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Two randomised controlled trials will be conducted to evaluate a virtual reality (VR) simulation designed to reduce stigma against depression. Qualitative interviews will also be carried out to evaluate the VR simulation.
Designing food and drink that maximizes satiety has long been an ambition of industry and public health. For obvious reasons, foods that fill faster and for longer are desirable to consumers for controlling their weight, and to public health programs that are designed to prevent obesity. Current methods for measuring satiety have weak predictive value, commonly fail to replicate, and are yet to be validated with respect to energy consumption in everyday life. The investigators propose to overcome this deficiency by developing the Omnibus Satiety Metric (OmniSaM). OmniSaM is proposed as a multi-modal metric that targets the full spectrum of processes underlying the satiety cascade, composing brain, blood, mind and behavior of consumers. As a proof-of-concept, subjects (normal BMI) will undergo a preload ad libitum paradigm, with a 2-parameter factorial design comparing milk based products differing in levels of caloric load and protein-to-carbohydrate ratio. The investigators will acquire 1. high-resolution neuroimaging data, whilst 2. simultaneously recording appetitive hormones, 3. blood metabolite composition, 4. subjective sensory indices of appetite and 4. behavioral metrics of consumption.
Despite the evidence and the potential of physical activity related to cognition and academic performance in children, the effects of a before-school physical activity program on these parameters remains unknown.
This study will examine the effects of a school based exercise programme on anxiety and behaviour levels in children with autism.
In this feasibility study the investigators are using a setup of stress-related body sensors including established as well as innovative sensor-based measures to identify predictor profiles for alcohol-related behavioral and neural measures in Alcohol Use Disorder (AUD). Long-term aim is the definition of a setup of mobile sensors and their integration in a mobile infrastructure that allows the prediction of stress related alcohol intake in an ambulatory setting.
The purpose of this study is to examine the effect of three specific odors on simulated driving performance. It is hypothesized that the presence of peppermint, rosemary, and zest/pulp will increase memory recall for navigation and improve reaction times for braking, compared to performance during unscented conditions
This study will evaluate the extent to which we can engage and manipulate putative targets within the self-regulation domain within and outside of laboratory settings in samples of smokers and overweight/obese individuals with binge eating disorder. This is the fourth phase of a study that aims to identify putative mechanisms of behavior change to develop an overarching "ontology" of self-regulatory processes.
Kalaripayattu is an ancient martial art of India which has been practiced for centuries. It is mentioned in Vedic litrature of Ayurveda,Dhanurveda and Yoga. The main elements of Kalaripayattu include training in physical, combat, breathing exercises, higher form of meditation and specific class of medical treatments. The purpose of the experimental study is to determine the effect of kalaripayattu on psychological well-being and behaviour in children.
This study evaluates the efficacy of Camouflage syringe vs Conventional syringe in reducing Dental Anxiety and increasing behaviour rating.Half of the participants received local anesthesia using camouflaged syringe, while others received using conventional syringe.
The purpose of this study is to develop and test a brief program to help overweight people become more physically active. We plan to design a program that teaches people how to become more active by identifying how fitness enables them to live their lives better. Participants will be asked to complete questionnaires and wear a device that tracks their exercise for 1 week. If accepted into the study, they will receive a 1 day program designed to help them exercise more. Then they will receive phone calls and emails for support after the program. Finally, participants will come in 3 and 6 months after the program to complete the same questionnaires and wear the exercise tracker again. The study is primarily interested in increasing exercise levels, and so we hope to see participants exercising more after the program than they were before. We will also ask them questions (via the questionnaires) that tell us the degree to which they are exercising based on their one desires and values, as opposed to doing it because they were told to.