View clinical trials related to Carotid Stenosis.Filter by:
Background and purpose. Even if periprocedural cerebral microembolism associated with carotid endarterectomy or stenting usually does not manifest as clinically overt stroke, neuropsychological disturbances resulting from these events represent an important clinical and socioeconomic problem. Still, it remains unclear whether the use proximal protection can lower the incidence of cerebral embolism associated with the treatment of carotid stenosis. Materials and methods. This was a prospective randomised single-centre study, which was aimed at comparison of surgical eversion endarterectomy with stenting under proximal protection in symptomatic patients. The investigators evaluated the incidence of new ischaemic lesions revealed by the diffusion-weighted magnetic resonance imaging 2-4 days after the treatment and neurologic events.
The purpose of this study is to investigate the ability of the compound[F-18]RGD-K5, when used as a tracer during PET (positron emission tomography) imaging, to detect regions of unstable atherosclerotic plaque in the carotid artery of subjects being considered for carotid endarterectomy (CEA),and to confirm this ability through histological studies of samples of carotid artery plaques that will be collected during the planned carotid surgery.
This trial will be the first trial for the Investigation Product (IP), [F-18]RGD-K5 for carotid plaque imaging and will be conducted as a Phase II trial since this compound has already been tested in humans for phase I and phase II imaging. All study results will be evaluated and analyzed in order to consider the design for future clinical trials.
The purpose of the study is to test a new amplified stethoscope(AudioDoc) that can detect the presence of bruit by using an acoustic signal to represent the bruit. This pilot study will address two questions: is there a detectable difference in recorded sound signal of carotid and femoral bruit when compared to sound signals captured when there is no bruit present; is the use of a visual recorded signal more accurate in identifying carotid and femoral bruit when compared to traditional auscultation with a regular stethoscope and ultrasound.
In France, in 2007, 17 000 patients underwent carotid endarterectomy. The risk of having an ipsilateral postoperative stroke after carotid endarterectomy remains at 1-1.5%. There is no consensus concerning the best cerebral monitoring and hemodynamic optimisation during carotid cross-clamping. The objective of this prospective, multicentric, double-blinded and randomized study is to evaluate the interest of continuous cerebral oximetry monitoring by INVOS™ cerebral oximeter to direct the hemodynamic optimisation during carotid endarterectomy and reduce the new-onset of postoperative radiological (MRI) ischemic lesions. A cost/effectiveness analysis will be conducted to estimate the impact of this monitoring versus standard care on direct and indirect postoperative costs during 120 days. A substudy will evaluate the effect of this monitoring on neurocognitive outcome and on a serum marker of brain injury, protein S-100B
The investigators hypothesize that inflammation in carotid plaque is predictive of the extent of ischemic lesion burden on the brain and will add to risk stratification for individuals with carotid disease.
The aim of this study is to determine whether optimal medical treatment can postpone carotid endarterectomy.
The purpose of this study is to determine, in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy, the effect of ARC1779 Injection on the number of microembolic signals detected by transcranial Doppler immediately after surgery. This study will also evaluate the safety of ARC1779 Injection with respect to bleeding risk in patients in the peri-operative (during surgery) period.
The purpose of this study is to determine if we can reduce the incidence of cognitive dysfunction — difficulty in performing certain pencil-paper, memory, finger dexterity and thinking type of tasks called neuropsychometric tests — in patients with adult onset diabetes mellitus (DM) undergoing surgery on the carotid artery (CEA). We hypothesize that cognitive dysfunction can be decreased in patients with type II DM by augmenting cerebral blood flow with a shunt during carotid endarterectomy compared to patients with Type II DM who are treated with "conventional" management in which a shunt is placed only if the electroencephalogram (EEG) indicates cerebral ischemia.
The primary objective of the SONOMA Registry is to confirm the safety of the NexStent® Carotid Stent System and FilterWire EZ™ Embolic Protection System in routine clinical practice and to identify rare or unanticipated device-related events that might occur.