There are about 127 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Ethiopia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The need for leading people, managing work, and governing organizations never changed over the civilization paths of society. However, people in every pole of the globe observe: over-led and under-managed, over-managed and under-governed, and even out of these organizations. These disparities have remained worse in the health system of developing countries like Ethiopia. To date, Ethiopia put a goal of ending preventable child and maternal death, in achieving universal healthcare by 2035. Nevertheless, the investment on integrated leadership, management and governance is limited. Therefore, this study hypothesize that maternity health services are expressively linked with integrated health system leading, managing and governing for results model among health facilities staff in northwest Ethiopia?
Poor dietary intake affects maternal wellbeing, fetal growth, and development. However, many pregnant women in Ethiopia have a poor dietary intake. To improve the dietary intake of pregnant women, nutrition education is often given at the community level during a home visit and at the health institution during antenatal care. Yet, there is no evidence on the effect of nutrition education on dietary intake, nutritional status, and birth weight in the study area. Hence, the objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of guided counseling in improving dietary practice, nutritional status and birth weight of the pregnant women. A two-arm parallel cluster randomized community trial will be conducted among pregnant women in West Gojjam Zone, Amhara region, Ethiopia from May to December 2018. Baseline data on dietary practice and nutritional status of pregnant women will be collected from May to July 20/2018 (10weeks). Endline data will be collected from October to December 30. Guided counseling using health belief model and theory of planned behavior will be implemented in the intervention arm (11 clusters) for 10 months. Pregnant women will be selected using a cluster sampling method. A validated interviewer-administered structured questionnaire will be used for collecting data on the study subjects both at the baseline and after the intervention. Data will be checked, coded and double entered into Epi-Info version 7.2.2 and exported to SPSS version 23 for statistical analysis. The outcome of the study finding will be useful for health and nutrition policymakers and other concerned bodies in decision making and to design effective intervention strategies to improve dietary practices of pregnant women as a result to prevent malnutrition. 19,553 US dollar is needed to conduct the study.
In Ethiopia, great majorities (95%) of households rely on solid biomass fuels such as wood, muck, crop residues, and charcoal burned in highly polluting stoves to meet the basic household energy needs with its severe health consequences due to emission of toxic indoor air pollutants. Correspondingly, household air pollution (HAP) from biomass fuel use is now estimated to be responsible for nearly 3.5 million premature deaths annually, with the highest disease burdens experienced by countries in sub-Saharan Africa. HAP ranks as the highest environmental risk factors to premature deaths globally and 2nd leading risk factor next to childhood underweight in most of sub-Saharan Africa countries as well as 3rd leading risk factor of disease next to childhood underweight, and suboptimal breastfeeding in Ethiopia. Usually prevention efforts aimed at reducing HAP and related health burdens have been focused on the use of energy efficient cookstoves. There is, however, rigorous lack of evidence in Ethiopia or in other similar settings whether it is possible to achieve adequate HAP reduction and improve health with locally made energy efficient baking stoves from a public health point of view. Particularly, the popular Ethiopian energy efficient "Injera" baking stove has not been researched through stove trial inquiry. Therefore, research studies are required in Ethiopia on health benefits achieved when households adopt energy efficient baking stoves. In view of that, cluster randomized controlled trial will be employed with experimental study design for one year to test the effectiveness of the Ethiopian improved "Injera" baking stove intervention on reducing HAP and childhood acute respiratory infection (ARI) through comparing equal size groups of children before and after part of households received an improved "Injera" baking stove. Accordingly, the proposed stove trial aims to address an important research gap by determining whether the Ethiopian improved "Injera" baking biomass stove intervention can adequately reduce HAP exposure to prevent childhood acute respiratory infection. With this objective, the proposed stove trial will test the hypothesis that there is a statistically significant difference in HAP levels and incidence of childhood ARI when using traditional versus improved "Injera" baking stove in Northwest Ethiopia
To assess the impact of WFP's Fresh Food Voucher Pilot Programme in Ethiopia on children's and mother's diets
This study is investigating whether use of postpartum family planning (PPFP) increases if messages on PPFP and, if desired, PPFP services are integrated into as many contacts as possible between women/couples and the health system during pregnancy and the first year after birth. Health system contacts may be at health facilities (including antenatal, labor and delivery, postnatal, and child immunization visits) or, with Ethiopia's Health Extension Program, at households or health posts in the community.
