View clinical trials related to Anxiety Disorders.Filter by:
The investigators are testing a Smartphone-delivered cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) treatment for Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD).
Patients with multiple sclerosis (MS) struggle on a daily basis with accompanying, "Invisible" symptoms like primary fatigue, pain and emotional-cognitive disorders. With the disease progression, these symptoms only intensify, and in combination with basic physical symptoms, quality of life (QOL) rapidly decreases. An important goal of researchers and clinicians involves improving the QOL of individuals with MS, and the exercise therapy represents potentially modifiable behavior that positively impacts on pathogenesis of MS and these "Invisible" symptoms, thus improving the QOL. However, the main barrier for its application is low motivational level that MS patients experience due to fatigue with adjacent reduced exercise tolerability and mobility, and muscle weakness. Getting individuals with MS motivated to engage in continuous physical activity may be particularly difficult and challenging, especially those with severe disability or Expanded Disability Status Scale (EDSS 6-8). Till now, researchers have focused their attention mainly on the moderate or vigorous intensity of exercise and on cardiorespiratory training in MS patients to achieve improvements in daily life quality, less indicating the exercise content, and most importantly, breathing exercises. In addition, it is investigators intention to make exercise for MS patients more applicable and accessible, motivational and easier, but most important, productive. Investigators think that MS patients experience more stress with aerobic exercise or moderate to high intensity program exercise, and can hardly keep continuum including endurance exercise, or treadmill. Hypothesis: Investigators hypothesis is that 8-weeks of continuous low demanding or mild exercise program with the accent on breathing exercise can attenuate primary fatigue, pain, headaches, emotional-cognitive and sleep dysfunctions in MS patients and provide maintenance of exercise motivation. Investigators also propose that important assistant factor for final goal achievement is social and mental support of the exercise group (EDSS from 0-8) led by a physiotherapist. This will help to maintain exercise motivation and finally make better psychophysical functioning, and thus better QOL.
Few older adults receive treatment for Generalized Anxiety Disorder (GAD) despite a high prevalence in this population and significant associated health care costs. Although older adults generally prefer psychotherapy to medication for help with anxiety, face-to-face psychotherapy is difficult to access for many of them. Psychological guided self-help (GSH), which patients use by themselves at home under the supervision of a licensed mental health provider (e.g., psychologist), has been shown to be effective. However, the capacity of our health care system to respond adequately to the mental health needs of seniors has been questioned and cost-effective solutions are required. Because the therapist's role in GSH is limited to supporting the patient, it is conceivable that this role could be assumed by trained and supervised lay providers (LP) instead of licensed providers. If this approach is effective, it could help provide many older adults with much needed mental health treatment at a lower cost. The main objective of this project is to evaluate the effectiveness of GSH guided by LP for GAD in older adults. Participants will be assigned randomly to an experimental group, which will receive treatment immediately, or to a control group whose treatment will be delayed. Data will be obtained through clinician evaluations and self-assessment questionnaires. They will include socio-demographic characteristics, symptoms of GAD, variables related to anxiety, such as depression and sleep difficulties, and participants' perception of treatment. For the experimental group, data collection will take place at four different times: before treatment begins, after treatment ends, and at 6 and 12 months after the end of treatment. Control group participants will be assessed on three occasions: before and after the waiting period and after receiving treatment. The efficacy of GSH will be established by comparing the change in the two groups on the main variables. We will also identify the characteristics of patients associated with improvement during treatment and document their perception of treatment.
Anxiety disorders are the most common childhood psychiatric disorders, with prevalence rates as high as 15% to 20%. Success rates of the first choice treatment strategy (i.e. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy; CBT) are around 50%. Non-response increases the risk for other psychiatric disorders, school dropout, social isolation, alcoholism, and suicide attempts. These negative consequences endorse the urgent need to develop more effective and accessible treatments that enhance effectiveness of current treatment options. A promising new treatment for childhood anxiety disorders is Attention Bias Modification Treatment (ABMT). ABMT is based on evidence that anxiety-disordered individuals selectively allocate their attention toward threatening information (i.e. attention bias). This bias in early and automatic attention processes starts a cascade of subsequent biases in information processing and memory, resulting in heightened anxiety. Attention bias is an underlying mechanism of anxiety. Thus ABMT, which implicitly trains individuals to attend away from threatening information should alleviate anxiety. In contrast to ABMT, CBT explicitly targets later stages of information processing that are under volitional control. Meta-analyses of studies in adults have shown that ABMT indeed results in increased recovery rates and clinically significant changes in anxiety, compared to so-called "sham" attention training (control condition). Imaging studies have shown that ABMT modifies lateral prefrontal cortex activity to emotional stimuli. Despite its promising results, fewer studies have examined ABMT in anxiety-disordered children. The aim of this trial is to enhance treatment effectiveness by combining web-based ABMT with CBT in a large sample of anxiety-disordered children. The primary aim is to compare ABMT-augmented CBT with CBT as monotherapy on recovery rates for anxiety disorders and changes in anxiety. The secondary aim is to compare ABMT with sham attention training on anxiety disorder recovery rates and changes in anxiety. We hypothesize that (1) ABMT-augmented CBT will result in a significantly better treatment success than CBT alone, and (2) ABMT will result in a significantly better treatment success than sham attention training. The design will be a randomized, double-blind, sham-controlled clinical trial.
