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Nearly 18% of United States adults meet criteria for alcohol dependence sometime in their lifetime, with only 24% of those individuals ever receiving any treatment for their disorder (Hasin et al., 2007). The pervasiveness of alcohol dependence indicates a need for continued development of high-impact treatments that are both effective and easily disseminated to a broad population. Recent evidence indicates that Episodic Future Thinking (EFT), the ability to self-project and pre-experience a future event, can help individuals to make changes to habitual behaviors, such as alcohol drinking (Snider et al., 2016). In this study, the investigators will evaluate the efficacy of EFT to help individuals reduce alcohol consumption. The investigators anticipate that EFT will result in a reduction in alcohol consumption over a 2-week experimental period when compared to the control group.
The investigators evaluate the efficacy of a computerised program (T.O.P. tool) consisting of an approach avoidance training (AAT) (to retrain action tendencies for alcohol-related stimuli), a visual probe training (VPT) (to retrain attentional bias for alcohol-related stimuli) and the combination of both training procedures versus placebo training, as an add-on to treatment as usual (psycho-education and cognitive behavioral therapy). The investigators include hospitalized detoxified alcohol-dependent patients, who receive a four week training procedure, existing of a pre-assessment, 6 training sessions and a post-assessment. Outcome measures consist of behavioral measures (consumption of alcohol - self report over 1 year), questionnaires (AUDIT; craving on 9-point likert scale) and approach avoidance and visual probe measurement tasks. A six month and 1 year follow-up is included (behavioral measures and AUDIT). Further, the investigators will also assess credibility (9-point likert scale) of the training procedure before the start of the training and immediately after the assessment of the AAT and VPT training.
The purpose of this study is to determine whether patient self-matching (as compared with treatment as usual by expert matching) improves quality of life, retention, and outcome for patients being treated for alcohol problems. There are at least two good reasons for offering patients a choice when the goal is a change in their behavior. The first is that patients are likely to know what treatment works best for them. Secondly, being allowed to choose between options may increase compliance in treatment. As a randomized controlled trial, this study will compare the efficacy of patient self-matching versus treatment-as-usual expert matching. The Self-Match Study is expected to increase knowledge on the importance of involving the alcohol dependent patient in choosing what treatment method is best for him/her instead of having experts to do that. The investigators expect to discover patient involvement as a way to improve compliance in treatment, hence preventing that patients drop out of treatment to early. If this hypothesis proves to be right, clinicians will have a viable strategy for matching treatment methods to patients, since the strategy does not demand further resources in the treatment system.
The goal of this double-blind sham controlled study is to evaluate the effeicacy of continuous theta burst stimulation to the frontal pole as a tool to decrease drug cue reactivity and improve treatment outcomes in treatment-engaged cocaine and alcohol users. All participants will be randomized to receive 10 days of real or sham rTMS to the frontal pole. Brain imaging data and behavioral assessments will be collected at 4 time points - before TMS, after 10 days of TMS, 1 month follow up and 2 month follow up.
Alcohol use disorder, or heavy drinking, is commonly seen in patients who present to trauma centers. These patients are at risk for Alcohol Withdrawal Syndrome (AWS), which is collection of symptoms that can range from anxiety and restlessness to seizures, delirium and even death. The Clinical Institute Withdrawal Assessment (CIWA) tool is routinely used to assess alcohol withdrawal symptoms. Benzodiazepines (BZD) are commonly administered to trauma patients who exhibit symptoms of AWS based on the CIWA scoring system. Although these medications have proven efficacy, they can also have negative side effects which may affect recovery. Valprate (VPA) is a medication which may have efficacy in management of AWS symptoms, thus ameliorating or preventing the need for BZD administration. This trial will study the effectiveness of VPA in the prevention of AWS symptoms by comparing the amount of BZD use in trauma patients who receive BZD treatment as indicated by CIWA scores with patients who receive prophylactic VPA therapy in addition to BZD as indicated by CIWA scores.
Case Control Study : Objective: Frequent Binge drinking during 18-25 years is a risk factor of alcohol addiction in adulthood (25-40 years) Hypothesis: 25% of frequent binge drinking, OR = 2, power 80%, alpha risk : 5% 126 Cases aged 25 to 40 years: alcohol addict patients recruited in Addiction Unit in Rouen University Hospital 126 controls aged 25 to 40 years: non alcohol addict recruited by the Clinical investigation center in Rouen University Hospital An anonymous self-questionnaire was completed Binge Drinking during 18-25 years was retrospectively evaluated Confusion biais was also recorded
The SAMBA study aims to assess the safety and cost comparison of the management of outpatient alcohol detoxification, between an advanced nurse protocol on the one hand (experimental group), and a GP-based treatment on the other hand (standard-of-care group). In the advanced nurse (AN) group, nurses manage alcohol detox using a predefined protocol based on both the Cushman and CIWA-Ar scales. Depending on the Cushman and CIWA-Ar scores, which are calculated at every consultation, advanced nurse can adjust the diazepam dosing. In case of any serious adverse event or uncontrolled withdrawal complication, an addiction specialist stands in back-up and can be appealed to decide whether the outpatient detox can be continued or whether the patient has to be hospitalized. In the GP group, GPs can manage patients as they wish.
This project represents a first step in examining the potential use of fish oil for the treatment of alcohol use disorder (AUD). The investigators will be testing for attenuation of alcohol-induced sedative and stimulant effects, as well as cognitive effects and cerebellar effects in healthy social drinkers.
A prior study in a tightly controlled clinical research environment found individuals with an alcohol use disorder (AUD) benefited more from inpatient (IP) than outpatient (OP) care, if they presented with high alcohol involvement and/or low cognitive functioning. This study sought to: (a) validate and extend these findings within the uncontrolled environment of a community-based treatment center, and (b) test whether inpatients had fewer days of involuntary abstinence (e.g., incarcerations) relative to outpatients. Based on their need for inpatient treatment, using prior cut-points for alcohol involvement and cognitive functioning, participants were randomly assigned within inpatient need group (No Need for IP; Needs IP) to either 21-days of inpatient substance misuse treatment or 21-days of outpatient treatment, all followed by 6 months of continuing outpatient care. Follow-up were conducted an 90-day intervals across 18 months.
The study aims to investigate the effects of a short computerized training as a therapeutic add-on to standard therapy in patients with alcohol-use disorder.