To provide real world data on patient characteristics, disease management, healthcare utilization, and outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes and established micro- and/or macrovascular disease
The study population consists of all households residing in eligible kebeles (sub-districts) within districts in Amhara National Regional State which are identified as having a high prevalence of trachoma and infection measured from recent trachoma impact assessments. Within each study kebele, one village will be randomly selected to serve as the sentinel study site for that kebele. Once these villages are chosen, the study team will use government-provided census records, or perform a census in each village, and will randomly choose 50 children to serve as the sentinel children for the study. After the baseline visit, all kebeles will be randomized into one of the two treatment arms to either receive standard-or-care treatment, which is an annual community-wide mass drug administration (MDA), or the enhanced antibiotic treatment. Recruitment will take place at the selected children's household. Oral informed consent will be sought from village leader/chairmen before surveys are conducted in a village. Oral informed consent will then be obtained from household heads of those houses included in the study; and then from each participating individual. Oral consents will be obtained given the low literacy rates in rural Amhara. Data collection will occur at baseline, week 4, month 12, and month 24 in both arms of the study. A head of household will be asked a series of household level questions, which will be followed by a household-level census, where all consenting participants residing in the selected households will have their eyes examined for trachoma signs. This is a non-invasive procedure whereby a trained trachoma grader flips each eyelid and examines for trachoma signs. Lastly, the selected child and one randomly selected adult will have their right eye lid swabbed for evidence of trachoma infection. The total estimated respondent burden is 30 to 45 minutes.
The implementation research project aims to develop and evaluate models for scaling up KMC in health facilities across India and Ethiopia and thereby develop effective approaches to achieve high population coverage
Child under nutrition is a major risk factor for ill health and mortality, contributes substantially to the burden of disease in low-income and middle-income countries and is associated with close to half of all child deaths. The prevalence of both underweight and stunting is highest in Africa and South-Central Asia. Ethiopia is one of the poorest countries in Sub- Saharan Africa, and child malnutrition is a serious public health problem where the rates for stunting (40%), underweight (25%) and wasting (9%) among children under 5 years are among the highest in the world. Globally, about 40% of child mortality less than two years is associated with inappropriate feeding practices. Optimal breastfeeding and appropriate complementary feeding could prevent 13% and 6% under-five mortality, respectively. Over two third of malnutrition is associated with inappropriate feeding practices during the first year of life. The first two years of life provides a critical window of opportunity for ensuring appropriate growth and development of children from generation to generation through optimal feeding. Hence, the objective of this study to evaluate the effectiveness of behavior change communication on optimal complementary feeding through community level actors in improving feeding practice, health and nutritional status of infants. A cluster-randomized controlled trial which was conducted in West Gojjam Zone, Northwest Ethiopia from May 9, 2016 to October, 2017. Behavior change communication on complementary feeding was conducted in the intervention kebeles/villages for 8 months. A validated interviewer administered structured questionnaire was used for collecting information on the study subjects both at the baseline and after intervention. Data will be checked, coded and double entered using EPI info and exported to SPSS version 21 for statistical analysis. The output of the study findings could be useful for health and nutrition policy makers and other concerned bodies in decision making and to design effective intervention strategies to improve feeding practices thus mitigating child malnutrition and improving their health and growth. The total budget needed to conduct the study is 7,000 US dollar.
Soil-transmitted helminths (STHs) are a group of parasitic worms that infect millions of children in sub-tropical and tropical countries, resulting in malnutrition, growth stunting, intellectual retardation and cognitive deficits. To control the morbidity due to these worms, school-based deworming programs are implemented, in which anthelminthic drugs are administered to children without prior diagnosis. The continued fight against these worms is aided by the London declaration on neglected tropical diseases, which helps sustain and expand global drug donation program, resulting in an unprecedented growth of deworming programs. However, the high degree of drug pressure makes deworming programs vulnerable to the development of anthelmintic resistance because they only rely on one drug with sometimes suboptimal efficacy and there is no availability of alternative drugs. Moreover, at present, there is no surveillance system to monitor the emergence and spread of anthelmintic resistance. It remains unclear to what extent the efficacy of drugs may have dropped and whether anthelmintic resistance is already present. This project aims to strengthen the monitoring and surveillance of drug efficacy and anthelmintic resistance in STH programs. As such, it will support deworming programs in their quest to eliminate STHs as a public health problem. The specific objectives of the first work package are to validate diagnostic tools to monitor drug efficacy and the spread of anthelmintic resistance, and to validate molecular markers for benzimidazole resistance. This study will be conducted at four different sites (Ethiopia, Tanzania, Lao PDR and Brazil) and will focus on school-aged children (age 5-14). At baseline subjects will be asked to provide a recent stool sample which will be processed using 3 different microscopic techniques (KK, Mini-Flotac and FECPAKG2). All children will be treated with a single-oral dose of albendazole (ALB) 400 mg and 14-21 days after treatment, a second stool sample will be collected from all children to again determine the fecal egg counts. At each sampling, stool is stored in preservative. Stored stool will be shipped to Belgium for DNA extraction and quantitative PCR (qPCR) analysis. A subset of the samples will be analysed by pyrosequencing to evaluate the single nucleotide polymorphisms in the b-tubulin gene. Pooling of the stored samples will also be performed to compare with the values obtained from analysing individual samples.