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Patients who have just experienced a first major cardiac event are at risk of experiencing heightened negative emotions, which further negatively impact self-management of health behaviors. For those patients in phase II cardiac rehabilitation, there is an opportunity to address physical and emotional wellbeing to optimize self-management of diet and exercise. This study will pilot test an intervention aimed at improving these patients' abilities to regulate their emotions as a mechanism to minimize psychological distress and improve self-management of diet and exercise, as well as improve quality of life. This innovative pilot will generate knowledge about the impact of emotion regulation in first event cardiac rehabilitation patients.
Cardiac computed tomography (CCT) is one of the standard non-invasive imaging techniques allowing imaging of the heart and coronary arteries with a high temporal and spatial resolution. The high sensitivity and negative predictive value (NPV) of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) make it a valuable tool in the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with low to intermediate risk for CAD, especially to rule out CAD. This risk stratification can be done with help of multiple different risk-calculators (e.g. the updated Diamond-Forrester model by Genders et al. 2012). These calculators take different variables into account, e.g. advanced age, gender, blood pressure, diabetes mellitus (DM), lipid profile and smoking. The aim of CCTA is a high diagnostic accuracy, which depends on both optimal intravascular enhancement (in Hounsfield Units; minimal 325 HU) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Optimal intravascular enhancement and CNR depend on different factors such as scan technique (e.g. tube voltage, tube potential), parameters of the administered contrast material (CM) and patient related factors (e.g. cardiac output (CO), body weight (BW)). Patients with cardiac diseases often have multiple risk factors for developing contrast induced nephropathy (CIN), e.g. diabetes mellitus, advanced age, hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Although the relationship between CTA and CIN has recently come to discussion (AMACING trial; Nijssen et al. 2017), it is still desirable to minimise the CM volume used in these patients. One method to reduce the CM volume is to personalise the injection protocols. The personalisation of injection protocols to the individual patient is gaining more attention in the field of CT imaging. The goal is to individualise the injection protocols to a level, where the patient only receives the minimal amount of CM needed to acquire a diagnostic scan, while maintaining a diagnostic image quality. Many techniques are available and have been studied, e.g. adjustment of CM volume to scan protocol, CO, lean body weight (LBW) and BW. However, no data is available on which of these is the most beneficial method for the personalisation of CM injection protocols. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the performance of three different personalized injection protocols (based on CO, LBW and BW) in CCTA with regard to image quality in comparison to previously used protocols in our department. We hypothesize that the personalized injection protocols will be non-inferior, provide a homogenous coronary enhancement (less non-diagnostic scans) in patients, and will account for a reduction of CM volume in our department in comparison to the previously used protocols.
The purpose of this study is to identify measures of obesity, functional capacity, and specific biomarkers that may be predictive of obesity and post-operative outcomes.
CAROLE seeks to evaluate the relationship between chest Radiation Therapy and coronary artery disease. The purpose of CAROLE is to check the heart health of women who received breast cancer treatments in the past and protect them from future heart disease.
This study intends to investigate the relevant risk factors of perioperation complications or mortality in older patients with cardiac diseases undergoing teeth extraction surgery and this study aims to quantify the risk factors and then to establish the predictive scoring systems. Hypothesis:Preoperative parameters could predict postoperative complications.
Autologous blood transfused at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass will reduce total blood loss 24 hours after surgery and improve mitochondrial oxygen delivery measured by plasma succinate levels. The study design is a prospective randomized interventional trial of transfusion of fresh autologous whole blood versus standard of care expectant management of bleeding during elective cardiac surgery.
Cardiovascular disease is the leading cause of morbidity and mortality globally. Cardiac rehabilitation (CR) including exercise training are effective to reduce morbidity, mortality and risk factors such as physical fitness, cholesterol, triglycerides and blood pressure. The main goal for CR is to establish exercise training and other lifestyle changes as permanent changes in the patient's life. Many studies have shown that cardiac patients strive to maintain a heart-healthy lifestyle, one year after participating in CR. Furthermore, this leads to risk profile returning to the starting point where they got their Cardiac event. Changing a lifestyle is known to take time, and we believe that the patients need further follow-up beyond the time spent in traditional CR. To our knowledge very few, if any, studies evaluates the use of modern technology in longterm follow-up focusing on maintaining a new lifestyle after participating in CR. The investigators would like to evaluate the effect of an dynamic application (app) with regard to physical fitness, lifestyle and quality of life (QoL), one year after CR. The investigators hypothesize that patients getting Access to a dynamic Application and tailored feedback through the application after CR will better be able to take care of physical Fitness and other lifestyle factors one year after CR, compared to patients getting usal care.
This is an observational diagnostic study that aims to evaluate the diagnostic value of circRNA-Uck2 in Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in adults as compared to healthy and unstable angina controls. Rapid and adequate diagnosis of AMI is of great importance to enable a rapid start of treatment, save large tracts of dying myocardium, reduce the infarct size,and thereby decrease the risk of subsequent heart failure.
This study aims to evaluate the effectiveness of 4D image acquisition and post-processing with Vios Works for the evaluation of 3D images acquired on GE Magnetic Resonance Imaging scanners. Specifically, the investigators propose to evaluate the following: 1. Image acquisition time using traditional 2D and new 4D processing techniques; 2. Image quality for 2D and 4D processing techniques subjectively 3. Post-processing time for the two techniques. 4. Correlation of overall Left ventricular and right ventricular volumes and functions and aortic and pulmonic flow studies using the two techniques. 5. The study will monitor any changes in patient diagnoses or treatment resulting from any differences in interpretations between the two processes.
After cardiac surgery, patients' follow-up after discharge is a major public health issue. Since the main complications occur mostly during the first extra-hospital month, a follow-up period becomes necessary as the average duration of hospitalization tends to decrease. The resumption of normal physical activity is rarely transmitted and when complications arise, the healthcare team is most often informed late. An electronic wristband is worn by the patient during the day, between the day of discharge from the hospital (D0) and the end of the second extra-hospital month (D60). The data recorded by the wristband include : bracelet ID, date, time, number of steps per day, and heart rate averaged by 5 minutes. The primary objective of the study is to measure the resumption of physical activity after elective cardiac surgery. This objective will be quantified by the number of daily footsteps. A secondary objectives is to determine perioperative predictors of the physical resumption.