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This observational study will collect data on the use of the drug Xydalba® in daily clinical practice in Germany. Such observational studies are also referred to as registries. The sponsor of the study is Correvio International Sárl, based in Switzerland. Xydalba® contains the active substance dalbavancin, a remedy for a certain type of bacterial pathogens (so-called "gram positive bacteria") which cause the disease. Active ingredients against bacteria are also called antibiotics. Correvio wants to know which patients received the drug and how the disease went. The treatment places where you got Xydalba, ie clinic, intensive care unit or elsewhere should be recorded. In addition, it is important in this type of medication to track whether the pathogens are changing in any way. Any safety-relevant events (such as side effects) that have occurred during treatment should be investigated by the sponsor and submitted to the competent European authorities.
This is a Phase 1, open-label, multi-center study to determine the pharmacokinetics and safety of intravenous Eravacycline in Children with Suspected or Confirmed Bacterial Infection. Male and Female subjects from 8 to <18 years of age who fulfill the inclusion/exclusion criteria will be enrolled in this study.
The purpose of this study is to examine whether oral taking Lactobacillus rhamnosus GR-1 and Lactobacillus reuteri RC-14 from 28th week of gestation can reduce the GBS colonization rate of vagina and rectum in 35-37 weeks pregnant women as well as during laboring who present with GBS-positive at 28 weeks pregnancy. Through the results of our study, we try to investigate the role of probiotics in preventing the unnecessary tests, admission and antibiotic treatment in newborn with GBS-positive mother who deliver fewer than 4 hours after laboring and the influence of improving cervical diagnostics quality for postpartum Pap testing. Investigators hope the findings may have some effects on GBS sepsis and protocols as well as cervical diagnosis.
Data regarding optimal treatment for extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) producing Enterobacteriaceae blood-stream infection are lacking. Observational studies show conflicting results when comparing treatment with combination beta-lactam-beta-lactamase inhibitor and carbapenems. The investigators aim to evaluate the effect of definitive treatment with meropenem vs. piperacillin-tazobactam on the outcome of patients with bacteremia due to cephalosporin-non-susceptible Enterobacteriaceae. The investigators hypothesize that piperacillin-tazobactam is non-inferior to meropenem.
This study will determine the effectiveness of CUTIMED® hydrophobic dressings against AQUACEL® silver dressings in bacterial colonization of vascular ulcers.
Urinary tract infections are the second most common community-acquired infections. Even if extended spectrum β-lactamase-producing Enterobacteriaceae (ESBLE) cause fewer urinary tract infections, their proportion is increasing. New recommendations were published by ANSM in 2015, with specific recommendations for infections due to ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae. In this study, we wanted to evaluate the effectiveness of a recall of the 2015 recommendations in the form of a table attached to the ECBU report, associated with hygiene recommendations. Methodology: This prospective, multi-center, non-interventional study was conducted in collaboration with the Labazur laboratory over two 2-month periods, one without modification of the laboratory's practices, the other with the addition of documents on the CBEU report. The primary endpoint was the adequacy of prescriptions to ANSM 2015 recommendations.
This study is specifically designed to provide observational data which can be used to help in the design of future randomized clinical trials on both therapeutics and diagnostics for MDRO infections. To this end, clinical and epidemiological data will be collected on patients who have MDRO isolated from clinical cultures during hospitalization, as well as descriptions of the outcomes of patients treated with various antimicrobial regimens. Molecular and microbiological characterization will also be performed on MDRO isolates. These data will include a detailed clinical and epidemiological description of patients including identifying potential barriers to enrollment in future trials. In addition, data will be collected on species, strain type, and mechanism of drug resistance of the causative organism. Knowing the molecular characteristics will further inform future trial design as not all diagnostics detect and not all therapeutics are active against the same mechanisms of resistance.
There is evidence that the current dosing recommendations of ceftazidime in hemodialysis patients may not reach the critical pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamics thresholds associated with maximal efficacy. The primary objective is to assess whether the standard doses of ceftazidime (1 or 2 g) administered at the end of the dialysis session (intermittent dialysis) allow to obtain a trough level equal or superior to 8 mg/L if the causative organism is not identified or 1 x the MIC if it is identified and its in vitro susceptibility to ceftazidime established. The secondary objectives will be (i) to assess whether a trough level equal or superior to 32 mg/L (if the causative organism is not identified) and 4 x its MIC (if identified and its in vitro susceptibility established) can be obtained; (ii) whether the criteria mentioned above also apply to the free fractions of ceftazidime; (iii) to assess whether reaching the desired free and total trough concentrations impacts the clinical outcome of the patient; (iv) to assess whether the main hemodialysis parameters impact on ceftazidime total and free serum concentrations; (v) to assess the impact of patient's residual renal function on the ceftazidime serum free and total concentrations; (vi) to assess the impact of potential drug-drug interactions on ceftazidime serum free and total concentrations; (vii) to assess how the MIC of the causative organism (if known) affects the expected effectiveness of ceftazidime. The study will be prospective and monocentric. Drug assay will be made High Performance Liquid Chromatography (HPLC) and UV photometric detection (confirmed by tandem mass spectrometry detection[HPLC-MS-MS]). Free concentration will be measured after separation by membrane sieving. The expected number of enrolled patients will be 20 (arbitrarily chosen but compatible with previous studies and the possibilities of the Institution in which the study will be performed. The standard dose of ceftazidime will be (i) a loading dose of 2 g followed by a maintenance dose of 1 g (the dose may be modified by the clinician in charge if deemed necessary and recorded accordingly). The data obtained will be used for pharmacokinetic modelling and population pharmacokinetics, followed by Monte-Carlo simulations to obtain population-wide predictions and to draw conclusions that could be applicable to a larger population.
Bone and joint infections (BJI) is a public health issue in industrialized countries. Implant-associated BJI, are complex hospital-acquired infections and eradication of the pathogen is challenging in such patients. A prolonged antimicrobial therapy is usually required from 6 weeks to 3 months, but some patients are eligible to several years of treatment and most of patients report gastrointestinal troubles, such as nausea and mild to severe diarrhea (but very few developed C. difficile diarrhea). Moreover, the host gut microbiota is probably largely affected in abundance, richness and diversity. Indeed, it is known, that few days of antibiotics are sufficient to induce significant alterations of the gut microbiota, also called dysbiosis. Severe dysbiosis, which is potentially irreversible and associated with a definitive shift in the gut microbiota metabolism and host homeostasis, may lead to and/or promote a large panel of severe diseases such as Clostridium difficile infection, diabetes mellitus, obesity, inflammatory bowel disease (IBD), cirrhosis, neurological disorders and cancer. It may also be associated with BJI recurrence and then impact global health costs. The main objective of this study is to constitute biobanking of stools and perform DNA sequencing of the gut microbiota in patients with acute or sub-acute implant-related Bone and Joint Infection (BJI), caused by Staphylococcus aureus.
This study concerns patients having had an infection on their prosthesis (hip, knee,..) and for whom a 2-step exchange of prosthesis has been done. A 2-step exchange consists in explantation of the prosthesis and implementation of a spacer at the first stage, and reimplantation of a new prosthesis in a second stage. Patients with late prosthetic joint infection are at risk for superinfection at the time of reimplantation. The aim is to determine the microbiological epidemiology in patients experiencing failure following reimplantation to establish, based on the drug susceptibilities, which cement could be the most active.