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NCT ID: NCT03588520 Recruiting - Hypertension Clinical Trials

Home Blood Pressure (HBP)-Guided Management of Hypertension in Stage 3-4 CKD

Start date: June 2, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

It is estimated that over 25% of the world's population had hypertension in the year 2000 and that this proportion will reach 30% in the year 2025. With the introduction of the 2017 Guideline for High Blood Pressure in Adults from the American College of Cardiology and the American Heart Association Task Force on Clinical Practice Guidelines, the definition of hypertension became broader and as a result the prevalence is expected to further increase. On the other hand, it is estimated that around 10% of the world's population is affected by chronic kidney disease (CKD) with hypertension being both cause and complication of CKD. It is obvious that hypertension and CKD are interconnected and are both major risk factors for cardiovascular disease (CVD). Hypertension results in increased CVD risk both directly, as an independent factor, and indirectly via its negative impact on renal function. In fact, the deterioration of the renal function is proportional to the degree of hypertension. On the other hand, the more advanced the CKD is, the more challenging the management of hypertension becomes, as patients with CKD present altered patterns of blood pressure (BP) during the day and, additionally, the prevalence of white coat and masked hypertension is significantly higher in this group of patients. To date, hypertensive patients are treated according to the BP recordings that are obtained in the office (OBP) during routine patient visits, which leads to inaccurate estimates of the true burden of hypertension and also affects the efficacy of the therapeutic intervention. It has been suggested that self measured BP (HBP) is a more accurate estimate of the patients' daytime BP compared to the conventional office BP measurements. This has been already confirmed in studies regarding the general population and it has been suggested that the same applies to the patients with CKD. This study aims to check the validity of this hypothesis by comparing the effect of the HBP - guided management versus the conventional OBP - guided management on the 24 hour ambulatory BP monitoring of patients with uncontrolled hypertension and CKD stage 3 and 4.

NCT ID: NCT03573999 Not yet recruiting - Brain Edema Clinical Trials

Effect of Mannitol 20% Versus Hypertonic Saline 7.5% in Brain Metabolism and Oxygenation

Start date: June 20, 2018
Phase: Phase 4
Study type: Interventional

Usage of osmotic agents is a standard practice in neuroanesthesia since cerebral edema is a very common situation for patients with pathology in the brain. Cerebral edema is defined as the accumulation of fluid in the intracellular or extracellular compartments of the brain. Among other situations that have nothing to do with the brain, a supratentorial pathology such as a tumor, traumatic injury or an aneurysm, will lead to disruption of blood-brain barrier, and energy crisis of the cells that will cause mainly vasogenic and cytotoxic cerebral edema. The most common monitoring method for "measuring" cerebral edema is ICP (intracranial pressure) in which normal values are (with differences in the bibliography) 10-15 mmHg. The osmotic agents used most in neuroanesthesia are mannitol 20% and hypertonic NaCl 7.5% or 3%. Their brain relaxation effectiveness is supposed to be quite the same between the two different agents. Their main difference is that mannitol induces diuresis. Also, electrolyte disorders are another possibility after mannitol infusion. On the other hand, NaCl 7.5% causes vasodilation, does not induce diuresis and hemodynamically, even though it reduces SBP, it raises CO because of its excessive vasodilation. But both reduce cerebral edema due to the change of osmotic pressure in the vessels, that leads to extracting water from brain cells. A supratentorial craniotomy is de facto worsening the oxygenation and metabolism condition of the surgical site, adding to the problem the intracranial pathology causes in the first place. So if oxygen provided is low and the metabolic rate is high, the rate of anaerobic metabolism will raise. Measuring the oxygen in the jugular bulb is the most reliable monitoring method of cerebral oxygenation and metabolism. It becomes evident that optimization of cerebral oxygenation during a craniotomy will possibly affect the outcome of a patient, by improving it. So, if any superiority of one osmotic agent over the other could be demonstrated this will be very helpful in the decision making in routine clinical practice.

NCT ID: NCT03573869 Recruiting - Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Trials

Atrial FIbrillation Treatment With Cryoballoon in Heart failurE (AFICHE)

Start date: June 1, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

In this study 404 patients with heart failure and an ejection fraction of 0.40 or less, with paroxysmal atrial fibrillation, will be randomly assigned to standard treatment or standard treatment plus a session of cryoballoon ablation (left atrial balloon cryoablation for pulmonary vein isolation). All patients with either have an ICD or CRT-D/P device implanted or an implantable electrocardiographic monitoring device. The primary study endpoint will be the time to AF burden exceeding 1% over any 30-day period (calculated as the ratio of time spent in AF over total time).16 This AF burden corresponds to 7.2 hours per month. A powered secondary endpoint will be the time to the composite of all-cause mortality and unplanned hospitalization for heart failure.

