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Combined hepatocellular and mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma (cHCC-MFCCC) is a rare tumor. The aim of this study was the analysis of the outcome comparing such tumor with classic hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and mass-forming cholangiocarcinoma (MFCCC).
The optimal approach to the drainage of malignant obstruction at the biliary hilum remains uncertain. This is a randomized comparative effectiveness study of percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage (PTBD) vs. endoscopic retrograde cholangiography (ERC) as the first intervention in patients with cholestasis due to suspected malignant hilar obstruction.
Pancreatic cancer and cholangiocarcinoma are the most common causes of malignant biliary obstruction. They are diseases of increasing incidence and unfavorable prognosis. Only a minority of patients have a localized disease and are indicated for surgery with a chance of long-term survival. Locally advanced and metastatic tumors are treated with palliative chemotherapy or chemoradiotherapy; the results of such treatments are unsatisfactory. The average survival of patients with unresectable disease is 6 months and only 5 - 10 % of patients survive 5 years. Chemotherapy and radiotherapy can be used, however only with a palliative effect. Biliary drainage is an integral part of palliative treatment. Endoscopically or percutaneously placed stents improve quality of life, decrease cholestasis and pruritus, but do not significantly improve survival. Biliary stents get occluded over time, possibly resulting in acute cholangitis and require repeated replacement. Endoluminal biliary photodynamic therapy (PDT) and radiofrequency ablation (RFA), locally active endoscopic methods, have been increasingly used in recent years in palliative treatment of patients with malignant biliary obstruction. In photodynamic therapy, improved survival has been shown in two randomized controlled trials; however the technique suffers from technical complexity, high cost and low availability. In RFA, application of low voltage high frequency current during radiofrequency ablation results in tissue destruction by heat. Its antitumor effect may also be related to systemic changes in antitumor immunity. The use of endoluminal biliary RFA has so far been reported only in small retrospective cohorts of patients. The aim of this randomized study is to compare efficacy of RFA plus stenting to stenting alone in palliative treatment of malignant biliary obstruction with survival as primary outcome. Secondary outcomes are stent patency, immediate and late complications, quality of life and effects on anti-tumor immunity in the RFA group.
Pancreaticoduodenectomy (PD) is the treatment of choice for resectable periampullary cancer. PD is still associated with a relatively a high incidence of delayed gastric emptying. And, there are no acknowledged strategies to avoid DGE. Several feeding strategies have been investigated to cope with this problem. However, there is still no consensus concerning the best nutrition support method after pancreaticoduodenectomy. The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of nutrition support methods on DGE after pancreaticoduodenectomy: early enteral nutrition or total parenteral nutrition. Patients undergoing pancreatoduodenectomy will be randomized to receive early enteral nutrition (EN group), or Saline administration (Saline group), or oral intake only (Natural control). The EN group will receive standard enteral diet administered through a nasojejunal tube. Enteral nutrition will be started on the 1st postoperative day and increased daily by 20-40 ml up to the estimated level. The Saline group will receive saline administered through a nasojejunal tube beginning from the 1st postoperative day. Oral intake will not be restricted in all three group.
The purpose of this first-in-human study of CX-2009 is to characterize the safety, tolerability, pharmacokinetics (PK), pharmacodynamics (PD) and antitumor activity of CX-2009 in adult subjects with metastatic or locally advanced unresectable solid tumors. PROCLAIM: PRObody CLinical Assessment In Man CX-2009 clinical trial 001 PROBODY is a trademark of CytomX Therapeutics, Inc
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the safety and tolerability, and determine the maximum tolerated dose of INCB062079 in subjects with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma and other malignancies.
Primary Objective: To assess the diagnostic accuracy of cholangioscopy-based assessment using SpyDS technology compared to cholangiography-based assessment using ERCP-guided biopsy and brushing in patients with indeterminate biliary strictures in the setting of cholangiocarcinoma.
This pilot research trial studies characterization of mechanical tissue properties in patients with pancreatic, liver, or colon cancer. Mechanical properties and stiffness of the cancerous tissue may be correlated with the standard pathology report that describes the stage of the disease.
The aim of the multi-centre study is to evaluate correctly the impact of three-dimensional visualization on operation strategy and complications for hilar cholangiocarcinoma.
This phase I trial studies the side effects of capecitabine and Y-90 radioembolization in treating patients with bile duct cancer in the liver that has spread to other places in the body and cannot be removed by surgery. Radiation therapy, such as Y-90 radioembolization, injects tiny radioactive Y-90 microspheres into the blood supply next to the liver tumors to kill tumor cells. Capecitabine may make radiation more effective. Giving capecitabine and Y-90 radioembolization may work better in treating patients with bile duct cancer in the liver.