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Clinical Trial Summary

Role of Oncoplastic Breast Surgery In Breast Cancer Treatement

Clinical Trial Description

Breast cancer is the most common cancer in women throughout the world (FerlayJ.,2010) .

The overarching principle guiding surgical management of women with breast cancer remains the oncological safety. The mainstay of satisfactory local control continues to be adequate clearance of the primary tumour and involved axillary lymph nodes. Improvements in understanding of tumour biology have enabled the risk of loco-regional recurrence and distant events to be further reduced by adjuvant, or neo-adjuvant, radiotherapy and systemic treatments. In keeping with this, breast conserving therapy has become well established as the treatment of choice for most women with early breast cancer . However, approximately one-third of women still undergo mastectomy, either due to patient preference or in cases where breast conservation is not oncologically or aesthetically compatible with the size or distribution of disease. (Reefy et al; 2010)

The primary aim of BCS is preservation of the breast while adhering to oncologic principles, with the secondary objective to provide breast aesthetics. In recent years, with advances in early detection and adjuvant therapy life expectancy has prolonged in breast cancer prolonged and quality of life issues have gained importance (Veiga DF.,2010)

Skin sparing mastectomy involves the en-bloc removal of all glandular tissue including the nipple-areola complex and in some cases adjacent biopsy scars and skin overlying superficial tumours. In contrast to conventional mastectomy, there is maximal preservation of the remaining breast skin envelope and infra-mammary fold that facilitate immediate breast reconstruction with autologous tissue and/or prosthetic implants by utilising the native skin envelope to optimise the contour, texture, colour and scarring of the reconstructed breast. (Cunnick and Mokbel; 2004).

Due to the positive results obtained in the surgical treatment of breast cancer, the prevalence of this technique is increasing throughout the world and our country. There was an approximately 2.3-fold increase in OBS publications over the last five years (Losken A et al.,2014)

Surgical planning and timing of reconstruction should include breast volume, tumor location, the extent of glandular tissue resected, enabling each patient to receive an individual "custom-made" reconstruction. With immediate oncoplastic approach, the surgical process is smooth since oncological and reconstructive surgery can be associated in one operative setting. Additionally, because there is no scar and fibrosis tissue, breast reshaping is easier, and the aesthetic is improved (Munhoz AM et al .,2011) When considering a patient for an oncoplastic breast conserving procedure, the following points must be considered:

1. volume of tissue to be excised;

2. tumour location;

3. breast size and glandular density;

4. patient related risk factors, particularly smoking, obesity, diabetes, previous surgery;

5. adjuvant therapies. Excision volume is the single, most predictive factor for breast deformity (Clough KB et al .,2010).

Recently, several studies have contributed to the evidence base supporting the oncological adequacy of skin sparing mastectomy in selected early-stage breast cancer , excluding inflammatory breast cancer and tumours with extensive involvement of the skin. In this study the oncological safety, post-operative morbidity and patients' satisfaction with skin sparing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction will be evaluated in a prospective cohort of women with early-stage breast cancer. (Cunnick and Mokbel; 2004) Skin sparing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction is particularly attractive for women with ductal Carcinoma In-Situ in view of the fact that post-mastectomy radiotherapy is not given to the reconstructed breast and the risk of loco-regional recurrence is very low. (Spiegel and Butler; 2003)

Most women who will undergo skin sparing mastectomy and immediate breast reconstruction for early-stage breast cancer will not require post-mastectomy radiotherapy. However, post-mastectomy radiotherapy has been shown to reduce loco-regional recurrence and improve survival for patients with three or more involved regional lymph nodes or tumors >5 cm. (Recht and Edge; 2003) Mastectomy can also be indicated in several non-invasive conditions. Ductal Carcinoma In-Situ may necessitate mastectomy when the lesions are extensive, multi-centric or recurrent, however, patients request to be managed in this way. Mastectomy for ductal Carcinoma In-Situ is associated with cure rates in excess of 98%. (Mokbel; 2003) ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03273348
Study type Interventional
Source Assiut University
Contact Alaa mohammed sebaiy, MSc
Phone 01142950929
Status Not yet recruiting
Phase N/A
Start date September 28, 2017
Completion date October 28, 2019

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