population: All patients >18 years with a ureter or renal stone who are planned for ureteroscopic treatment by semi-rigid and/or flexible ureteroscopy are eligible for this study.
Background: Keeping mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact (SSC) after birth brings about numerous protective effects; however, it is an intervention that is underutilized in Iraq where a globally considerable rate of maternal and child death has been reported. The present study was carried out in order to assess the effects of mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact on initiation of breastfeeding, newborn temperature, and duration of the third stage of labor. Methods: A quasi-experimental study was conducted on 108 healthy women and their neonates (56 in the intervention group with mother and newborn skin-to-skin contact and 52 in the control group that were provided with routine postpartum care) at maternity teaching hospital of Erbil, Iraq from February to May, 2017. The required data were collected using four instruments. The first instrument was a structured interview to elicit socio-demographic and obstetric characteristics from the participants. The second instrument was a form that was used to assess the duration of the third stage of labor in mothers. The third instrument was a form to record the newborns' axillary temperature. The fourth instrument was the LATCH scale that was employed to assess the success of the first breastfeed.Descriptive relationships between demographic variables and type of care provided for mothers and newborns after birth were explored using means and SD for continuous variables, whilst categorical variables were described using proportions. The relationship between SSC and time to initiate breastfeeding, duration of third stage of labour, success of breastfeeding, newborn hypothermia, and temperature of the newborn 30 minutes after birth were examined using T test and Chi square. In logistic regression model, the effect of SSC and conventional care on outcomes of the study was analysed by adjusting of potential confounders like mother's age, education level, occupation, number of parity, and newborn gender.
The battle of Mosul was characterized by the use of improvised explosive devices, human shields and suicide bombers in an urban setting. It is unclear whether this type of warfare cause more extensive abdominal injuries to civilians than combatants. All patients admitted with penetrating abdominal injury subjected to an exploratory laparotomy at Emergency Hospital, Erbil, between October 17, 2016 and July 16, 2017 will be included. Differences in demographics, injury mechanism, time since injury, clinical status on arrival, intraoperative findings, postoperative complications and outcome will be studied.
The aim of this study is to assess the impact and feasibility of an interdisciplinary group treatment approach, involving psychotherapy and physiotherapy, with survivors of torture that are incarcerated in a prison in Kurdistan, Iraq. The primary aim is to develop initial estimates of treatment effects on symptoms and poor functioning consistent with centralized pain and post-traumatic stress disorder, anxiety, and/or depression. The secondary aim is to assess the feasibility of studying this interdisciplinary treatment program in which local Kurdish psychotherapists and physiotherapists provide a 10-week intervention in a prison, in the Kurdish Sorani language, and to Kurdish participants that present with mental health symptoms, physical complaints, and poor functioning