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Although it is classically considered that chronic hepatitis C infection (CHC) is usually asymptomatic, there are studies that show that up to two thirds of patients may present some type of extrahepatic manifestation. The most frequent extrahepatic manifestation is type II mixed cryoglobulinemia (MCG-II) and clinically the most common presentation is leukocytoclastic vasculitis (LCV) with palpable purpura that affects the lower extremities. It is estimated that up to 80% of MCG-II cases are due to CHC. Previous studies have demonstrated that CHC prevalence is higher in patients with autoinmune diseases compared with general popullation. Therefore, we hypothesize that If vasculitis is an extrahepatic manifestation of CHC, then the prevalence of CHC infection in this group of patients will be higher than that reported in the general population. Our aim is to know the prevalence of CHC, determined by serological rapid test for hepatitis C screening and all positive cases will be confirmed by quantitative viral load, in patients who consult primarily to a rheumatology department for "vasculitis" or other potential extrahepatic manifestations (rheumatological conditions).
The hepatitis C virus is a major cause of chronic liver diseases, including cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma, and infects approximately 3 % of the world population (150-170 million). It is estimated that approximately 80 % of patients with acute hepatitis C fail to eliminate the virus and become chronically infected Hepatitis C virus infection is strongly associated with the dysregulation of glucose homoeostasis such as insulin resistance and type 2 diabetes. Despite these findings of insulin resistance development via direct effects on insulin signalling pathway, the complex relationship between intrahepatic Hepatitis C virus infection and extrahepatic insulin resistance remains elusive. One of the countries most affected by Hepatitis C virus is Egypt. The Egyptian Demographic and Health Surveys measured antibody prevalence among the adult population aged 15-59 years at 10.0% in 2015—substantially higher than global levels. Several micro ribonucleic acids have been determined to play a key role in regulating viral replication and pathogenesis during infection. micro ribonucleic acid-122 expression is enriched in the liver, accounting for approximately 70 % of the total micro ribonucleic acid population in normal adult hepatocytes. Moreover, a particularly intriguing function of micro ribonucleic acid-122 involves its role in the Hepatitis C virus replication cycle. Antagonism of micro ribonucleic acid-122 not only reduces viral replication but also reduces Hepatitis C virus propagation by decreasing the expression of enzymes involved in lipid metabolism, which can enhance Hepatitis C virus replication in cell culture models.
The Tolerability and Pharmacokinetics Study of HEC74647PA Capsule in Healthy Adult Subjects
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) is one of the major globally cause of death and morbidity.Chronic hepatitis C is the leading cause of end-stage liver disease, hepatocellular carcinoma and liver-related death in Egypt.It could be considered a special type of metabolic diseases involving insulin resistance (IR) which accelerates fibrosis and modulation of lipid-cholesterol biosynthesis with increased risk for ischemic heart diseases.It could be considered a special type of metabolic diseases involving insulin resistance (IR) which accelerates fibrosis and modulation of lipid-cholesterol biosynthesis with increased risk for ischemic heart diseases .Increased prevalence of IR and type 2 diabetes mellitus extensively reported in HCV infections
The primary purpose of the ANRS 12332 HepNile study cohort is to assess in "Real-Life" condition the efficacy and the safety profile of new Direct Acting Antivirals (DAAs) introduced in the Egyptian National Treatment Programme for the treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C (CHC).
Open label phase 2a study of two week treatment with CDI-31244 and sofosbuvir and veltapasvir followed by four week treatment of sofosbuvir and velpatasvir in individuals with chronic hepatitis C (HCV) genotype 1 (GT1) infection
Study is a non-interventional, prospective, multicenter post marketing surveillance study to determine the safety of daclatasvir based therapy
The XN-20, is a full blood count (FBC) analyser with an extended differential counting and flagging System. The XN-Series' individual channels allow real-time reflex analysis, and uses a two stage process to classify the white blood count (WBC) sub-populations and detect the presence of abnormal reactive and malignant cells. In regards to lymphocytes in the peripheral blood, the machine has the capacity to distinguish activated from non-activated T-cell subsets using a very small volume of EDTA sample (88uL) (including remnant sample from a standard full blood count) with results available in 1.5 minutes. It is a fully automated process and can be considered as an alternative rapid flow cytometry method. Objective of the SASA study: to investigate the signal pattern of white blood cells assessed using the XN-20 full blood count platform in patients with untreated viral infections i.e. HIV, HCV and HBV. The data from the analysis will be reviewed in conjunction with patient's demographic and clinical disease characteristics with the aim of detecting characteristic cell populations that can be used in the development of system flags for future studies.
The purpose of the study is to determine if statin can affect the clinical outcome of chronic hepatitis C patients receiving Sofosbuvir/Daclatasvir/Ribavirin combination
Background and Aims: The prevalence of hepatitis C virus infection (HCV) infection in Punjab, India is 3.29%, with an estimated burden of around 650,000 viremic chronic HCV (CHC) patients. The Mukh Mantri Punjab Hepatitis C Relief Fund (MMPHCRF) was launched in June 2016 to provide free treatment to all CHC aiming to eliminate HCV from Punjab. The study assessed the feasibility of decentralized care and efficacy and safety of 12 or 24 weeks of sofosbuvir (SOF) + ledipasvir (LDV) or SOF + daclatasvir (DCV) ± ribavirin (RBV) in the treatment of CHC patients in a public health care setting.