View clinical trials related to Coronary Artery Calcification.Filter by:
Vascular calcification is a frequent complication in dialysis patients and is strongly associated with mortality. Its pathogenesis is complex and involves a series of markers that act on the vascular microenvironment. There is evidence that aldosterone is one of the biomarkers and may have a role in osteoinductive pathways.The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of spironolactone, an inhibitor of mineralocorticoid receptor, in the progression of coronary calcification in patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis.
Cardiac computed tomography (CCT) is one of the standard non-invasive imaging techniques allowing imaging of the heart and coronary arteries with a high temporal and spatial resolution. The high sensitivity and negative predictive value (NPV) of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) make it a valuable tool in the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with low to intermediate risk for CAD, especially to rule out CAD. This risk stratification can be done with help of multiple different risk-calculators (e.g. the updated Diamond-Forrester model by Genders et al. 2012). These calculators take different variables into account, e.g. advanced age, gender, blood pressure, diabetes mellitus (DM), lipid profile and smoking. The aim of CCTA is a high diagnostic accuracy, which depends on both optimal intravascular enhancement (in Hounsfield Units; minimal 325 HU) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Optimal intravascular enhancement and CNR depend on different factors such as scan technique (e.g. tube voltage, tube potential), parameters of the administered contrast material (CM) and patient related factors (e.g. cardiac output (CO), body weight (BW)). Patients with cardiac diseases often have multiple risk factors for developing contrast induced nephropathy (CIN), e.g. diabetes mellitus, advanced age, hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Although the relationship between CTA and CIN has recently come to discussion (AMACING trial; Nijssen et al. 2017), it is still desirable to minimise the CM volume used in these patients. One method to reduce the CM volume is to personalise the injection protocols. The personalisation of injection protocols to the individual patient is gaining more attention in the field of CT imaging. The goal is to individualise the injection protocols to a level, where the patient only receives the minimal amount of CM needed to acquire a diagnostic scan, while maintaining a diagnostic image quality. Many techniques are available and have been studied, e.g. adjustment of CM volume to scan protocol, CO, lean body weight (LBW) and BW. However, no data is available on which of these is the most beneficial method for the personalisation of CM injection protocols. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the performance of three different personalized injection protocols (based on CO, LBW and BW) in CCTA with regard to image quality in comparison to previously used protocols in our department. We hypothesize that the personalized injection protocols will be non-inferior, provide a homogenous coronary enhancement (less non-diagnostic scans) in patients, and will account for a reduction of CM volume in our department in comparison to the previously used protocols.
The primary objective is to assess the effect of 2 dose levels of SNF472 (300 mg and 600 mg) compared to placebo on the progression of absolute change in coronary artery calcium volume score over a 12‑month (52 weeks) period in ESRD patients on HD
OBJECTIVES: To investigate the incidence of cardiovascular events as well as progression of coronary artery calcium (CAC) in healthy middle-aged subjects over a period of 7 years, and the relation to traditional as well as new cardiovascular risk factors. METHODS: The Danrisk cohort was established in 2009-2010 based on random retrieval from the Danish national civil registry (N=1825). Initially, distribution of gender, area of residence and year of birth (1949 or 1959) were equal among the 4 involved centres (OUH, Svendborg, Vejle and Esbjerg). A total of 1257 subjects (69%) accepted the invitation to undergo cardiovascular risk evaluation including non-contrast enhanced cardiac CT-scan for CAC estimation, and a total of 1227 subjects were found free of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes (DM), and was included in the study back then. In 2014-2015 the DanRisk cohort was invited to a 5 year follow-up examination. The investigators examined a total of 1031 subjects (82%) in the investigators 4 regional centres. The follow-up examination included general health evaluation and estimation of CAC by non-contrast enhanced cardiac CT-scan. Information of death, cardiovascular events and medication usage was obtained from the Danish national patient register, the Danish register of causes of death and the Danish national database of reimbursed prescriptions in 2016.
