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Achalasia cardia is a primary oesophageal motility disorder of unknown etiology characterized manometrically by oesophageal aperistalsis and insufficient relaxation of the lower oesophageal sphincter (LES) in response to deglutition. Causative mechanism is unknown but may be related to genetic predisposition or autoimmunity. Because of the unknown aetiology of achalasia, a curative treatment is not available. Palliative treatment options are aimed to reduce the gradient across the LES, alleviating the primary symptoms of dysphagia and regurgitation, improving esophageal emptying, and preventing the development of megaesophagus.
Back ground: Achalasia Cardia (AC) manifests with major symptom dysphagia. Surgery as the treatment modality relieves dysphagia in most of the patients. Laparoscopic Heller's myotomy(LHM) is the surgery of choice but is associated with gastroesophageal reflux. Anterior fundoplication (Dor Fundoplication) is usually combined with LHM in patients with AC. It reduces gastroesophageal reflux following LHM. It has been observed that along with reduction of gastroesophageal reflux Dor Fundoplication also affects relief of dysphagia. But it has not been prospectively studied. Hypothesis:The hypothesis of present study is that "Frequency of dysphagia following Laparoscopic Heller's myotomy with Dor fundoplication is more than that compared to Laparoscopic Heller's myotomy alone in patients with Achalasia Cardia". Methods: From December2017 to November 2018 minimum of 20 patients with diagnosis of Achalasia cardia will be randomized to receive either Laparoscopic Heller's myotomy (LHM) alone or LHM with Dor fundoplication. Symptomatic outcomes would be assessed using frequency of dysphagia and Eckardt's score. . Outcomes: Primary outcome is Frequency of dysphagia and secondary outcome is manometry pressure assessment. Statistical analysis would be done using Statistical Package for the Social Sciences (SPSS) soft ware. P value < 0.05 is considered significant.
Aim of this study is to compare the outcomes of a short esophageal myotomy extending from 3 cm cephalad to the EGJ, to 3 cm distal to it with a long esophageal myotomy with an additional proximal extension (at least 6 cm cephalad to the EGJ, to 3 cm distal) for POEM procedures. Principle of POEM is to reduce pressure gradient across LES by Myotomy. Hypothesis is that performing short myotomy will result in similar efficacy in achalasia cardia while reducing the total time taken for the procedure and ultimately will result in less complications.
The aim of this study is to compare efficacy of POEM and pneumatic dilatation in treatment of achalasia cardia.