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Clinical Trial Summary

Repetitive bilateral (left cathodal/ right anodal) transcranial Direct Current Stimulation (tDCS) over the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex (DLPFC) seems to reduce craving and relapse risk. However, little is known about the relapse rates in cocaine addiction after tDCS, despite the need for new treatment interventions to reduce the high relapse rates in cocaine addiction. The investigators aim to explore the effects of repetitive tDCS in a larger sample (N=80) of cocaine addicted patients on number of relapse days after three months. In addition, the underlying working mechanism will be explored (e.g. cognitive control functioning). Ecological momentary assessment (EMA) will be used to measure relapse, craving and mood since retrospective self-reports seem to be less reliable in this respect.

Clinical Trial Description

For this study, 80 cocaine addicted patients will receive real or sham bilateral tDCS (left cathodal/right anodal) over the DLPFC after one week in detox. The participants will receive this two times daily for 5 consecutive days. It is expected that this particular tDCS method will reduce relapse probability, as was previously seen in alcohol addicted patients. Furthermore, it is hypothesized that this therapeutic effect is associated with diminished craving and enhanced cognitive control. Craving, temptations and relapse, will be explored by means of Ecological Momentary Assessment (EMA). The mixed results in previous studies of tDCS on craving may be explained by the fact that craving in addiction is a momentary phenomenon which is difficult to reliably measure with more traditional methods like retrospective self-reports, for which EMA provides a solution. Cognitive control will be measured by means of inhibitory control during a Go/NoGo task and reward processing during a gambling task. The tasks will be performed at baseline, one day after the tDCS sessions and at three months follow up. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03025321
Study type Interventional
Source Erasmus Medical Center
Contact Ilse Verveer, MSc
Phone 0104089588
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date January 2017

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