There are about 1155 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Colombia. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
Haemolytic uremic syndrome (HUS) is defined by the presence of the classic triad of non-immune microangiopathic hemolytic anemia (negative direct Coombs), thrombocytopenia and acute renal failure. Histological lesions of HUS are characterized by a systemic thrombotic microangiopathy (TMA), which mainly affects the renal vessels, with wall thickening, thrombosis and obstruction of the vascular lumen. Atypical HUS (aHUS) is a subtype of HUS in the TMA phenomena that results from the loss of regulation of the alternative complement pathway on cell surfaces and is generally considered to be from a genetic cause. Approximately 10% of HUS cases are classified as atypical HUS, which are associated with a more adverse prognosis, with a mortality rate up to 25% and progression to end stage renal disease in more than 50% of cases.
In Bogotá, Colombia, the Fundación Cadioinfantil performed a randomized and controlled community trial, to evaluate the impact of a pedagogical intervention (PI) on cardiovascular health towards an active lifestyle and healthy eating in 9 schools of the city, including children from kindergarten to second grade of elementary school, their parents and teachers.
Eculizumab is a humanized monoclonal IgG antibody against protein C5 that works to inhibit the activation of the terminal complement cascade. The Eculizumab is currently FDA approved for the treatment of Paroxysmal nocturnal hemoglobinuria and atypical hemolytic uremic syndrome (aHUS) and has been shown to improve the quality of life and overall survival in these patients. aHUS is a life-threatening disease of complement mediated thrombotic microangiopathy often triggered by an inciting event, such as an infection or immunocompromised state. Pregnancy has also been identified as an inciting event, with patients most often experiencing aHUS in the postpartum period. Due to its rare nature, pregnancy-associated aHUS is often mistaken for preeclampsia or hemolysis, elevated liver enzyme, low platelet (HELLP) syndrome. As standard treatment for preeclampsia and HELLP syndrome is completion of the pregnancy by expediting delivery of the baby. A missed diagnosis of aHUS can result in delays in treatment, including use of Eculizumab when appropriate; such delay can increase the risk of maternal morbidity and mortality. When aHUS is suspected in the postpartum period, Eculizumab could be initiated early; however, there is limited data on use of Eculizumab in this setting.
Kangaroo position (KP), the essential component of the Kangaroo Mother Care (KMC) method, has been increasingly implemented, given the benefits of early skin-to-skin contact on the cerebral maturation of preterm infants. In addition it allows for parents to bond with their infants and humanize the care of fragile infants in neonatal units. Evidence on kinesthetic stimulation (KS) is scarce and currently there is no available evidence on KS during the KP. KS is associated with massage in this paper
Purpose of the trial: Evaluate the efficacy and safety of the device of self-invention of continuous oropharyngeal aspiration denominated "SUPRAtube" in patients with orotracheal intubation and mechanical ventilation.
Purpose of the trial: Trial design: Two-parallel arm, double-blind, individually randomized controlled trial. Primary endpoint: Clinical evaluation of sinus, oropharyngeal, tracheal, bronchial or pulmonary infections during orotracheal intubation and hospital admission. Secondary endpoints: Volume of oropharyngeal secretions aspirated per unit of time (for 24 hours) by the SupraTube and Complications during the use of the SupraTube device: erosions, lacerations, Bleeding, displacement, migration, need for withdrawal. Inclusion criteria: - Adult patient - Orotracheal intubation ≤ 72 hours - Hospitalized in ICU - integrity of upper airways Exclusion criteria: - International patients - Coagulopathic patients - oncology patients - patients with maxillofacial surgery - Absence of close responsible family member - Tracheostomy, shock, local or systemic non-controlled infection Trial treatment: Intervention: Aspiration of secretions with the supranav device Control: Usual respiratory care Expected sample size, enrollment and expected number of centers: Sample size = 108 Recruitment start date: Recruitment end date: Follow-up end date: Number of centers: 2 Statistical considerations: - Intention to treat analysis - The primary outcomes will be analyzed using
Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness, safety and level of satisfaction of parents and healthcare team with one innovative device for phototherapy to which a LED light mesh has been incorporated(a sleeping bag), comparing it with conventional hospital phototherapy. Methods: randomized controlled clinical trial with newborns more than 2000 g of birth weight hospitalized requiring phototherapy. The study protocol was evaluated and accepted by the San Ignacio Hospital and "Pontificia Universidad Javeriana" research committee. Informed consent was requested from parents and the authors declared no conflict of interest. Sample size and allocation: using the STATA 12 program, a sample size of 58 patients was calculated, 29 for each group, with significance level of 0.05, power of 80% and difference in bilirubin decreasing of at least 0,1 mg/dl/h with standard deviation of 0.14 mg/dl/h. A computer program randomized the allocation to the intervention and the concealment of the assignment was through sealed opaque envelopes. Bilirubin levels were taken at the start of phototherapy. Controls were at the beginning, every 8 hours and every 12 hours at the time of bilirubin stabilization in the case of hemolysis, or every 24 hours depending on risk factors. Axillary temperature was measured at the beginning of phototherapy, at 30 min, 60 min, 120 min and every 24 hours during intervention. Physical examination and daily water balance were performed. Parents and health personnel answered a survey on comfort and perceptions with the use of the devices at the end of phototherapy. Analysis: Comparison of means was made for the decrease of bilirubin levels and body temperatures and chi-square for incidence of side effects and results of the survey.
