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Clinical Trial Summary

Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has shown to be an effective therapy for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) with Chronic Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure (CHRF). However, these COPD patients often report severe dyspnoea after switching off from NIV therapy, which leads to discomfort and distress. Currently, it is not known what causes this deventilation dyspnoea and therefore a possible treatment to prevent deventilation dyspnoea is not available. This study investigates possible mechanisms underlying the phenomenon of deventilation dyspnoea in COPD patients by monitoring the effects of NIV on the patient during an afternoon sleep.


Clinical Trial Description

Rationale: Non-invasive ventilation (NIV) has shown to be an effective therapy for patients with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) with Chronic Hypercapnic Respiratory Failure (CHRF). However, these COPD patients often report severe dyspnoea after switching off from NIV therapy, which leads to discomfort and distress. Currently, it is not known what causes this deventilation dyspnoea and therefore a possible treatment to prevent deventilation dyspnoea is not available.

Objective: 1) To investigate what mechanisms underlie the phenomenon of deventilation dyspnoea in COPD patients. 2) To investigate how the change in electrical impedance, measured with electrical impedance tomography (EIT), is related to the change in inspiratory capacity (IC) before and after sleep.

Study design: This study is an observational cohort study analysing changes occurring due to NIV which could explain the existence of deventilation dyspnoea in certain COPD patients using NIV. Ten patients with and ten patients without deventilation dyspnoea will visit the hospital for an afternoon sleep, during and after which several non-invasive measurements are performed to analyse the changes occurring during and after switching off NIV. In order to investigate the deventilation problem, we will measure:

1. the degree of hyperinflation due to NIV: this will be assessed by measuring the change in end-expiratory lung volume (EELV) with EIT before, during and after NIV, and the change in IC before and after sleeping with NIV.

2. the reduction of respiratory muscle activity due to NIV: this will be assessed by the change in electromyography of the frontal diaphragm before, during and after NIV.

3. the effectiveness of NIV in reducing CO2 level: this will be assessed with transcutaneous CO2 measurements (PtcCO2) before, during and after NIV.

4. the degree of deventilation dyspnoea before and after the afternoon sleep: this will be assessed with a 10-point Borg Scale.

Study population: Twenty severe COPD patients (age>18yr) using chronic NIV will be included in the study: 10 patients with severe symptoms of deventilation dyspnoea (Borg Dyspnoea Scale ≥ 5) and 10 patients without symptoms of deventilation dyspnoea, matched with regard to the degree of static lung hyperinflation and NIV settings.

Main study parameters/endpoints: Knowledge about the changes occurring during NIV in patients with COPD with deventilation dyspnoea. The percent change in EELV, IC, respiratory muscle activity and PtcCO2 will be calculated for both groups and correlated with the degree of deventilation dyspnoea. ;


Study Design


Related Conditions & MeSH terms


NCT number NCT03503123
Study type Observational [Patient Registry]
Source University Medical Center Groningen
Contact
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase
Start date January 5, 2019
Completion date October 5, 2019

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