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The differential diagnosis between benign and malignant bile duct strictures is a difficult and demanding task for clinicians. Clinical, biochemical, and radiological characteristics of malignant biliary strictures are non-specific and tissue diagnosis is difficult to obtain preoperatively. For this reason, there is a need for the development of new diagnostic modalities. Of particular interest is the quest of tumor markers secreted or shed in bile by tumor cells developing in the biliary tract. In addition, patient's tumor molecular profile is the basis for selecting personalized therapy. Cholangiocarcinomas are characterized by a large genetic heterogeneity. The most frequent mutations are TP53, KRAS, BRAF, EGFR, MET, NRAS, PIK3CA, ERBB2, SMAD4, FBXW7, ARID1A, PBRM1, BAP1 et IDH1/2. In the case of pancreatic cancers, the most frequent are KRAS mutation detected in 90 % of the patients and CDKN2A, SMAD4, TGFBR1, TGFBR2, ATM, BRCA2, MLL2, MLL3, KDM6A, ARID1A, ARID1B, SMARC1, GNAS and RNF43 mutations. It is well established that KRAS and P53 mutations can be detected in bile samples from patients with biliary strictures related to cholangiocarcinoma and cancer of the head of the pancreas. The main objective is to determine if bile sample analysis from patients with malignant biliary stricture may allow to identify tumor mutation profile and determine tumor genotype. A secondary objective is to evaluate the diagnostic value of Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) and metallo-proteinases (MMPs) levels in bile samples. Tumor genotyping will be performed in bile samples (supernatant and cell pellet) and tumor tissues in a series of 10 patients surgically treated for malignant biliary stricture related to cholangiocarcinoma or cancer of the head of the pancreas. The biochemical markers, VEGF and MMPs, will be assessed in bile samples obtained during endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography in 50 patients with malignant biliary stricture and 50 patients treated for benign biliary diseases.
This pilot trial studies how well single photon emission computed tomography (SPECT)/computed tomography (CT) with technetium Tc-99m sulfur colloid works in measuring liver function in patients with liver cancer that has or has not spread to other place in the body who are undergoing radiation therapy or surgery. Diagnostic procedures, such as sulfur colloid SPECT/CT scans, may measure normal liver tissue before, during and after treatment and help doctors plan better treatment for liver cancer patients.
Diagnosis of intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (iCCA) is increasingly common in patients with liver cirrhosis, but these patients are denied liver transplantation (LT) by most centres due to historically poor results. Two retrospective evaluations have shown a 5 year survival ~65% in selected patients with an iCCA diagnosis at the pathology of the explanted liver. This suggests that LT can be a curative treatment if applied selectively. This study will evaluate the effectiveness of LT as a treatment for very early iCCA diagnosed in cirrhotic patients who meet the strict selection criteria. Patients with advanced cirrhosis (not candidates for resection) currently have no other curative treatment options. Participants will be allowed bridging therapies prior to receiving transplant. Participants will be followed for 5 years from the time of transplant with patient survival and disease recurrence as outcome measures.
The primary objective of this proposed prospective randomized, multi-center study is to evaluate the capability of the new 22G SharkCore™ needle to obtain tissue specimens and to compare its performance against the standard 22G BNX Endoscopic Ultrasound Fine needle aspiration (Beacon Endoscopic, Newton, MA) needle in the evaluation of solid mass lesions in the pancreas and gastrointestinal tract. The secondary objective is to determine the ability of the 22G SharkCore™ needle system to yield histologic tissue.
This phase Ib trial studies the side effects and best dose of ricolinostat when given together with gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin in treating patients with cholangiocarcinoma that cannot be removed by surgery or has spread to other places in the body. Ricolinostat may stop the growth of cancer cells by blocking some of the enzymes needed for cell growth. Drugs used in chemotherapy, such as gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin, work in different ways to stop the growth of tumor cells, either by killing the cells, by stopping them from dividing, or by stopping them from spreading. Giving ricolinostat together with gemcitabine hydrochloride and cisplatin may work better in treating patients with cholangiocarcinoma that cannot be removed by surgery or has spread to other places.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the feasibility, efficacy and safety of target therapy according to genomic and proteomic profiling combined with GEMOX in advanced or recurrent extrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma and gallbladder carcinoma.
The primary purpose of this study is to determine the maximum tolerated dose (MTD) and recommended Phase 2 dose (RP2D) of H3B-6527 (Part 1), and to assess the safety and tolerability of H3B-6527 as a single agent administered orally (Part 2) in participants with advanced hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) and intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma (IHCC).
This clinical trial studies nivolumab and ipilimumab in treating patients with rare tumors. Monoclonal antibodies, such as nivolumab and ipilimumab, may interfere with the ability of tumor cells to grow and spread.
The study will evaluate the benefit of applying Selective Internal Radiation Therapy (SIRT) using SIR-Spheres Y-90 resin microspheres prior to receiving systemic chemotherapy treatment (cisplatin-gemcitabine, or CIS-GEM) in patients with unresectable intrahepatic cholangiocarcinoma. Half of the patients will be randomized to CIS-GEM chemotherapy plus SIRT, and half of the patients will be randomized to CIS-GEM alone.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the magnetic compressive anastomosis has a better outcomes than traditional manual anastomosis on superior bilioenteric anastomosis.