The objective of this study is to assess the efficacy and safety of upadacitinib for the treatment of adolescent and adult participants with moderate to severe atopic dermatitis (AD) who are candidates for systemic therapy.
Objective: to evaluate the effectiveness, safety and level of satisfaction of parents and healthcare team with one innovative device for phototherapy to which a LED light mesh has been incorporated(a blanket), comparing it with the Ohmeda BiliBlanket Plus®. Methods: randomized controlled clinical trial with preterm or low birth weight infants requiring phototherapy. The study protocol was evaluated and accepted by the San Ignacio Hospital and "Pontificia Universidad Javeriana" research committee. Informed consent was requested from parents and the authors declared no conflict of interest. Sample size and allocation: using the STATA 12 program, a sample size of 64 patients was calculated(5% losses), 32 for each group, with significance level of 0.05, power of 80% and difference in bilirubin decreasing of at least 0,1 mg/dl/h with standard deviation of 0.14 mg/dl/h. A computer program randomized the allocation to the intervention and the concealment of the assignment was through sealed opaque envelopes. Seric bilirubin levels were taken at the start and at the end of phototherapy. Controls were done every 2 hours with the Bilicheck spectrophotometer device. Axillary temperature was measured at the beginning of phototherapy, at 30 min, 60 min, and every 2 hours during intervention. Physical examination and recording of side effects related were performed. Parents and health personnel answered a survey on comfort and perceptions with the use of the devices at the end of phototherapy. Analysis: Comparison of means was made for the decrease of bilirubin levels and body temperatures and chi-square for incidence of side effects and results of the survey.
Background: Preterm birth has major medical, psychological and socio-economic consequences worldwide. A recent systematic review suggests positive effects of music therapy (MT) on physiological measures of preterm infants and maternal anxiety, but methodologically rigorous studies including long-term follow-up of infant and parental outcomes are missing. Drawing upon caregivers' inherent resources, this study emphasizes caregiver involvement in MT to promote attuned, developmentally-appropriate musical interactions that may be of mutual benefit to infant and parent. This study will determine whether MT, as delivered by a qualified music therapist during neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) hospitalization and/or in home/municipal settings following discharge, is superior to standard care in improving bonding between primary caregivers and preterm infants, parent well-being and infant development. Methods: Design: International multi-center, assessor-blind, 2x2 factorial, pragmatic randomized controlled trial. A feasibility study has been completed; ethical approval for the main trial is pending. Participants: 250 preterm infants and their parents. Intervention: MT focusing on singing specifically tailored to infant responses, will be delivered during NICU and/or during a post-discharge 6-month period. Primary outcome: Changes in mother-infant bonding until 6 months corrected age (CA), as measured by the Postpartum Bonding Questionnaire. Secondary outcomes: Mother-infant bonding at discharge and over 12 months CA; child development over 24 months; and parental depression, anxiety, and stress, and infant re-hospitalization, all over 12 months. Discussion: This study fills a gap by measuring the long-term impact of MT for preterm infants/caregivers, and of MT beyond the hospital context. Outcomes related to highly involving parents in MT will directly inform the development of clinical practice in Scandinavia and other contexts with similar social welfare practices. By incorporating family-centered care, continuity of care, user involvement, and cultural relevance, this study can potentially contribute to improved quality of care for premature infants and their parents worldwide.