This study aim to observe the preventive effect and the long term safety of low calcium dialysis on coronary artery calcification in Maintenance hemodialysis (MHD) patients.
Coronary artery disease (CAD) remains the leading cause of mortality in the UK with an estimated 80,000 fatalities in 2010. Coronary artery calcification (CAC) is associated with atherosclerotic plaque burden and cardiovascular mortality. Mechanisms underlying isolated CAC have not been as yet been fully explained. MicroRNAs (miRNAs), known to act as regulators of gene expression, have also emerged as powerful biomarkers in the diagnosis and prognosis of cardiovascular disorders and may be used in the detection of CAC. We aim to investigate the potential for a "microRNA-signature" in patients with CAC by performing a prospective, case-controlled study to identify pathways associated with CAC in humans. Previous research has demonstrated an inverse relationship between CAC and bone mineral density (BMD), suggesting that these processes may be linked. In a further substudy we plan to define the relationship between CAC and BMD as well as a number of markers of bone metabolism.
Coronary artery disease are 8 times more prevalent in patients with NAFLD then the general population and are being considered the most common cause of death. Cardiac CT is a reliable non invasive method in demonstrating Coronary Plaques. However the association between coronary artery calcium score (CAC) and NAFLD remains controversial
Vessel calcification is a recognised cardiovascular morbidity risk factor in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD). Recent reports indicate a significant role of Matrix Gla-protein (MGP) in decreasing calcification processes. MGP is excretion protein whose mechanism of action is not yet fully explained and which to be activated requires phosphorylation and carboxylation where cofactor is vitamin K. These observations indicate that shortage of vitamin K is a significant risk factor for the development of vessel calcification. Another calcification risk factor in CKD patients are calcium-phosphate disturbances and insufficiency of vitamin D3 which in physiological concentration stimulates MGP transcription. The aim of this study is estimation of influence of vitamin K2 administration over the period of 9 months on vessel calcification in 3.- 5. stage CKD patients. It is a prospective, randomised double-blind study carried out in parallel groups. 60 patients with CKD (GFR 15-60 ml/min) with calcium score >10 (Agatston scoring system) will be qualified for the study. On the basis of randomised selection, patients will be divided into two groups: 30 patients will be given 90 μg vitamin K2 + 10 μg and cholecalciferol 30 patients will be given only 10 μg cholecalciferol. After a 9-month treatment the image diagnostic will be carried out in order to estimate the degree of vessel calcification.
This study examines the relationship between the SCOUT DM device and coronary artery calcification as determined by rapid computed tomography in patients at risk for coronary heart disease.
1. Statement of Problem According to the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA), 43.7% of all firefighters that died on the job experienced sudden cardiac death. The job also affords an incredible amount of stress. Cholesterol therapy has been well demonstrated to reduce coronary plaque progression. However is certainly not the only factor in evaluating for progression of coronary artery disease (CAD), and other factors must play a role. Garlic therapy has been shown to retard atherosclerosis independently. 2. Hypothesis and Specific Aims The hypothesis of this proposal is: In comparison to the placebo group, Aged Garlic Extract (AGE) therapy + Coenzyme Q10 (CoQ10) will be effective in slowing progression of coronary artery calcification (CAC) in firefighters with established atherosclerosis, independent of baseline blood pressure, statin use or other cardiovascular risk factors. Specific Aims: 1. Compare the effects of cholesterol lowering effects in a firefighter population of patients under the influence of Aged Garlic Extract + CoQ10 or placebo. 2. Compare whether degree of change in atherosclerotic coronary artery plaque burden will change at a different rate under the influence of Aged Garlic Extract + CoQ10 compared to placebo treatment. 3. Compare whether Aged Garlic Extract + CoQ10 therapy induces changes in baseline values including biological and biochemical parameters, such as LDL cholesterol, homocysteine, C-reactive protein (CRP), and endothelial function.