There are about 2006 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Egypt. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
The prevalence of urolithiasis is steadily increasing with an estimation of 1 out of 11 people in the United States. The prevalence of calculi in Afro-Asian region including Arab Republic of Egypt ranges from 4% to 20%. Ureteroscopy is one of the first line treatments for definitive management of ureteric stones. Conventional ureteroscopy relies on intraoperative fluoroscopy for visualization and guidance, exposing the patient, surgeon and operating room staff to ionizing radiation. To minimize the hazards of ionizing radiation there has been a trend toward radiation free alternative imaging modalities . Ultrasound provides an excellent alternative for upper urinary tract imaging because it is radiation free, rapid, portable and allows excellent visualization of the renal pelvis and calyces. There is increasing awareness and concern about the clinical use of ionizing radiation and the need to decrease exposure of patients and medical professionals. Ultrasound guided ureteroscopy in pregnant females and children- in whom fluoroscopy is to be minimized or avoided when possible - has been reported.
The presence of an adnexal mass is a frequent reason for a woman to be referred to a gynaecologist. The discrimination between benign and malignant adnexal masses is central to decisions regarding clinical management and surgical planning in such patients. Patients with malignant tumours should be referred to a gynaecological oncologist, as the quality of cytoreductive surgery and surgical staging/lymph node dissection are important prognostic factors in ovarian cancer. These specialized surgical procedures require the specific skills and experience provided by gynaecologic oncology surgeons. Furthermore, appropriate and timely referral to a gynaecologic oncologist has been proven to increase survival in patients with ovarian cancer.Conversely, patients believed to have a benign mass requiring surgery are able to have this performed by a general gynaecologist. A standardized method for preoperative identification of probable malignant masses would allow optimization of first-line treatment for women with ovarian cancer. A risk of malignancy index would be valuable for the selective referral of relevant patients to specialized oncology centres. Currently, clinical examination, ultrasound assessment, and assays of tumour markers are part of the standard work-up for an adnexal mass. Although none of these indicators alone is very sensitive or specific for detecting malignancy, an index developed by Jacobs et al. incorporates information about the patient's menopausal status and serum Cancer antigen A-125 levels, and ultrasound characteristics of the mass to predict the risk of malignancy with greater sensitivity and specificity than any one factor alone.Some of the potential advantages of risk malignant index include rapid triage of patients through the referral system and fewer operations for benign masses being performed by gynaecologic oncologists.
The aim of current study is to compare the rates of IUCD expulsion and complications in immediate post-placental insertion versus delayed IUCD insertion (6-weeks after cesarean delivery)
The unbalanced estrogen with no progesterone will lead to endometrial thickening .This thickening result in endometrial hyperplasia & carcinoma and lead to irregular bleeding
The intrauterine device (IUD) is one of the most widely used reversible, long-term contraceptive methods in the world. But despite all its advantages; discontinuation rate of IUD ranged from 9.6% to 37.3 % (according to Demographic and Health Surveys data). In Egypt, in 2014, the discontinuation rate of IUD (within 12 months of use) was 14.3%.This study explores the differences around this rate in Egyptian university clinic and primary healthcare clinic with detailed percentages of possible causes.
To assess the relationship between serum endostatin (ES) and Coronary artery calcification (CAC) in type 2 diabetic (T2DM) patients.
This study compares L-arginine Versus Sildenafil as treatment for pulmonary hypertension in Children with Beta Thalassemia
Alpha-fetoprotein Levels on the Response to direct Antiviral Therapy in Patients with Chronic Hepatitis C
Evaluation the amount of bone height gained when using titanium mesh in closing the lateral window of the sinus compared to collagen membrane.Evaluation the quality of new bone gained when using of the titanium mesh to close the lateral window of the maxillary sinus as a new option for tenting compared to collagen membrane.
Breast cancer is a standout amongst the most widely recognized cancer among women. It is observed that upper extremity lymphedema is one of the most dangerous and prevalent complication following breast cancer surgery which prompts functional impairment, psychological disaster and social problems This study aimed to compare the effects of Kinesio taping and the pressure garment application on secondary lymphedema of the upper extremity and quality of life following mastectomy after breast cancer. Material and Methods: In this experimental study with pre and post-tests, 66 women with lymphedema following mastectomy were randomly allocated to Kinesio taping (KT) group (n=33) and pressure garment (PG) group (n=33). The KT group received Kinesio taping application, while the PG group received pressure garment (40-60 mmHg) for at least 15-18 hours per day through the study. All patients were evaluated to record the changes of the limb circumference, Shoulder Pain and Disability Index (SPADI), hand grip strength and quality of life at baseline and end of intervention.