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Effect of Melatonin on Body Composition, Glucose Metabolism and Lipid Metabolism.
Obesity is often accompanied by insulin resistance and/or hyperinsulinemia. Acanthosis nigricans (AN) is a skin condition commonly present on the neck of obese children. Metformin is a useful drug for conditions characterized by insulin resistance.The aim of this study is to compare the efficacy of metformin versus placebo on AN lesions of the neck as well as their effects on metabolic and anthropometric variables in a sample of obese children. This is a 12-week randomized, double-blind randomized trial involving obese children with AN to receive either metformin or placebo. Evaluations will be performed every three weeks. Clinical, histological and colorimetric assessments of AN lesions will be compared initially and at the conclusion of the study.
Acanthosis Nigricans is skin disease that associated with hyperinsulinemia. Clinical is velvety hyperpigmented plaques on neck, axilla, groin. If hyperinsulinemia is improved by treated with oral metformin and/ or diet control, acanthosis nigricans would be improved as well. Hyperpigmented plaques will be changed. We assess objective measurement by using spectroscopic and colorimetric analysis.
OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate insulin resistance in thin and obese hyperandrogenic women with polycystic ovarian disease or hyperandrogenism insulin resistance acanthosis nigricans syndrome and in thin and obese controls, using an estimation of tissue sensitivity to insulin. II. Evaluate the effect of androgen suppression with leuprolide acetate and spironolactone on insulin secretion and resistance.
The prevalence of obesity in children is reaching epidemic proportions. Excess adiposity is more than just a cosmetic problem, having substantial metabolic consequences. Insulin resistance, hyperinsulinemia, impaired glucose tolerance, and frank diabetes are often seen in obese children. In this study the prevalence of impaired glucose (carbohydrate) tolerance in lean children with a family history of diabetes and obese children with acanthosis nigricans with or without a family history of diabetes mellitus will be studied.