View clinical trials related to Amphetamine-related Disorders.Filter by:
Qualitative project, comprising open-ended semi-structured interviews with healthcare workers, who provide antenatal care to substance-using women.
The purposes of this study are 1) to evaluate the pharmacological effects after oral coadministration of mephedrone and alcohol and 2) determine the pharmacokinetics changes of mephedrone and alcohol concentrations after oral coadministration of mephedrone and alcohol.
The purposes of this study are 1) to evaluate the abuse liability and human pharmacology of mephedrone after oral administration and 2) to compare the pharmacological effects of mephedrone with those obtained after administration of oral 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, ecstasy).
The investigators recently conducted a double-blind, randomized controlled trial (n=60) of limited duration (12 weeks), and found that compared with placebo, oral mirtazapine, an FDA-approved antidepressant, significantly reduced meth use in those receiving mirtazapine, as determined by reduction in meth-positive urines. Sexual risk behaviors also declined significantly in the mirtazapine arm compared to placebo. Mirtazapine decreased meth use despite low adherence: by medical event monitoring system (MEMS) caps, only 48.5% of daily doses were taken. All participants received weekly substance use counseling and monthly, brief clinician-delivered adherence counseling. The investigators propose expanding upon these results by lengthening the treatment period to 24 weeks, with adherence reminders added to the counseling, and determining if efficacy is sustained up to 12 weeks after drug discontinuation. The sample size for this 9-month study is 120.
Extended-release naltrexone (XR-NTX, VIVITROL) is an FDA-approved medication with efficacy in treating alcohol dependence and prevention of relapse to opioid dependence. It has shown promise in reducing relapse to amphetamine use among amphetamine-dependent, yet currently amphetamine-abstinent heterosexuals. The investigators will expand upon this promising work to determine whether monthly intramuscular injections of naltrexone will reduce methamphetamine (meth) use among actively using, meth-dependent men who have sex with men (MSM) in this double-blind randomized controlled trial of extended-release naltrexone versus placebo. The investigators will focus on MSM because of the disproportionate and intertwining epidemics of meth use and HIV in this population.
The purpose of this study is to determinate the effect of a pre-treatment with doxazosin, a alpha1-adrenergic receptor blocker, on the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "ecstasy"). The investigators hypothesize that doxazosin will attenuate the cardiovascular and subjective response to MDMA.
Illicit use of the psychostimulant "Ecstasy" (3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine, MDMA) is considered a major public health issue. In Switzerland, MDMA and congeners are - after cannabis and cocaine - number three in the ranking of the most popular illicit drugs. Worldwide, Ecstasy is estimated to be even the second most popular illicit drug, used by millions of regular users. On the basis of animal data, it is likely that MDMA at high or cumulative doses damages serotonin (5-HT) neurons in the human brain. However, because of a multitude of methodological problems and a limited number of studies conducted in human subjects, no firm conclusions can yet be established whether chronic MDMA exposure produces a long lasting 5-HT deficiency syndrome, with consequent neuropsychiatric risks. To further address the putative neurotoxicity of MDMA in the human brain, we propose that novel functional assays of serotonergic neurotransmission may be useful to clarify this issue. We suggest that a 5-HT challenge study using positron emission tomography (PET) in conjunction with the 5-HT releaser dexfenfluramine [(+)FEN] may test the functional integrity of the 5-HT system in the living human brain. Specifically, in a placebo-controlled study, the 5-HT release capacity of serotonergic neurons shall be investigated by assessing [18F]-altanserin binding to 5-HT2A receptors following (+)FEN challenge in former and continuing MDMA users, and age and sex-matched MDMA-naïve controls. (+)FEN is a potent serotonin releaser without relevant affinity for 5-HT, dopamine (DA) or norepinephrine (NE) receptors, and devoid of acute adverse effects in man. This makes (+)FEN an ideal pharmacological probe to explore functional integrity of serotonin neurotransmission. A second aim of our investigation is to detect possible impairments of cognitive functions and to study their relationship to serotonin neurotransmission as indexed by PET. In the course of the neuroimaging study, the investigators therefore also measure cognitive (e.g. attention, visual and working memory, learning, executive function) and affective functions (e.g. anxiety, impulsivity), suspected to be altered due to chronic MDMA use. Using correlational analyses, the investigators aim to determine if circumscribed regions of altered 5-HT function are associated with specific impairments in cognitive and/or behavioural parameters. We hypothesize that (+)FEN-evoked 5-HT release will discernibly alter availability of 5-HT2A receptors to [18F]-altanserin, with a pattern revealing the spatially heterogeneous vulnerability of 5-HT innervations to MDMA. The investigators predict that [18F]-altanserin volume of distribution (DV) will decline following (+)FEN challenge to a lesser extent in current MDMA users compared to MDMA-naïve control subjects. On the basis of animal data and recent neuroimaging studies in humans, the investigators hypothesize that functional recovery in former MDMA users will be manifest by a normalization or overshoot of the 5-HT release capacity. Our methodology will allow us to quantitatively assess serotonergic functions in the living human brain. The novel combination of (+)FEN-induced release of 5-HT from intracellular storage vesicles and subsequent PET assessment of competitively altered [18F]-altanserin binding at postsynaptic 5-HT2A receptors will provide a more direct biological marker of in vivo serotonin function than has been hitherto available. By applying this new pharmacological challenge/PET neuroimaging approach to groups of current and former users of MDMA, the investigators shall be able to gain important new insight in the debated functional consequences of MDMA use, especially concerning the controversy about the reversibility of 5-HT changes following cessation of MDMA use. Successful completion of this project should have useful implications for public education and harm reduction with respect to MDMA use, and may also facilitate the development of possible treatment options for chronic MDMA users.
The purpose of this study is to determinate the effect of a pre-treatment with carvedilol, a alpha- and beta-adrenergic receptor blocker, on the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy"). The investigators hypothesize that carvedilol will attenuate the cardiovascular and subjective response to MDMA.
The purpose of this study is to determinate the effect of a pre-treatment with centrally acting alpha2-receptor agonist clonidine on the pharmacodynamics and pharmacokinetics of 3,4-methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, "Ecstasy"). The investigators hypothesize that clonidine will attenuate the subjective and cardiovascular response to MDMA.
Until positive results were found with oral naltrexone, no medication has been effective against amphetamine dependence. The primary aim of this pilot study is to replicate the findings of the Swedish team that showed oral Naltrexone prevented relapse to amphetamine addiction and to extend their results by randomizing treatment-seeking amphetamine addicted patients to a 6 month course of VIVITROL (naltrexone for extended-release injectable suspension) or VIVITROL placebo. Patients in each group will receive drug counseling. VIVITROL is administered monthly and may be a better test of efficacy than tablets that must be taken daily.