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Clinical Trial Summary

MicroRNAs (MiRNAs) regulate the translation of RNAs and are implicated in cell proliferation and renewal both under physiologically normal as well as in malignant conditions. Dysregulation of specific miRNAs may be associated with either gaining oncogenic or loosing tumor suppressing functions. MiRNA dysregulation has been implicated in breast cancer tumorigenic (stem cell) and non-tumorigenic development. Therefore, miRNA profiling of treatment naïve and treatment-exposed breast tumors and sequential samples of blood/serum will allow for identification of miRNA markers of prognosis and as indicators and potential targets for personalized therapies. In this proposal, specimens from patients treated in the clinical breast cancer program on already existing protocols (IRB 05091 and 05015) will be characterized by Dr. Rossi's laboratory and collaborators, and the information gained will be applied to develop specific therapies.

Clinical Trial Description

Current neoadjuvant or adjuvant treatment strategies do not allow for rationale incorporation of such agents. One needs tools to predict both de novo and acquired resistance to therapeutic agents. This is a difficult task, due to the compound nature of escape routes: tumor exposure is usually to a combination of therapeutic agents and the mechanisms of resistance are broad: intrinsic resistance due to existing mutations, or regulatory - miRNA, other epigenetic - alterations, polymorphisms, tumor cell adaptation via new mutations and activation of alternative pathways, lack of optimal pharmacokinetics/genomics, activation of efflux mechanisms, accelerated repair mechanisms are involved.

Similarly, not all patients who are candidates for primary surgical intervention to be followed by post-operative adjuvant therapy benefit from such systemic treatments. The mechanisms of resistance be it de novo in surviving stem cell/tumorigenic components, or acquired by cells left behind "dormant" after the surgical intervention, are not well delineated.

Breast tumors subjected to neoadjuvant chemotherapy allow for baseline and treatment-effected sampling. Characterization of core biopsy specimens of primary tumors procured prior to exposure to neoadjuvant therapy from different varieties of breast cancer subtypes, and of subsequent mid-treatment and intraoperative (procured during definitive surgery following completion of neoadjuvant therapy) samples should help to assess the predictive value of the pre-treatment and post-treatment miRNA expression profile for complete and near complete response, as a surrogate marker for survival. Similarly, patterns of de novo and acquired resistance may emerge when assessment of pre- and post treatment miRNA expression profiles are analyzed in a supervised manner of classification using pathological response as classifier. Samples obtained from patients with primary surgical removal of their tumors before any systemic treatment exposure on the other hand, will allow for determining markers of prognosis, and predictors for response to therapeutic targeting agents.

Time Perspective: Retrospective/Prospective ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT01231386
Study type Observational
Source City of Hope Medical Center
Contact George Somlo, MD
Phone 800 826-4673
Status Recruiting
Start date November 2009
Completion date April 2019

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