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This will be a randomised control trial designed to test the effectiveness of lactoferrin in the management of treatment-induced anemia in patients with hematological malignancies.
The study will be conducted in compliance with the International Council for Harmonisation (ICH) of Technical Requirements for Registration of Pharmaceuticals for Human Use/Good Clinical Practice (GCP) and applicable regulatory requirements. This is an interventional active-controlled, open-label, randomized Phase 3 study to compare the efficacy and safety of luspatercept (ACE-536) versus epoetin alfa for the treatment of anemia due to IPSS-R very low, low or intermediate risk MDS in ESA naïve subjects who require RBC transfusions. The study is divided into the Screening Period, a Treatment Period and a Post-Treatment Follow-up Period.
Sickle cell anaemia (SCA) is a common hereditary haemoglobin disorder in Africa. World wide it is estimated that about 300,000 newborns are born every year. Of which 75% of them live in Sub-saharan Africa (SSA). In Uganda, about 15,000 babies are born with sickle cell disease per year. In Uganda, the stroke prevalence was found to be 6.2% in children admitted to the National referral hospital in Kampala. Notable between 21 to 30% of these children presented with co-morbidities such as anaemia, bacteraemia and painfull crisis. Stroke in SCA is mediated by several mechanism such as cellular adhesions, inflammatory markers, hemolysis associated oxidative stress and hemostatic activation. Stroke in SCA is primarily a large vessel stroke and the mechanisim state above lead to a narrowing of the lumen of the cerebral arteries Arterial ischaemic stroke which occurs frequently in children with SCA has been associated with bacterial infections. Recent studies have shown that minor infections such as flu like infections can play a critical role in the trigger of stroke in children. Our hypothesis is that viral flu infections is a key trigger for the risk of stroke in children with SCA. Our objective is to prevent the occurrence of flu illnesses in children with SCA thereby reducing the risk for stroke in our population of children with SCA. Methods: A randomized controlled double blinded study Study site: The study will be conducted at the Sickle Cell Clinic (SCC), Mulago Hospital. Inclusion criteria: will be ;age between 2 years and 12 years;All children whose parents will have consented and those above 7years will have to assent. Exclusion criteria: all children with previous strokes; children who have acute illness and are not clinically stable; any child with previous documented adverse event following immunization (AEFI). Sample Size: Using Open EPI calculator for cohort studies we calculated a total sample size of 136 participant to achieve our objective. Using a 95% confidence interval, power of 80% and an unexposed outcome of 25% (4) using a ratio of 1:1. Each arm will have 68 participants. With anticipated 10% loss to follow up a total sample size of 150 with each arm having 75 participants. Study utility: Globally, stroke triggers have been recently identified independent of the existing risk factors such as high cerebral velocity speeds on TCDs. Flues like illnesses have been reported to be stroke triggers in children with arterial ischaemic strokes worldwide.This study may influence the role of influenza vaccination in the prevention of stroke triggers in children with sickle cell anaemia. It will also add to the existing modalities which have helped to reduce the incidence of stroke amongst this high risk group of children with
The purpose of the study is to identify predictors of treatment response. This involves collected baseline clinical parameters and bloods for biochemical parameters prior to administering the study treatment. A positive outcome following treatment was defined as an uptitration of haemoglobin by greater than 5g/l within 2 months. The study evaluated the participants response to treatment against the clinical and biochemical information collected prior to treatment being received.
This randomized controlled trial includes pregnant women with anemia. They are randomized to IV iron infusions or to oral iron supplementation. Pregnancy outcomes are assessed.
Determine the value of the initial measurement of the hemoglobin content of reticulocytes (RET-He) for predicting the response to martial treatment for patients with a solid tumor with a functional martial deficiency as defined NCCN2016 (with or without inflammation). The aim is to refine the current definition of functional martial deficiency in order to best adapt the iron prescription in oncology by giving iron only if necessary, i.e. if the RET is low.
The purpose of this study is to evaluate what effect, if any, mismatched unrelated volunteer donor and/or haploidentical related donor stem cell transplant may have on severe sickle cell disease and other transfusion dependent anemias. By using mismatched unrelated volunteer donor and/or haploidentical related donor stem cells, this study will increase the number of patients who can undergo a stem cell transplant for their specified disease. Additionally, using a T-cell depleted approach should reduce the incidence of graft-versus-host disease which would otherwise be increased in a mismatched transplant setting.
The primary purpose of this study is to describe renal anemia treatment patterns in non-dialysis dependent (ND) and dialysis dependent (DD) populations, with a particular focus on iron use in erythropoiesis stimulating agent (ESA) treated patients. This study will also provide an epidemiological description of chronic kidney disease (CKD) associated anemia in relation to CKD stage, dialysis modality and underlying morbidity, as well as describe the relationship between inflammation and ESA treatment and describe the associated cardiovascular illness in ESA treated patients.
Myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) are heterogeneous malignant bone marrow disorders characterized by ineffective haematopoiesis, peripheral blood cytopenias and variable risk of leukaemia transformation. Anemia is the most common manifestation of bone marrow failure in MDS. After failure with first-line treatment by Erythropoietin, patients survive in average 5 years under long term blood transfusion. Modalities of blood transfusion are not clearly defined. Then, the objective of this randomized comparative multicentric study is to compare two modalities of threshold for transfusion: - Restrictive group: Hb < 80g/L and Hb maintain between 80 and 100g/L - Liberal group: Hb < 100g/L and Hb maintain between 100 and 120g/L
Background: In endemic settings, among school aged children, malaria accounts for about 13-50% of all school absenteeism, causes anaemia and around 50% of the mortality and impairs the educational achievement of children. Intermittent preventive treatment (IPT) of pregnant women as well as seasonal malaria chemoprevention in children under the age of five have been implemented in several sub-Saharan countries and have proven to be very effective. However, none of these IPT strategies is targeting school children. A clinical trial is being conducted to expand the IPT by testing effectiveness and safety of two antimalarial drugs Sulfadoxine-Pyrimethamine (SP) combined with either Amodiaquine (AQ) or Piperaquine (PPQ) in preventing malaria related morbidity in school aged children (IPTsc). Methods: A superiority, randomized, open label, controlled trial will enrol 3180 school children aged 5-15 years, who will receive either SP+AQ or SP+PPQ or control (no drug ), using a "balanced block design" with the "standard of care" arm as reference. The interventional treatments are given every 4 months 3 rounds for the first year. A second non-interventional year will assess possible rebound effects. All study-arms receive bed nets, early diagnosis and care for malaria, and praziquantel and albendazole as mass treatment for helminthiasis. The primary endpoint are change in mean haemoglobin concentration at months 4,8,16, 12 and 20 of follow-up, and prevalence of malaria asymptomatic infections at month 0, 12 and 20. Adverse events will be monitored throughout the study. Mixed design methods will be used to assess the acceptability, cost-effectiveness and feasibility of this IPTsc as part of a more comprehensive school children health package. Discussion: The national school health programme (NSHP), Tanzania, combines schistosomiasis and soil transmitted helminthes (STH) control package under national schistosomiasis and STH control programme (NSSCP). Malaria intervention using IPTsc strategy may be integrated in NSHP with the same platform as NSSCP, however, there is limited systematic evidence to assess the operational feasibility of this approach. School aged children are a reachable target population in any endemic malaria setting. The suggested strategy will provide effective protection against malaria, hasten either the elimination process and/or diminish the reservoir and burden.