View clinical trials related to Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome.Filter by:
Multicenter, randomized, open label pilot clinical trial with two parallel arms aimed to compare the efficacy of Raltegravir (RAL) 1200mg QD vs Darunavir/Cobicistat (DRV-cb) 800-150mg QD both in combination with alafenamide/emtricitabine (TAF/FTC) in patients with Human Inmunodefficiency Virus (HIV) infection and CD4<200 cells/microL
The purpose of this study is to look at the best ways to prevent chronic diseases like diabetes, high blood pressure, and obesity in midlife and older Latino adults living with HIV. The investigators expect that the participant will be in this study for seven months. Participants will be interviewed and asked to take part in walking groups.
Through a multi-center large-sample non-randomized controlled study, the effect of voriconazole, amphotericin B sequential itraconazole therapy on Talaromyces in Human Immunodeficiency Virus（HIV）negative hosts were compared to clarify whether the two therapies were equivalent; A comprehensive efficacy evaluation system and standard treatment program was established to provide a basis for standardized treatment of Talaromyces in Human Immunodeficiency Virus negative hosts.The observational indicators included: 2-week all-cause mortality; 24-week all-cause mortality; clinical improvement time; level of decrease of fungus in the blood culture medium two weeks before treatment; recurrence; appearance of adverse drug reaction at the level 3 and above. Dynamically monitor the immune cells and factors like anti-Interferon-γ autoantibodies, Interferon-γ, Th1/Th2, and Th17/Treg in the HIV-negative Talaromyces host microenvironment, and observe the host's immune status and its change. 3. study the effect of absence of Interferon-γ and Interferon-γ Receptor (IFN-γR）on the activation and function of anti-Interferon-γ autoantibodies, Th1/Th2, and Th17/Treg by establishing a Talaromyces mouse model that knocks out the Interferon-γ and IFN-γR gene and a IFN-γ silenced cell model; Study the effect of anti-IFN-γ autoantibody on the activation and function of IFN-γ、Th1/Th2、Th17/Treg by increasing its titer in vitro and vivo; determine by which path the anti-IFN-γ autoantibody of HIV-negative host influences its immune regulation mechanism; finally, the intervention effect of IFN-γ on high titer anti-IFN-γ autoantibodies is studied, providing a new idea for immunotargeted therapy.
Cardiac steatosis is increased among individuals with HIV, and may predispose to cardiac mechanical dysfunction and subsequent heart failure. The pathogenesis and treatment of cardiac steatosis is not well understood. The investigators have previously shown that perturbed growth hormone (GH) secretion in HIV contributes to ectopic fat accumulation in the viscera and the liver. Moreover, the investigators have found that augmentation of endogenous GH secretion with the FDA-approved medication tesamorelin reduces visceral and hepatic fat. In this longitudinal observational study, the investigators will examine patients with HIV and abdominal fat accumulation who either plan or do not plan to initiate tesamorelin prescribed clinically. The investigators hypothesize that blunted GH secretion in HIV is associated with cardiac steatosis. The investigators also hypothesize that use of tesamorelin for 6 months is associated with a reduction in intramyocardial fat and preserved cardiac function.
The most commonly used illicit stimulant in HIV-infected individuals is methamphetamine (MA). Prior studies demonstrate strong evidence that MA promotes increased HIV transcription as well as immune dysregulation. A challenge in achieving worldwide HIV eradication is targeting specific marginalized populations who are most likely to benefit from an HIV cure but possess poorer immune responses. For this study, HIV+ infected ART-suppressed individuals with no prior history of MA use disorder will be administered oral methamphetamine (the maximum FDA approved daily dose for the treatment of childhood obesity) to determine the effects of short-term MA exposure on residual virus production, gene expression, and inflammation. Measures of MA exposure in urine and serum will then be associated with residual virus production, gene expression, cell surface immune marker protein expression, and systemic markers of inflammation. The clinical trial data will generate advanced gene expression and immunologic data to identify potential novel targets for reversing HIV latency, reducing inflammation, and personalizing future therapies in HIV+ individuals who use MA.
