View clinical trials related to Acetabular Fractures.Filter by:
Spinal growth dystrophy (CRD), also called Scheuermann's disease, corresponding to impaired vertebral structure occurring in children and adolescents with involvement of the growth cartilage causing impaired growth and kyphosis. There are forms thoracolumbar and thoracic conventional forms of DRC with variable clinical expressions; the most important being kyphosis with spinal stiffness associated with painful elements. The radiographic definition according Sorenson is uniformisation 5 ° affecting at least three adjacent vertebrae. Scheuermann's disease and three problems. First, the thoracic kyphosis generates back pain which may be thoracic or lumbar indirectly attributed to compensatory lordosis. Moreover disruption sagittal balance frequently causes a significant aesthetic discomfort. Finally, scalability because the curvature may increase the likelihood of degenerative lesions disc degeneration or lumbar spinal stenosis for example. When the disease is diagnosed early, treatment is most often associated with orthopedic physiotherapy. However, for patients with active deformation, despite an orthopedic brace treatment with chronic pain, neurological deficit or for aesthetic reasons, surgical decision can be taken. The goal of surgical treatment of DRC is a correction of the thoracic kyphosis. It goes through a spinal fusion must be released from his column stiffness in a bad position, changing the equilibrium profile and ensure that it remains in a good position. This surgery usually requires a prior operative time (thoracic surgery to remove the intervertebral discs) and a posterior surgical time (blockage of the vertebrae together with a bone graft and osteosynthesis). Currently different surgical strategies are practiced there is no real consensus between the teams.
The purpose of this study is to determine if patients undergoing acetabular ORIF (open reduction with internal fixation) who receive tranexamic acid have a reduced risk of allogenic blood transfusion, perioperative blood loss, wound complication and higher risk for thromboembolic events compared to patients who receive placebo. Investigators want to determine the cost-effectiveness related to allogenic blood transfusion as a blood loss management strategy in acetabular open reduction internal fixation (ORIF). Orthopaedic surgery carries with it a significant risk for blood loss. Current management of perioperative blood loss is the use of allogenic blood transfusion. Allogenic blood transfusion carries with it a risk for HIV and Hepatitis C as well as multiple adverse reactions. There have been significant efforts to reduce the use of allogenic blood transfusion in orthopaedic surgery. Tranexamic acid, an anti-fibrinolytic agent, has been used in management of blood during surgery. In order to determine the impact of tranexamic acid in reducing blood loss among patients undergoing acetabular ORIF, investigators will conduct a prospective randomized study. Patients undergoing acetabular surgery will be screened for this study. Patients will be then randomized to placebo or tranexamic acid which will be administered during and after surgery. The following data will be collected: patient characteristics, surgery information, blood loss, blood transfusions, wound complication within 30 days of surgery, and cost.
The aim of this cohort study is to precisely measure patients' exposure to gonadal radiation during orthopaedic trauma surgery involving the acetabulum, pelvis, hip, and femur, and to apply these findings to a previously described and validated formula to determine the increased risk of future adverse health effects to the reproductive organs. The investigators null hypothesis is standard of care use of x-ray fluoroscopy during treatment of pelvis, hip, and femur fractures will not expose patients to a significant gonadal radiation load. Analysis of patients' intraoperative radiation doses by means of a previously validated formula will not display a significantly increased risk of adverse health events in the reproductive organs.
The purpose of this research is to study a specific acetabular (hip socket) fracture pattern and how its treatment affects the functional, clinical, and x-ray outcomes. There are no experimental procedures involved.
The purpose of this research is to study the efficacy and cost effectiveness of the VAC device in comparison to traditional gauze wound dressing in pelvic, acetabular and hip fractures, specifically to see if there is a reduction in the incidence of post operative surgical wound drainage, infections, and hospital stay.