There are about 4483 clinical studies being (or have been) conducted in Austria. The country of the clinical trial is determined by the location of where the clinical research is being studied. Most studies are often held in multiple locations & countries.
• Correlation of a glycoprotein panel with prostate biopsy outcome and PCa aggressiveness
Familial hypercholesterolemia (FH) is an inheritable, autosomal dominant disorder leading to pathologically increased levels of low-density-lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C). Dietary treatment remains an important tool in the management of affected children even after the decision for the initiation of pharmacotherapy is made. However, little evidence is available on the beneficial effects of diets low in saturated fat and cholesterol and diets enriched with soy in children affected with FH. Based on these previous findings we hypothesize that the LDL-C lowering effect of a fat-modified diet could be further increased by the addition of soy-protein in children affected with HeFH.
In this study, using 18F-FDG and Gd-DTPA PET/MRI, we are aiming to perform a dynamic PET/MRI imaging using 18F-FDG and Me4FDG for a group of type 2 diabetic patients scheduled for Glifozine therapy due to the bad metabolic control to assess changes in renal function before and 1 to 2 weeks after initiating therapy with Gliflozine. Furthermore we aim to study the temporal behavior of 18F-FDG and Me4FDG activity in certain kidney regions of the diabetic participants to estimate basic kidney parameters using time activity curve. Further, we intend to find a kinetic model that describes the behavior of glucose in each part of the kidney can be acquired mathematically and to find out whether conclusions about the glucose reabsorption capability of the kidney in diabetes can be achieved in general. In addition, we aim to simultaneously determine renal lesions as well as obstructions with the fused, high definition, and three dimensional images of the kidney and estimate kidney function parameters from the dynamic Gd-DTPA MRI scan and compare them to the kidney function determined with the kinetic model.
This project will investigate the duration of apnea without desaturation when using transnasal humidified rapid insufflation ventilatory exchange (THRIVE) vs. low flow nasal oxygen at anesthesia induction in obese patients.
The primary hypothesis in this trial is that the treatment with vericiguat 10 mg or 15 mg in patients with HFpEF improves the KCCQ PLS (Kansas City Cardiomyopathy Questionnaire Physical limitation score) compared to placebo after 24 weeks of treatment.
Often prosthesis users abandon their devices due to difficulties in prosthesis control and lack of motivation to train. To properly control a prosthesis, amputation patients must learn how to activate, isolate and sustain nerve signals to the muscles left at the stump. Results of clinical validations show that game-based training leads to an improvement in clinical parameters for prosthesis control and patient engagement.
BACKGROUND: Malignant tumors may lead to a catabolic state with loss of muscle and adipose tissue. The full picture of catabolism is termed cachexia and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality of cancer patients. Although the full picture is rarely observed up to 50% of children with cancer suffer from significant malnourishment. Additionally to tumor-induced catabolism, side-effects of chemotherapy may be problematic for the patients. In this regard up to 60% of children suffer from gastrointestinal mucositis presenting with nausea, vomiting, diarrhea or constipation and abdominal pain. In the worst case, mucositis may lead to bacterial translocation with life-threatening inflammatory response. Clinically this may require a reduction of the dosage or the number of chemotherapy cycles resulting in reduced effectivity. Up to now the therapy of mucositis is only symptomatic. Recent research of the applicant has shown a significant reduction of Lactobacilli in mice with neuroblastoma (a malignant childhood tumor). The dysbiosis was associated with catabolism, increased gut permeability and inflammation. Astonishingly, chemotherapy alone also leads to a significant reduction of Lactobacilli compared to sham mice, which may be linked to the development of mucositis clinically. Overall, the intestinal microbiome seems to play an essential role in the development of tumor-associated catabolism and chemotherapy-induced mucositis. AIM: The aim of this project is to determine if the changes in the intestinal microbiome observed in mice can also be seen in children with neuroblastoma. METHODS: One part of the study will include 10 children with neuroblastoma (inclusion after verification of the diagnosis) and 10 healthy controls. The fecal microbiome will be determined by 16S-rDNA pyrosequencing. Volatile organic compounds in the breath will be sampled and measured by Gas Chromatography/Mass Spectroscopy. A basic science human work package will address the question if there are differences. In the second part serial investigations in children with neuroblastoma will assess whether or not these patients show alterations of the intestinal microbiome under chemotherapy.
Hemophilia is an inherited disease caused by deficiency in varying degrees of clotting factors VIII and IX. Depending on the percentage of clotting factor in the blood the disease is categorized as "severe" (<1%, characterized by spontaneous bleedings), "moderate" (1-5%) and "mild" (>5%). If untreated, recurrent bleeding into the synovial joints often results in irreversible damage due to destruction of the cartilages and progressive joint impairment. 3d-gait analysis has been demonstrated as valid method to assess abnormal gait patterns and to monitor disease progression in patients with hemophilia (PWH). Furthermore, its outcomes facilitate the design of individually tailored therapeutic programs. In contrast to radiological examinations, 3d-gait analyses take place under weight-bearing conditions, which is a relevant issue in terms of weight-induced pain. This study aims to explore the applicability of 3-d gait analysis as biomarker (gait deviation index) for functional impairments in PWH. Besides 3-d gait scores, secondary endpoints such as biomarkers reflecting cartilage damage and a laterality-ratio of leg muscle mass (in the case of one-sided target joints) will be tested for their ability to detect functional impairments in young adults with hemophilia. Based on sample size calculation, 24 subjects aged 16-45 years, able to walk without aids or assistance will be included in each of the two groups: control (healthy, male), PWH (severe or moderate, treated prophylactically). Subjects suffering from functional impairments caused by other conditions than hemophilia, patients with bleedings within 30 days prior to the examination, PWH treated with immune-tolerance therapy and/or not successfully treated present or past high-titer factor VIII or FIX inhibitor will be excluded. Subjects will pass through a set of examinations (medical history, clinical examination, 3d-gait analysis, anthropometrics, body composition analysis, venipuncture, and urine sampling) and carry an accelerometer device for seven consecutive days. Confounder adjusted group differences will be assessed by ANCOVA with contrasts and Bonferroni correction. Correlations between the applied examination approaches will be assessed. An evidence based health promotion program including follow-up examinations, physical activity promotion, and tailored physiotherapy are being envisaged as a follow-up project (JOSEPHA phase 2).
Postoperative pain management plays an important role in elective shoulder surgery. The aim of this randomized quantitative study is to compare two frequently used postoperative pain regimes (hydromorphone versus piritramide) regarding onset and duration after the effectiveness of the single-shot interscalene block has diminished.
The aim of this Register Trial is to systematically study the epidemiology, risk factors, liver function as well prognosis of patients with vascular liver diseases. Furthermore, important clinical parameters will be assessed in order to evaluate patients' coagulation status and in order to develop new biomarkers derived from blood, urine, stool or ascites of patients as well as histological samples from the upper / lower GI-tract or the liver in order to better understand the natural history of vascular liver diseases.