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The modifications of the medicinal treatments secondary to the hospitalizations have multiple reasons: reassessment of the previous treatment (conciliation), new therapeutic necessities, potential risk of iatrogeny or of drug interaction, restrictions of the therapeutic booklet, classification in reserve or hospital prescription ... These modifications are potentially generating extra costs for the Health Insurance and are monitored under the terms of the Contract of Good Use. The aims of this analysis are to define the medical-pharmaceutical rationale of the treatment changes imposed by hospitalization in a university-hospital center, their influence on the security of the medical treatment of patients and their financial implications for healthcare organizations
Transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) has become a standard monitoring tool during cardiac surgery. It allows continuous accurate assessment of heart structures and function without interfering with the surgery and the anesthetics. The imaging of cardiac structures is used to direct optimal surgical intervention and assess surgical results. Cardiac output (CO) is the result of stroke volume (SV) multiplied by the heart rate. Measurement of cardiac output (CO) is used to quantify the performance of the left ventricle. It is commonly achieved using a pulmonary artery catheter (PAC) (also known ad Swann-Ganz catheter). A known amount of saline solution is injected in the proximal part of the catheter and the variation of blood temperature detected at the tip. Cardiac output is measured based on the duration and degree of temperature change. This method remains an accepted gold standard. TEE allows measurement of cardiac output using a number of different 2D and 3D imaging modalities. Although current guidelines identify the Method of the Disks(MOD) as the gold standard other technique could potentially be more precise. In this study, the investigators want to assess the accuracy of four different TEE methods to measure cardiac output compared with Thermodilution as a standard of care.
Researchers will compare the effects of lidocaine versus air, as a way to fill the breathing tube cuff which is gently inflated to hold in place the trachea (airway) during surgery. Air is the traditional method used to inflate the breathing tube cuff. Researchers wish to find if lidocaine works better than air to facilitate tolerance to the breathing tube (decreased coughing, sore throat, hoarseness). They also want to learn more about its effectiveness for this particular surgical intervention.
The Transition Navigator Trial (TNT) is a pragmatic randomized controlled trial evaluating the effectiveness of usual care plus a patient navigator service versus usual care plus newsletters and other educational materials, to improve transition outcomes among adolescents aged 16-21 who have chronic health conditions requiring transfer to adult specialty care. The study will provide urgently needed data to guide health care providers and policy makers regarding the provision of coordinated transition care. These results have the potential to: 1. Change care delivery 2. Improve health outcomes 3. Improve the experiences of young adult transition to adult care
Patients who have just experienced a first major cardiac event are at risk of experiencing heightened negative emotions, which further negatively impact self-management of health behaviors. For those patients in phase II cardiac rehabilitation, there is an opportunity to address physical and emotional wellbeing to optimize self-management of diet and exercise. This study will pilot test an intervention aimed at improving these patients' abilities to regulate their emotions as a mechanism to minimize psychological distress and improve self-management of diet and exercise, as well as improve quality of life. This innovative pilot will generate knowledge about the impact of emotion regulation in first event cardiac rehabilitation patients.
Cardiac computed tomography (CCT) is one of the standard non-invasive imaging techniques allowing imaging of the heart and coronary arteries with a high temporal and spatial resolution. The high sensitivity and negative predictive value (NPV) of coronary CT angiography (CCTA) make it a valuable tool in the assessment of coronary artery disease (CAD) in patients with low to intermediate risk for CAD, especially to rule out CAD. This risk stratification can be done with help of multiple different risk-calculators (e.g. the updated Diamond-Forrester model by Genders et al. 2012). These calculators take different variables into account, e.g. advanced age, gender, blood pressure, diabetes mellitus (DM), lipid profile and smoking. The aim of CCTA is a high diagnostic accuracy, which depends on both optimal intravascular enhancement (in Hounsfield Units; minimal 325 HU) and contrast-to-noise ratio (CNR). Optimal intravascular enhancement and CNR depend on different factors such as scan technique (e.g. tube voltage, tube potential), parameters of the administered contrast material (CM) and patient related factors (e.g. cardiac output (CO), body weight (BW)). Patients with cardiac diseases often have multiple risk factors for developing contrast induced nephropathy (CIN), e.g. diabetes mellitus, advanced age, hypertension and chronic kidney disease. Although the relationship between CTA and CIN has recently come to discussion (AMACING trial; Nijssen et al. 2017), it is still desirable to minimise the CM volume used in these patients. One method to reduce the CM volume is to personalise the injection protocols. The personalisation of injection protocols to the individual patient is gaining more attention in the field of CT imaging. The goal is to individualise the injection protocols to a level, where the patient only receives the minimal amount of CM needed to acquire a diagnostic scan, while maintaining a diagnostic image quality. Many techniques are available and have been studied, e.g. adjustment of CM volume to scan protocol, CO, lean body weight (LBW) and BW. However, no data is available on which of these is the most beneficial method for the personalisation of CM injection protocols. Therefore, the aim of this study is to assess the performance of three different personalized injection protocols (based on CO, LBW and BW) in CCTA with regard to image quality in comparison to previously used protocols in our department. We hypothesize that the personalized injection protocols will be non-inferior, provide a homogenous coronary enhancement (less non-diagnostic scans) in patients, and will account for a reduction of CM volume in our department in comparison to the previously used protocols.
The purpose of this study is to identify measures of obesity, functional capacity, and specific biomarkers that may be predictive of obesity and post-operative outcomes.
CAROLE seeks to evaluate the relationship between chest Radiation Therapy and coronary artery disease. The purpose of CAROLE is to check the heart health of women who received breast cancer treatments in the past and protect them from future heart disease.
This study intends to investigate the relevant risk factors of perioperation complications or mortality in older patients with cardiac diseases undergoing teeth extraction surgery and this study aims to quantify the risk factors and then to establish the predictive scoring systems. Hypothesis:Preoperative parameters could predict postoperative complications.
Autologous blood transfused at the end of cardiopulmonary bypass will reduce total blood loss 24 hours after surgery and improve mitochondrial oxygen delivery measured by plasma succinate levels. The study design is a prospective randomized interventional trial of transfusion of fresh autologous whole blood versus standard of care expectant management of bleeding during elective cardiac surgery.