This study evaluates the use of a social-network approach to encourage African-American men who have sex with men (AAMSM) to adopt pre-exposure prophylaxis (PrEP) to prevent HIV infection. Thirty-six networks of AAMSM will be recruited in Milwaukee, WI, and Cleveland, OH. Half of these networks will have their leaders trained to endorse PrEP to their social network members, and the other half will be given brief HIV prevention counseling.
The purpose of this study is to collect quantitative data related to developing and testing a couple-based intervention (CBI) for HIV-positive women's medication adherence in the region of Kwazulu-Natal, South Africa. The CBI, called START (Supporting Treatment for Anti-Retroviral Therapy) Together, will be a manualized intervention focused on women's ART adherence and enhancing the couple's communication and problem-solving behavior. The preliminary efficacy of the CBI on HIV-positive women's ART adherence, men's HIV testing, and HIV-positive men's linkage to care will be compared to a control condition of referrals to usual HIV care.
Efavirenz (EFV)-based antiretroviral therapy (ART) remains the preferred regimen in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-infected children aged 3 years or older on rifampin-containing antituberculosis (anti-TB) therapy. This is because drug interactions between first-line anti-TB therapy with protease inhibitors (PIs) are more severe to adjust for, and interactions with integrase strand transfer inhibitors (INSTIs) are not well studied in that age group. Although, current weight-based EFV dosing recommendation is not optimal in some children, pharmacokinetic-treatment response (PK-PD) data to guide optimal dosing of EFV during concurrent rifampin-containing therapy in children is very limited. The study team propose that EFV concentrations outside the optimal therapeutic range in children will be associated with virologic failure due to lack of efficacy because of low concentrations or increased central nervous system (CNS) toxicities from high concentrations leading to poor medication adherence. The study will determine virological suppression rates in HIV-infected children with and without TB coinfection treated with standard efavirenz-based therapy and examine the factors contributing to poor virologic response.
Tenofovir (TFV) disoproxil fumarate (TDF) plus emtricitabine (FTC) or lamivudine (3TC) is the preferred nucleoside backbone of first-line antiretroviral therapy (ART) for adolescents in sub-Saharan Africa. In addition, TDF/FTC is recommended for preexposure prophylaxis (PrEP) for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection in adolescents at substantial risk of acquisition of HIV infection, as well as for hepatitis B virus (HBV) treatment in those with HBV/HIV coinfection. The efficacy TDF and FTC are dependent on intracellular concentrations of the active phosphate anabolites, called TFV diphosphate (TFV-DP) and FTC triphosphate (FTC-TP). However, the intracellular pharmacokinetics of TFV-DP and FTC-TP to examine the adequacy of current dosages in African adolescents has not been previously studied. Thus, examining the pharmacokinetics (PK) of these widely used antiretrovirals in African adolescents is important as ART outcomes remain poor and the recommended dosages of these drugs for children and adolescent were extrapolated from drug approval clinical trials in adult in the United States and Europe.
Lack of quality-assured pediatric formulations of the first-line antituberculosis (anti-TB) drugs is barrier to optimized tuberculosis (TB) treatment outcome in children. In 2010 and subsequently modified in 2014, the World Health Organization (WHO) recommended increased dosages of the first-line anti-TB drugs for children, but there were no child-friendly fixed-dose combination (FDC) formulations based on the guidelines. A large proportion of children treated with the new guidelines using old formulations did not achieve the desired rifampin peak concentration (Cmax) > 8 mg/L and pyrazinamide Cmax > 35 mg/L. The TB Alliance and the WHO led the development of a new child-appropriate isoniazid/rifampin/pyrazinamide (HRZ) and isoniazid/rifampin (HR) FDC formulation in line with current WHO recommended dosing guidelines. The new formulations dissolve quickly in liquid, have palatable fruit flavors, and are expected to improved daily adherence but no studies have evaluated the pharmacokinetics (PK) of the FDC formulation in children. The study team hypothesize that the new dispersible HRZ FDC tablet, dosed according to current WHO weight-band dosing recommendations will result in better PK parameters for each drug component than that achieved by the old formulation.