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NCT ID: NCT03846154 Completed - Clinical trials for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Reintegrating Children Living at Landfills in Burundi Into Society by Means of a Comprehensive Family Program Addressing Maltreatment and Mental Health Symptoms

Start date: March 1, 2018
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Children living at the landfills of Bujumbura are often exposed to maltreatment, including emotional neglect and physical abuse, and traumatic experiences. Furthermore, they grow up in severe poverty. Addressing trauma-related mental health issues and aggressive behaviour by Narrative Exposure Therapy (FORNET), familial communication by family visits, interaction difficulties of children by a group intervention, poverty by financial support and economic training for mothers, medical problems by medical assistance, legal conflicts by legal advice, and providing access to school, we aimed at reintegrating those children within the Burundian school system and improving familial relationships. The investigators want to provide evidence, that mental health interventions are an integral part of assisting children and families affected by poverty and violence.

NCT ID: NCT03498482 Completed - Clinical trials for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Adressing PTSD Symptoms and Aggressive Behavior in Vulnerable Children in Burundi

Start date: March 15, 2017
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Children either living in the streets of Bujumbara or that are similarly affected by extreme poverty or violence are regularly exposed to traumatic events. Additionally, they often find themselves in situations where engaging in violent behavior appears to be useful or even necessary for survival. The Narrative Exposure Therapy for violent offenders (FORNET) aims to reduce both PTSD symptoms and aggressive behavior. It helps the children to anchor fearful experiences and potential positive emotions linked to violent behaviour in the past. Additionally, visions for the future are developed in order to enable reintegration into the family. The investigators want to provide evidence, that FORNET effectively reduces PTSD symptoms and ongoing aggressive behavior which in change facilitates reintegration into society.

NCT ID: NCT03231449 Active, not recruiting - Stroke Clinical Trials

A Survey of Hospitalizations in Cardiology Units in Sub-Saharan Africa

FEVRIER
Start date: February 1, 2017
Phase:
Study type: Observational

FEVRIER study is an observatory of hospitalizations in cardiology units in sub-Saharan Africa.

NCT ID: NCT03044899 Completed - Surgery Clinical Trials

African Surgical Outcomes Study (ASOS)

ASOS
Start date: February 1, 2016
Phase: N/A
Study type: Observational [Patient Registry]

STUDY OBJECTIVE To confirm the incidence of in-hospital postoperative complications in adult surgical patients in Africa. STUDY DESIGN Seven day, African national multi-centre prospective observational cohort study of adult (≥18 years) patients undergoing surgery. Patients will be followed up for a maximum of 30 days. We will follow the original International Surgical Outcomes Study (ISOS) study design. The primary outcome is in-hospital postoperative complications in adult surgical patients in Africa. Secondary outcomes include in-hospital mortality and the relationship between postoperative complications and postoperative mortality. The intention is to present a representative sample of surgical outcomes across all African countries. This study will run between February and March 2016.

NCT ID: NCT02503488 Completed - Depression Clinical Trials

Decreasing Youth Involvement in Violence in Burundi

Start date: May 2015
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

The purpose of the current study is to examine the psychological well-being of youth within the context of participation in political violence during the 2015 election period in Burundi. In detail, the investigators are interested in fostering improved outcomes in a peace-building initiative aimed at youth in Burundi by reducing the mental health-related stress of the initiative's most severely affected participants. In addition, the investigators are interested in learning more about the youth experience of involvement in the Burundian political system in an effort to understand the links between youth engagement in political violence and past experiences of traumatic events.

NCT ID: NCT02242136 Completed - Clinical trials for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Treatment of Posttraumatic Stress Disorder and Aggressive Behavior in Soldiers and Ex-combatants

Start date: September 2014
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

Soldiers deployed in peace-keeping missions as well as ex-combatants in conflict or former conflict regions were and are often exposed to multiple traumatic events and situations in which they are forced to engage in violent behavior. The treatment program Formation, Orientation and Rehabilitation by means of Narrative Exposure Therapy (FORNET) is a short-term, culturally sensitive treatment approach that aims to reduce Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms as well as the risk to engage in uncontrolled violent behavior. Addressing trauma-related mental disorders as well as emotions related to aggression by means of FORNET is expected to facilitate reintegration in civil life and reduce uncontrolled violence. The investigators want to provide evidence, that FORNET is an effective and efficient module to assist soldiers after deployment in Somalia and/or male and female ex-combatants who fought in the civil war in Burundi. In addition the investigators aim to explore how traumatic incidences and maltreatment during childhood may influence treatment outcomes.

NCT ID: NCT02172066 Completed - Clinical trials for Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) for Victims of the Recent Flood Disaster in Burundi

Start date: June 2014
Phase: N/A
Study type: Interventional

In the aftermath of natural disasters, e.g., flood disasters, there is a great need for humanitarian assistance in the domain of psychological support. This is particularly true in post-conflict settings because people have suffered severely from multiple traumatic events and situations during their lives. The Narrative Exposure Therapy (NET) is a short-term, culturally sensitive treatment approach that aims to reduce Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) symptoms. The investigators want to provide evidence, that NET is an effective and efficient module to assist people in the aftermath of natural disasters using the example of the recent flood disaster in Burundi. In addition the investigators aim to explore, how traumatic incidences and maltreatment during childhood may influence treatment outcomes.

NCT ID: NCT01729325 Completed - Clinical trials for Post-traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)

Prevention of Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder in Soldiers

Start date: November 2012
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Soldiers in conflict or former conflict regions deployed in peace-keeping missions were and are often exposed to multiple traumatic events and situations in which they are forced to engage in violent behavior. The Preventive Narrative Exposure Therapy (Pre-NET) aims to reinforce resilience thereby reducing the risk of developing or aggravating PTSD or other mental disorders as a result of traumatic experiences. The effective prevention of mental disorders as a result of war deployment is expected to facilitate reintegration in civil life after deployment and reduce uncontrolled violence.

NCT ID: NCT01715922 Active, not recruiting - HIV Clinical Trials

Study Evaluating Efficiency and Tolerance of High-dose Fluconazole Associated With Flucytosine as Induction Therapy for Cryptococcal Meningitis Associated With HIV in Sub-saharan Africa

Flucocrypto
Start date: May 2012
Phase: Phase 2/Phase 3
Study type: Interventional

The aim of the trial is to demonstrate that in a sub-Saharan African setting, the association of: 1. Oral treatment : high dose of fluconazole (1600mg/d) associated with flucytosine (100 mg/kg/j) as induction therapy 2. lumbar punctures to control intracranial pressure can decrease mortality rate below 35% at 10 weeks. This is a non-randomized open label pilot study, with standardized management of cryptococcoses meningitis and follow-up in Burundi and Ivory Coast. A total of 41 patients will be enrolled.

NCT ID: NCT01519193 Completed - Clinical trials for Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Treatment of Aggressive Behavior and Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder

Start date: January 2011
Phase: Phase 2
Study type: Interventional

Street children and children of vulnerable families in conflict or former conflict regions are often exposed to multiple traumatic events and situations in which they are forced to engage in violent behavior. The Narrative Exposure Therapy for violent offenders (NETvo) aims to reduce both PTSD symptoms and aggressive behavior. It helps the children to anchor fearful experiences and positive emotions linked to violent behaviour in the past. Additionally, visions for the future are developed in order to foster successful reintegration into society.