View clinical trials related to Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction.Filter by:
This clinical trial will explore the safety and effect of GCSF-mobilized autologous ex vivo selected CD34 cells for the treatment of CMD in adults currently experiencing angina and with no obstructive coronary artery disease. Eligible subjects will receive a single intracoronary infusion of CLBS14.
GLP-1 is an agent for treatment of type 2 diabetes and may have protective effects on the cardiovascular system. The mechanism is complex and there seems to be a dual function with intact GLP-1 (7-36), acting through the GLP-1 receptor, and the GLP-1 (9-36) metabolite acting independently of the GLP-1 receptor. Coronary flow reserve (CFR) is the ratio of flow through the coronary arteries during stress to during rest and it reflects coronary microcirculation. Impaired CFR is a strong predictor of poor prognosis of cardiovascular disease. The aim of the study is to investigate the acute effects of GLP-1 on coronary microcirculation and endothelial function in adults with obesity.
Abnormal coronary microvascular vasodilation has been demonstrated in patients with diabetes and metabolic syndrome, but the role of insulin resistance in its pathogenesis is not clear. The aim of this study is to invasively assess coronary microcirculation and to investigate the relationship of insulin resistance with coronary microvascular dysfunction. A pressure temperature-sensor-tipped coronary wire will be advanced in coronary arteries without significant lumen reduction. Thermodilution-derived coronary flow reserve (CFR) will be calculated as resting mean transit time (Tmn) divided by hyperemic Tmn (obtained with a 5-min i.v. infusion of adenosine 140 mg/kg/min). An index of microvascular resistance (IMR) will be calculated as the distal coronary pressure at maximal hyperemia divided by the inverse of the hyperemic Tmn. FFR will be calculated by the ratio of Pd/Pa at maximal hyperemia. Insulin resistance (IR) will be assess by the homeostasis model assessment (HOMA) index and plasma IL-6 and TNF-alpha levels will be measured in addition to routine blood examinations before the procedure.