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The investigators plan to evaluate the correlation between carotid plaque enhancement on Contrast-enhanced ultrasound (CEUS), significant coronary artery disease (CAD), and cardiovascular (CV) outcomes in a systematic manner. The investigators hypothesize that increased levels of CEUS-detected vulnerable carotid plaque will be predictive of CV risk determined by angiography and future cardiovascular events.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate whether there are relationships between the salivary oxidative stress status of children with CHD directly dental caries including gender, age, salivary flow rate, salivary pH, salivary buffering capacity and drug intake such as angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitors. If such relationships exist, they might be employed to patient caries -prevention treatment.
There is currently no routine screening for cardiac disease for pregnant women in areas of high prevalence. This study will aim to determine the point prevalence of cardiac disease in women presenting for antenatal care at Moi Teaching and Referral Hospital. More specifically, it will aim to use focused echocardiography as a screening tool to determine the prevalence of cardiac disease among pregnant women attending MTRH antenatal clinic.
The aim of this study is to find out and record the indications for diagnostic catheterization as well as for interventional cardiac catheterization in A.U.C.H , and record the outcome in these cases.
A committee will judge the safety and effectiveness of edoxaban and the regular treatment (standard of care). All children in the study will receive free treatment. They will have a 2 in 3 chance to receive edoxaban, and a 1 in 3 chance to receive the standard of care for preventing blood clots. The study will find out if edoxaban is safer and more effective than the standard of care.
The Electronic Medical Records and Genomics (eMERGE) Network is in its third phase and during this time is enrolling and sequencing 25,000 individuals on a custom sequencing panel of clinically relevant, actionable genes. The genetic results will be returned to participants and outcomes tracked through the electronic health records.
The aim of this study is to investigate engagement, motivation, and the barriers to adherence of virtual reality based therapy (VRBT) in patients with cardiac diseases and risk factors to the development of cardiac diseases. In addition, to investigate autonomic and hemodynamic responses of VRBT in comparison with conventional therapy (CT). To do this, patients with cardiac diseases or risk factors will be invited to perform CT or VRBT+CT. They will be submitted to an initial evaluation, and then will be random allocated to 12 weeks of intervention and to a final evaluation. The primary outcomes includes engagement, motivation, barriers and adherence in the 12 previous weeks using questionnaire, after 12 weeks of the intervention and after 12 weeks of the final intervention program. Hemodynamic and autonomic responses will be considered the secondary outcomes being evaluated before, during and after a session at the first, sixth and twelfth week.
The modifications of the medicinal treatments secondary to the hospitalizations have multiple reasons: reassessment of the previous treatment (conciliation), new therapeutic necessities, potential risk of iatrogeny or of drug interaction, restrictions of the therapeutic booklet, classification in reserve or hospital prescription ... These modifications are potentially generating extra costs for the Health Insurance and are monitored under the terms of the Contract of Good Use. The aims of this analysis are to define the medical-pharmaceutical rationale of the treatment changes imposed by hospitalization in a university-hospital center, their influence on the security of the medical treatment of patients and their financial implications for healthcare organizations
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become a standard monitoring tool during cardiac surgery. It allows continuous accurate assessment of heart structures and function without interfering with the surgery and the anesthetics. The imaging of cardiac structures is used to direct optimal surgical intervention and assess surgical results. Cardiac output (CO) is the result of stroke volume (SV) multiplied by the heart rate. Measurement of cardiac output (CO) is used to quantify the performance of the left ventricle. It is commonly achieved using a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) (also known ad Swann-Ganz catheter). A known amount of saline solution is injected in the proximal part of the catheter and the variation of blood temperature detected at the tip. Cardiac output is measured based on the duration and degree of temperature change. This method remains an accepted gold standard. TEE allows measurement of cardiac output using a number of different 2D and 3D imaging modalities. Although current guidelines identify the Method of the Disks(MOD) as the gold standard other technique could potentially be more precise. In this study, the investigators want to assess the accuracy of four different TEE methods to measure cardiac output compared with Thermodilution as a standard of care.
Researchers will compare the effects of lidocaine versus air, as a way to fill the breathing tube cuff which is gently inflated to hold in place the trachea (airway) during surgery. Air is the traditional method used to inflate the breathing tube cuff. Researchers wish to find if lidocaine works better than air to facilitate tolerance to the breathing tube (decreased coughing, sore throat, hoarseness). They also want to learn more about its effectiveness for this particular surgical intervention.