Aim: Aerobic and resistance exercise showed anxiolytic effects in clinical populations. Climbing could further enhance self-efficacy. Aim of the study is to examine whether climbing exercise and aerobic exercise, compared to social contact control, reduces symptoms of disease in out-patients with anxiety disorder (AD) and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Further analyses are aiming to reveal differences between climbing - and aerobic exercise. Design: Randomized controlled clinical trial Participants: Thirty out-patients diagnosed with International Classification of Disease-Version 10 (ICD-10) (F40, F41, F43.1) for AD or PTSD. Intervention: Out-patients will be assigned randomly to a climbing exercise group (a), aerobic exercise group (Nordic walking) (b) or social contact control group (c). Measurements: Primary outcome is symptom severity in AD or Post Traumatic Stress Disorders. Further secondary outcomes are evaluated by psychological questionnaires assessing depression, worry symptoms, quality of life, self-efficacy and affective responses. Metabolites of neurotransmitters, immune-activation markers and anthropometric data will be additionally provided as secondary physiological outcomes. Duration: Intervention duration is four weeks with 2 x 75 min for every group (climbing exercise, aerobic exercise, social contact control). Measurement points are set at the beginning (t1), at the end of the intervention (t2) and 3 (t3) and 6 (t4) months follow-up.
This study will assess the anxiety that patients are experiencing during a Mohs micrographic surgery. The study will compare the feelings of anxiety experienced by patients returning for Mohs surgery after already undergoing the surgery at least one time to feelings experienced by patients who have never had Mohs surgery before. The study will also compare the feelings experienced by patients who have read a vignette about the typical Mohs experience to the feelings of patients who have not read a vignette.
We will investigate whether the use of Virtual Reality (VR) preoperatively and intraoperatively can help treat pain and anxiety, as measured by patient feedback, vital signs trends, and the amounts of anesthetics, pain medications and anxiolytics used during surgical procedures. The VR intervention will be studied during short hand surgeries normally performed using local anesthesia and sedation.
This study will examine whether transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) can be used to improve outcomes from exposure therapy for social anxiety disorder, and facilitate extinction of fear responding toward individuals outside one's own ethnic group (i.e., ethnic out-group members).
120 consecutive female patients, 18-65 years old, American Society of Anesthesiologists (ASA) physical status I or II, scheduled for hysteroscopic surgery under propofol-based intravenous anesthesia will be recruited in this cohort study. The day before surgery, participants will be assessed the state of preoperative anxiety and depression. On the day of surgery, we will administer the propofol by target controlled infusion (TCI) pump. During induction of anesthesia, we will evaluate the level of sedation. The induction dose of propofol, target effect-site concentration(Cet), calculated plasma concentration(Cp) and predicted effect-site concentration (Ce) of propofol will be recorded.
Anxiety and pain are emotions that the child often experiences in the dental office, generating the appearance of negative, uncooperative and even disruptive behaviors during the treatment; these make it difficult for dental care and the possibility of establishing a relationship of trust between the pediatric dentist and the patient. The pediatric dentist must promote a positive attitude of the child throughout the dental treatment, keep the child calm and avoid feeling pain is essential at each appointment. When carrying out dental treatments that are more invasive or painful for the patient, such as pulpotomies, it is difficult to distinguish and separate anxiety from pain. In this project, anxiety/pain will be managed as a whole, to assess it with the same scale, and to correlate the scores obtained with the variations in skin conductance and heart rate, before, during and after perform pulpotomies in children.