There are about 17101 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Germany. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Background: Dynamic balance keeps the vertical projection of the center of mass within the base of support while the center of mass moves. The age-related decrease in dynamic balance is a risk factor for falls. Dynamic balance tests are used to predict the risks for falls and eventual falls but the psychometric properties of most tests assessing dynamic balance are unsatisfactory and comprise no actual loss of balance while walking. Objectives: Using beam walking distance as a measure of dynamic balance, we will determine the psychometric properties, lifespan and patient reference values, the relationship with selected 'dynamic balance tests', and the accuracy of beam walking distance to predict falls. Methods: This cross-sectional observational study will examine healthy adults in 7 decades (n=432) at 4 centers. Center 5 will examine patients (n=100) diagnosed with Parkinson's disease, multiple sclerosis, stroke, and balance disorders. At Test 1, all participants will be measured for demographics, medical history, grip and leg strength, short physical performance battery, static balance on a force platform, and dynamic balance using beam walking (4m-long, 4, 8, and 12 cm wide) under single (beam walking only) and dual task conditions (beam walking while concurrently performing an arithmetic task). In addition, cognitive function (global cognition, attention, executive function, processing speed, memory) will be assessed. Patients and healthy participants age 50+ will be additionally measured for fear of falling, history of falls, miniBESTest, functional reach on a force platform, timed up and go, and reactive balance. At Test 2, 7-10 days after Test 1, healthy adults young and age 50+ (n=40) will be re-tested for reliability of beam walking performance. All participants age 50+ will be re-called to report fear of falling and fall history 6 and 12 months after Test 1. Conclusion: The investigators expect to find that beam walking performance vis-à-vis the traditionally used balance outcomes predicts more accurately fall risks and falls.
Concentrations of micronutrients (especially purine and pyrimidine) in cord blood, blood of mothers and infants and human milk is studied
Central sleep apnoea (CSA) is common in patients with chronic systolic heart failure (HFrEF). Various trials have shown a prevalence of 21 - 37% in this group of people. Up to 66% of patients with CSA and HFrEF present with periodic breathing (PB), which is considered being a marker of HF severity and poor prognosis. Brack et al. summarized data from cohorts, longitudinal studies and retrospective analyses showing an independently increased risk of death in HF patients with PB (HR 2.1-5.7 in five of seven studies). Furthermore, PB in HF patients is known to reduce quality of life and exercise performance and to increase sympathetic nerve activity as well as the probability of malignant cardiac arrhythmias. The pathogenesis of PB is characterized by an instability of ventilatory drive. The level of carbon dioxide (CO2) in blood and cerebrospinal fluid correlates linearly with minute ventilation. A high level of CO2 increases ventilation while hypocapnia dampens it. This control theory is based on the loop gain (LG), which represents the sensitivity and reactivity of the ventilatory system and comprises three components: The plant gain defines the capacity of the system to change PaCO2 in response to a change in ventilation (metabolic response). It is influenced by the lung volume as well as the anatomy of the thorax and the upper airways. The feedback gain is defined by the chemoreceptor responsiveness in reaction to blood gas changes. The controller gain is represented by the respiratory control center in the brain stem and defines the capacity of the system to change ventilation in response to a change in PaCO2 (ventilatory response). Sands et al. proposed and validated a mathematical model based on the ventilatory cycle pattern that quantifies the feedback loop. The ratio of ventilatory and cycle duration within the PB pattern is defined as the duty ratio (DR), which is the basis to calculate the LG. Any temporary breathing disturbance causing a PB pattern with a LG < 1 stabilizes within a few breathing cycles. A LG > 1 represents an unstable ventilatory response and slight changes of CO2 are accompanied by overshooting and undershooting of the ventilation. In that case, the polysomnography shows the typical pattern of waxing and waning of the tidal volume and effort. HF patients typically present with an increased LG due to an impaired left ventricular function and a hyperstimulation of pulmonary vagal receptors. Furthermore, Khoo showed an increased chemosensitivity (controller gain) as well as a decreased ventilatory capacity (plant gain) in this group of people. Sands and colleagues characterized PB considering the mean LG derived from several ventilatory cycles during non-REM sleep. This retrospective study of PB in HFrEF patients addresses the following questions: 1. Is a single LG value appropriate to characterize the individual PB? 2. Does the LG depend on sleep stage and body position? 3. Does the intraindividual LG variability allow for the discrimination of different PB phenotypes and, if so, do these phenotypes differ in further characteristics?
This investigation aims to confirm the safety and effectiveness of Princess VOLUME PLUS Lidocaine in midface volume deficit augmentation and includes a long term safety followup.
This study will investigate in healthy subjects (i) the effect of omeprazole (proton pump inhibitor) co-administration on the single dose PK of tepotinib under fed conditions, and (ii) the effect of food on the single dose PK of tepotinib after co-administration of omeprazole and tepotinib. Furthermore, the study will assess the safety and tolerability of tepotinib alone and upon co-administration of omeprazole.
The objectives of this prospective crossover, open-label, nonrandomized study are to estimate effect sizes of vasodilatation and sense of warmth after application of topical rosemary essential oil in patients suffering from systemic sclerosis.
The curcuminoids curcumin, demethoxycurcumin and bisdemethoxycurcumin can be found in the rhizome of turmeric (Curcuma longa). Curcumin is widespread used for colouring foods. Based on its natural low bioavailability and the number of its effects on human health, several approaches such as increasing its water solubility or inhibiting its metabolism were taken to improve its bioavailability. Pharmacokinetics of curcumin from various supplements using those different mechanisms have been compared to the one of native curcumin. The investigator's study here will compare the bioavailability of curcumin from eight different curcumin formulations with native curcumin and between themselves. The study will folllow a single dose (in form of curcumin formulations, normalized to 240 mg curcumin), placebo-controlled, randomized, double-blind, nine-armed crossover study design with ≥ 1-week washout periods. Plasma samples will be collected at intervals up to 24 hours after intake. Investigators will compare the pharmacokinetics between the different curcumin formulations and to native curcumin.
This is a controlled, open-label, randomized phase- II trial (1:1 randomization) investigating 5-FU + aflibercept and 5-FU + oxaliplatin in elderly and frail elderly patients with mCRC scheduled to receive first line treatment.
A prospective, single arm, multicenter, Phase II-Trial to assess safety and efficacy of preoperative Radiation therapy before radical CystEctomy combined with ImmunoTherapy in locally advanced urothelial carcinoma of the bladder
The aim of this clinical trial is to investigate the efficacy (by monitoring overall improvement of EB symptoms) and safety (by monitoring adverse events) of three doses of allo-APZ2-EB administered intravenously to patients with recessive dystrophic epidermolysis bullosa (RDEB).