View clinical trials related to Adolescent Obesity.Filter by:
The purpose of this study is to evaluate the efficacy of Latino parent-focused education that combines enhancing parent engagement, building quality parent-child relationships, promoting healthy eating and physical activity, and engaging families with community resources for healthy foods on youth energy balance related behaviors and weight status.
Background: Family-based lifestyle intervention programmes have been known to reduce overweight and improve cardiovascular risk in adolescent obesity . This study was designed to address the gap in service provision of a family based weight management program for overweight and obese adolescents. The LITE (Lifestyle Intervention for obese teenagers) group program is a 6-month, family-based behavioural lifestyle intervention, specifically designed to treat obesity in adolescents 10-16 years referred to the Weight Management Clinic. The main principles underpinning LITE program are that parents are identified as the agents of change responsible for implementing lifestyle change in the family . Methods: The study design is a two-arm randomized controlled trial that recruited 60 overweight and obese adolescents 10-16 year olds that attended Kandang Kerbau Women and Children's Hospital(KKH) weight management clinic. Adolescents with secondary cause for obesity are excluded. Participants are randomized to LITE program with usual care or usual care. Briefly, the LITE program involves four x 180 min weekly sessions, followed by three x 90 min monthly sessions, for adolescents and parents. The key aspects covered in the LITE program are in keeping with Health Promotion Board guidelines for the management of overweight and obesity and include healthy food choices and eating patterns, increasing physical activity and reducing sedentary behavior. The parenting aspects aim to support and increase parental capacity to implement and maintain the lifestyle changes. The program takes a solution focused approach with families identifying small changes that they would like to try each week instead of a child-centric approach. Outcome measurement are assessed at 3 and 6 months post baseline and include anthropometric measurements, physical activity, dietary intake, metabolic profile, improvement in positive parenting behaviour and measurement of family support. Primary outcome is change in body mass index (BMI) z-score at 6 months. Secondary aim is to evaluate the changes in waist-height ratio and fat percentage change and improvement in positive parenting behaviour.
Aims-objectives: This study assessed the effect of the Solution Focused Approach (SFA) interview technique on overweight/obese adolescents' nutrition-exercise attitudes and behaviors. Background: Obesity is a serious health problem for all age groups, particularly adolescents; therefore, it is important for adolescents to develop healthy nutrition habits, acquire exercise behaviors. Unless healthy nutrition-exercise behaviors are acquired, obesity can develop in adolescence, continue in adulthood. Focusing on solutions can be effective for overweight/obese adolescents to develop healthy nutrition-exercise behaviors. Design: A pretest-posttest randomized-controlled trial design was used. Methods: The study included 32 overweight/obese adolescents (16 for intervention group, 16 for control group) aged12-13 years who attended a health center, met the inclusion criteria. The SFA interview technique was applied to the intervention group. Eight solution-focused interviews were conducted with each adolescent at two-week intervals (interview length 30 to 45minutes). For each group, anthropometric, metabolic measurement follow-ups were conducted in the first and sixth months. The data were evaluated using independent samples t-test, Mann-Whitney U, Wilcoxon test respectively for normally, non-normally distributed variables. The categorical variables were compared using chi-square test. The value p<0.05 was accepted to be statistically significant.
The study will compare the effects of High Intensity Interval Training (HIIT) with Moderate Intensity Continuous Training (CMIT) as part of a lifestyle intervention program on BMI change in adolescents age 12-16 with obesity.
The study aims to evaluate the possible effects of an exercise program, nutritional and psychological, postural orientation and guidance of oral health on body composition, physical activity levels and lifestyle, physical fitness and health and motor performance, the factors risk of cardiovascular disease, eating habits, the cognition levels, the psychological profile, the body posture of children and adolescent with overweight and obesity, considering the presence of risk genotype associated with the development of obesity. In addition, identify the effects of orientation for oral health on the quality of life and healthy oral habits.
There has been a rise in type 2 diabetes (T2D) rates in adolescents, disproportionately in girls from disadvantaged racial/ethnic groups. This group of girls also is at heightened risk for depression, and depression and T2D are linked. Depressive symptoms are a risk factor for worsening of insulin sensitivity, one if the major precursors to T2D. In preliminary studies, the investigators found that a brief cognitive-behavioral therapy group decreased depressive symptoms and prevented worsening of insulin sensitivity in adolescent girls at-risk for T2D with moderate depressive symptoms. The aims of this study are: 1) to assess the efficacy of a cognitive-behavioral therapy depression group vs. a health education control group for improving insulin sensitivity and preserving insulin secretion in racially/ethnically diverse adolescent girls at-risk for T2D with moderate depressive symptoms over a 1-year follow-up; 2) to evaluate changes in eating, physical activity, and sleep as explanatory and 3) to test changes in cortisol factors as explanatory.
While bariatric surgery is established as a safe and effective alternative with well-defined risks for severely obese adults, little has been published on its use in children. There are many unresolved questions concerning the long-term metabolic and psychological consequences of bariatric surgery in adolescents, and the difference with the adult population. The appropriate timing for bariatric surgery in young people, and the predictors of success and safety still need to be determined. The aim of this long-term prospective study is therefore to establish the safety and efficacy profile of surgical procedures and to clarify whether reductions in morbidity and mortality outweigh the risks of serious surgical complications and lifelong nutritional deficiencies.
The purpose of this pilot study is to evaluate the effect of the Trust-building weight Self-management Together (TRUST) intervention on weight self-management behaviors and neural processing in overweight/obese adolescents. Study aims include comparing the effects of the TRUST intervention with Enhanced Usual Care on BMI and quality of life in overweight/obese early adolescents and exploring differences in neural processing (DMT/TPN switching and reward activation).
This study will be the first to evaluate whether the short- and long-term use of activity tracking devices improve short- and long-term weight loss in adolescents. The investigators will be the first to establish whether weight loss translates into a change in obesity-related biomarkers associated with adolescent obesity. In addition, the investigators will be the first to report outcomes after the implementation of activity tracking devices in conjunction with an intense adolescent weight loss program.
This study is designed to study the effect of a family based mindfulness training program with special focus on diet and nutrition on weight and cardiovascular risk markers in obese adolescents.