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Clinical Trial Summary

The overall goal of this study is to identify the most effective and efficient advance care planning (ACP) strategy for patients with advanced cancer.

The specific aims are to:

Aim 1. Compare the effectiveness of in-person, facilitated ACP versus web-based ACP on patient and family caregiver outcomes.

Aim 2. Assess implementation costs and the effects of in-person, facilitated ACP and web-based ACP on healthcare utilization at end of life.

Aim 3. Identify contexts and mechanisms that influence the effectiveness of in-person, facilitated ACP versus web-based ACP.

Clinical Trial Description

Study investigators will conduct a single-blind, patient-level randomized trial to compare the effectiveness of two different patient-facing advance care planning (ACP) interventions. Investigators will enroll 400 patients with advanced cancer and their family caregivers to receive either (1) in-person discussions with trained facilitators or (2) web-based ACP using interactive videos. Because these approaches have never been compared directly, it is unclear whether one form of advance care planning is more potent, and if so, for whom and under what circumstances.

Aim 1 compares the effectiveness of in-person, facilitated ACP versus web-based ACP on patient and family caregiver outcomes (ACP engagement, ACP discussions, advance directive completion, goal attainment, and caregiver psychological symptoms). Aim 2 assesses implementation costs of each intervention and effects on healthcare utilization at end of life. Aim 3 identifies contexts and mechanisms influencing the effectiveness of each approach. Primary patient outcomes will be assessed at 12 weeks. Participants will be followed until 12 weeks after the patient's death or completion of the 48-month data collection period, whichever occurs first. In-depth interviews with patients, caregivers, and clinicians will begin in Year 2 of the grant and continue until thematic saturation is reached. ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03824158
Study type Interventional
Source University of Pittsburgh
Contact Yael Schenker, MD, MAS
Phone 412-864-2375
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date March 2019
Completion date February 2024

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