View clinical trials related to Cocaine-Related Disorders.Filter by:
Background: - Dopamine is a chemical signal linked to the rewarding effects of drugs. Certain genes make these effects sensitive to the time of day they are taken. Cocaine can affect these genes in the brain. Researchers want to measure brain dopamine at different times of day. Objectives: - To look for changes to a person s biological clock in the function of the dopamine reward system. To test if cocaine disrupts this. Eligibility: - Adults age 21-55 with a cocaine use disorder. - Healthy volunteers age 21-55. Design: - Participants will be screened with medical history, physical exam, interview, and blood and urine tests. Their breath will be tested for alcohol and recent smoking. - Participants will have 3 overnight clinic visits. - Visit 1: They will have blood and urine collected and a heart test. - A plastic tube (catheter) will be placed into a vein in each arm by needle. - Participants will have a PET scan in a donut-shaped machine. They will lie on a bed that slides in and out of it, wearing a cap. A radiotracer (measures dopamine) and a drug (blocks dopamine removal) will be injected via catheter. Vital signs will be measured and blood will be drawn throughout. - Visit 2: repeats Visit 1, except at night. - Visit 3, participants will have urine collected. - They will have MRI scans in a metal cylinder surrounded by a magnetic field. They will lie on a table that slides in and out of it, with a coil over their head. - Participants may answer questions, take computer or paper tests, and perform simple actions. - For 1 week, participants will wear a wrist device that measures daily activity.
The overall aim of this project is to use an advanced brain imaging technique, PET, in order to monitor the progress of pharmacotherapy with modafinil or topiramate for cocaine dependence in methadone-maintained patients who use cocaine in addition. Comparisons will be made within the cocaine dependent methadone maintained subjects, between the start and end of treatment, and between the two medications. This is the first systematic research study of pharmacological treatment for cocaine dependence in Israel. This study is of major clinical use, with implications for the treatment of cocaine dependence in poly-drug abusers in Israel. Successful pharmacotherapy for cocaine dependence is expected in reduction in cue-induced subjective craving and in glucose metabolism in brain areas elicited by cocaine craving. Metabolic activity in regions that are activated by craving should be correlated with dopamine DRD2 receptor occupancy in all patients.