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Clinical Trial Summary

The purpose of this study was to examine the outcomes of postural stability, activities of daily living function, and motor capacity of persons after stroke who received transcutaneous electrical nerves stimulation (TENS) or functional electrical stimulation (FES), in addition to SR, in the post-stroke acute phase. Such persons were compared with others who received SR alone in order to determine if the addition of TENS or FES resulted in earlier or more effective recovery.

Clinical Trial Description

Based on modern knowledge about the neuro-plastic changes that occur immediately after brain injuries, rehabilitation should be more effective when started soon after brain damaged. Besides, knowledge about one of the factors that determine efficacy of rehabilitation is the commencement of treatment, as well as on the time interval from stroke to initiate voluntary movement. Therefore, many studies had reported that the effectiveness of functional electrical stimulation (FES) and transcutaneous electrical nerves stimulation (TENS), which induce stimulation and the excitability, were widely applied in rehabilitation for patients with stroke. However, many investigations about the effects of FES or TENS on motor recovery for the stroke patients mainly focus on the chronic stage as well as compared each of two different kinds of stimulation separately. Hence the investigators will study the impacts of TENS and FES on the motor recovery for the stroke patients from the acute stage. Bedsides, the investigators also study that whether patients after stroke in the acute stage who received adding TENS experienced similar impacts on motor recovery to those who received adding FES.

This was a single-blind randomized control trial study. The study recruited 40 subjects from stroke center of National Taiwan Hospital (NTUH) within 3 days after first stroke onset. All subjects were in stable medically control and assigned randomly to 1 of 3 groups including (1)Functional electrical stimulation (FES) + standard rehabilitation (SR) ,(2) Transcutaneous electrical nerves stimulation (TENS) + SR or (3)SR only (control group).The application of FES and TENS was used for 30 minutes per day, 5 days per week for 2 weeks. The surface electrodes of two dual channels were applied on tibialis anterior and quadriceps for FES and TENS group. All groups received SR including neuro-facilitation and functional task training etc.

Outcome measurements were analyzed with repeated measure analysis of variance using SPSS to compare the main effects before, during, and after treatment, followed by post-hoc tests with Bonferroni correction to compare treatment effects among the 3 groups. For categorical variables, a X2 test was used. The significance level was set at 5% (2-tailed). ;

Study Design

Related Conditions & MeSH terms

NCT number NCT03304340
Study type Interventional
Source National Taiwan University Hospital
Status Completed
Phase N/A
Start date March 25, 2015
Completion date December 31, 2015