NCT ID: NCT03568318 Not yet recruiting - Atopic Dermatitis Clinical Trials

A Study to Evaluate Upadacitinib in Combination With Topical Corticosteroids in Adolescent and Adult Participants With Moderate to Severe Atopic Dermatitis

Start date: June 26, 2018
Phase: Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of upadacitinib combined with topical corticosteroids (TCS) for the treatment of adolescent and adult participants with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (AD) who are candidates for systemic therapy.

NCT ID: NCT03568097 Not yet recruiting - Clinical trials for Small Cell Lung Carcinoma

Immunotherapy in Combination With Chemotherapy in Small-cell Lung Cancer

Start date: June 2018
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

PAVE(Phased Avelumab combined with chemotherapy as first-line treatment for patients with advanced small-cell lung cancer) is a Greek, investigator- initiated, single arm open- label phase II study of Avelumab in combination with cisplatin or carboplatin/ etoposide. The study will include an initial safety run-in, open-label, singlearm part (Part 1), and the actual phase II study (Part 2). The total number of patients will not change (the safety run-in patients will be included in the final total number of participants). The safety run-in period will not alter the total study timelines, as phase II accrual will follow immediately after the safety run-in.

NCT ID: NCT03567421 Recruiting - Stone, Kidney Clinical Trials

Ureteral Stenting After Ureteroscopy for Stone Treatment, A Global Perspective on Indications and Outcomes

Start date: June 7, 2018
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

Background: The exit strategy after ureteroscopy for stone treatment remains a topic for discussion. Current EAU guidelines on urolithiasis state that postoperative stenting is indicated in patients at increased risk of postoperative complications. Stenting is not considered necessary in all other cases, and after uncomplicated procedures. Objective: To analyse the postoperative ureteral stenting strategy in clinical practice looking at the indication, type of stents used and the duration of stenting after ureteroscopy for stone treatment. Furthermore, the investigators will examine in what setting the stents are being removed postoperatively. Study design: This study is a prospective, observational, international, multicentre registry study executed by uCARE. Study population: All patients >18 years with a ureter or renal stone who are planned for ureteroscopic treatment by semi-rigid and/or flexible ureteroscopy are eligible for this study.

NCT ID: NCT03566537 Recruiting - Quality of Life Clinical Trials

Alterations in Quality of Life After Thyroidectomy for Benign Thyroid Disease

Start date: June 11, 2018
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

To detect any changes in Quality of Life in patients with benign thyroid diseases who undergo thyroidectomy compared to patients with benign thyroid diseases and conservative treatment and healthy subjects.

NCT ID: NCT03563586 Recruiting - Colorectal Cancer Clinical Trials

Mechanical Bowel Preparation With or Without Oral Antibiotics for Colorectal Cancer Surgery

Start date: April 1, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Investigation of the role of adding oral antibiotics to preoperative mechanical bowel preparation before colorectal surgery for cancer.

NCT ID: NCT03560804 Completed - Arterial Stiffness Clinical Trials

Use of Impedance Cardiography and Applanation Tonometry for Prediction of the Antihypertensive Effect of Two Drugs

Start date: November 10, 2014
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The principal aim of the study is to determine whether the hemodynamic parameters measured with the two methods -impedance cardiography and applanation tonometry- can be predictive of the antihypertensive effect of two different classes of drugs, ATII antagonists and diuretics. The drugs that will be used in the study are olmesartan and chlorthalidone and the duration of the study is 12 months. The other basic aim of the study is to determine whether there is a difference (>6mmHg) between the two drugs regarding the reduction of the mean 24hour blood pressure and the effect of them on the hemodynamic parameters. The hemodynamic parameters that will be measured by applanation tonometry are augmentation index, central blood pressure and pulse wave velocity. The hemodynamic parameters that will be measured by impedance cardiography are cardiac index, thoracic fluid content index, systemic vascular resistance index and others.

NCT ID: NCT03558152 Recruiting - Ulcerative Colitis Clinical Trials

A Study to Evaluate the Efficacy, Safety, and Pharmacokinetics of UTTR1147A Compared With Placebo and With Vedolizumab in Participants With Moderate to Severe Ulcerative Colitis (UC)

Start date: July 31, 2018
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

This study is designed to evaluate the efficacy, safety, and pharmacokinetics of UTTR1147A compared with vedolizumab and with placebo in the treatment of participants with moderate to severe UC. This study will consist of two parts, Part A and Part B. Part A will test the induction of clinical remission and Part B will test the durability of clinical remission.