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In Denmark, around 2 % of the population live with severe mental disease. People with severe mental disease live 15-20 years less than the general population. The majority of the years of life lost are a consequence of the excess mortality due to somatic disease. The high prevalence of somatic disease among people with severe mental disease can be largely attributed to physical inactivity, unhealthy diet and side effects from psychopharmacological drugs. Apart from the impacts of unhealthy lifestyle and medication side effects, research suggests that individuals with severe mental disease do not receive the same treatment for their somatic diseases as do the rest of the population. The inequality in diagnostics and treatment can be attributed to stigmatization from healthcare providers and patients' lacking awareness of symptoms and reluctance to seek medical care. Further, the increasing specialization within both somatic and psychiatric care has led to a division between these two treatment systems (8,9). Patients with severe mental disease who simultaneously have one or more somatic diseases need their treatment to be coordinated; such treatment should span general practice, the municipality and the psychiatric and somatic hospital. Accordingly, the following elements are necessary to create effective and coordinated treatment trajectories: detailed preparation, qualitative process evaluation as an integrated part of the courses of treatment, and involvement of all stakeholders from the start. The overall aim of the project is to optimize the detection of selected chronic somatic diseases, including cardiovascular disease (ischaemia and heart failure), diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol, in individuals with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder; to initiate medical treatment; and to ensure treatment compliance among patients. Accordingly, the project has the following objectives: - To develop an intervention targeting individuals with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder that can optimize the detection of selected chronic somatic diseases, including cardiovascular disease (ischaemia and heart failure), diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol - To test whether the developed intervention can optimize the detection of cardiovascular disease (ischaemia and heart failure), diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol in individuals with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder The project's hypotheses are that an interdisciplinary and intersectoral intervention targeting individuals with schizophrenia, schizoaffective disorder or bipolar disorder can - optimize detection of cardiovascular diseases (ischaemia and cardiac insufficiency), diabetes, hypertension and high cholesterol by systematic screening in general practice - lead to initiation and maintenance of relevant medical treatment. Moreover, we hypothesize that the complete intervention in a long-term perspective will lead to decreased mortality within the target group.
To compare in vivo platelet and leukocyte activation and phenotype before and after Left ventricular assist device (LAVD) implantation
Heart failure is very common and reaches more than 56 million people worldwide. 17 to 45 percent die in the first year of hospitalization. The most affected populations live in Western countries like Europe or the USA. It is defined by a set of signs and symptoms such as dyspnea, asthenia, edema or tachycardia but must be objectified, preferably by ultrasound. Its basic treatment is based on a lifestyle improvement and a reduction of the risk factors (hypertension, dyslipidemia, diabetes, ...), as well as an optimal medical treatment based on ACE inhibitors, B-blockers, ARA2 (Sartans), spironolactone or digoxin. When the optimal treatment is no longer working and that the cardiac desynchronization is demonstrated, be it atrio-ventricular, inter-ventricular or intra-ventricular, the patient can benefit from a three-probes cardiac resynchronization to resynchronize the two ventricles. The classic approach, performed by a cardiologist, is to perform an endovenous procedure in order to place the 3 probes under local anesthesia.The first one goes in the right atrium, the second one in the right ventricle and the third one goes in the left ventricle. It is the placement of this third one that often causes trouble. It is more difficult to place since it must pass through the coronary sinus, outside of the heart, unlike the first two probes that are placed endocavitary. When the practitioner fails to place the probe correctly or obtains inappropriate levels of detection, stimulation, or impedance thresholds, a cardiac surgeon must intervene and carry out a mini-thoracotomy. The CHU Brugmann Hospital is in favor of a mixed surgical approach. The probes are placed by a cardiac surgeon, who first starts by a endo-venous placement under local anesthesia. If that approach fails, the local anesthesia can be transformed into general anesthesia at the same operative time and a mini-thoracotomy is performed. The aim of this study is to evaluate the immediate impact of this surgical management within the CHU Brugmann hospital, in patients suffering from cardiac insufficiency despite proper medication.The hypothesis is that the mixed surgical approach improves the prognosis of cardiac resynchronization.
The purpose of this study is examine whether invasive pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) monitoring could be beneficial for the patients in dialysis treatment. Ten implantable pressure sensors (CardioMEMS ®) will be implanted and the PAPs of the individual participants are recorded during and in between the routine dialysis treatment sessions. This is an exploratory pilot study, where major interest lies in the values and changes in PAP in relation to other hemodynamic parameters among patients in dialysis treatment. Implanted device is only monitoring the patient without any effect on the actual treatment.