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Undifferentiated connective tissue diseases (UCTD) are known to increase the risk of pregnancy morbidities, including recurrent pregnancy loss. However, there is no consensus or guideline about the treatment for recurrent pregnancy loss in UCTD patients. Therefore, based on the tendency to thrombosis formation and placental inflammation in the pathogenesis of UCTD, this trial proposes to evaluate the effect of hydroxychloroquine with or without prednisone combined with anticoagulation on pregnancy outcomes in recurrent pregnancy loss patients with UCTD.
Oral infections can trigger the production of pro-inflammatory mediators that may be risk factors for miscarriage. The investigators investigated whether oral health care patterns that may promote or alleviate oral inflammation were associated with the history of miscarriage in Turkish women.
Two groups of unexplained recurrent spontaneous abortion, each included 65 participants. scheduled randomly into; the study group received Sildenafil Citrate and Placebo group. The intervention started from day 21-23 of the cycle preceding spontaneous pregnancy and continued till the 12th-week of gestation. The primary outcome measure was the difference in the live birth between both groups. Secondary outcome measures were the differences between both groups regard pulsatility index (PI) and resistance index (RI), a number of take-home babies, the reported side-effects of treatment and the pregnancy-related complications.
The purpose of this study is to determine if patients with recurrent pregnancy loss or unexplained infertility have an altered uterine gene expression or uterine microbiome (micro-organism composition) during the window of embryo implantation. Furthermore we would like to assess for women with an abnormal uterine gene expression whether vaginal progesterone medication improves or alters gene expression and for women with an abnormal microbiome whether antibiotic treatment followed by probiotic treatment normalizes the microbiome.
82 cases of recurrent miscarriage women with a diagnosis of arcuate uterus, confirmed by three-dimensional intra-vaginal sonography (3D-TVS) and hysteroscopy, will be recruited. The subjects will be randomly divided into two groups, the experimental group will be given hysteroscopic treatment, the control group will receive no treatment. The pregnancy rates (>12 weeks) of the two groups will befollowed and compared.
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) is a clinical problem affecting 1-5% of couples of reproductive age. The contribution of thrombophilia to RPL is disputed. This controversy is partly due to low sensitivity of the genetic variants currently used to evaluate hereditary thrombophilia: the Leiden mutation (identified as rs6025) in the coagulation factor 5 (F5L) gene and mutation G20210A (identified as rs1799963) in the prothrombin (PT) gene. Our objective was to determine whether a wider algorithm that includes clinic and genetic variants associated with thrombophilia could be more useful in the prediction for RPL than FVL and PT alone.
Recurrent pregnancy loss (RPL) defined as 3 or more pregnancy losses affects approximately 3% of couples trying to achieve parenthood. Most cases of RPL are unexplained and have no effective treatment to improve the chance of a live birth. Exciting indications for using Hydroxychloroquine (HCQ) include: Malaria profylaxis and treatment, systemic and discoid lupus erythematosus (SLE) and rheumatoid athritis (RA). HCQ has been reported to have the following properties (anti-thrombotic, vascular-protective, immunomodulatory, improving glucose tolerance, lipid-lowering, and anti-infectious). There is no data concerning the benefit of HCQ in RPL. Administration for other indications provides extensive safety data during pregnancy. This study has the potential to establish support for a new treatment option for unexplained RPL.
50%-60% of the known causes of recurrent pregnancy loss(RPL) are associated with embryonic aneuploidy, such that preimplantation genetic screening (PGS) on embryos acquired by assisted reproductive treatment should improve the rate of pregnancy and live birth in those patients. In dispute though the clinical application of PGS has been, a series of studies show that the new generation of PGS(PGS 2.0), based on blastocyst biopsy followed by whole genome analysis, has significantly improved the clinical outcome of IVF treatment. At present, there is still a need for the evidence of the use of PGS 2.0 in RPL patients, who may benefit from this emerging technology considering the prevalence of genetic abnormalities and the number of transferable embryos in this population. An earlier single center RCT conducted by our IVF center displayed higher implantation rate, clinical pregnancy rate and ongoing pregnancy rate calculated by per embryo transfer(ET) cycle in IVF/ICSI+PGS group compared with IVF/ICSI group. This multi-center prospective randomized clinical trial is to provide more data to determine whether the clinical outcomes are significantly improved per treatment cycle such that provide evidence for the application of PGS in RPL patients. Besides, risk factors of PGS outcome are to be analyzed from multi-center data to build a model for prediction of the possible outcomes of PGS and direction of the clinical choice.
evaluation of the role of ultrasonographic parameters (mean gestational sac diameter, yolk sac diameter, crown rump length, embryonic heart rate and uterine artery Doppler) in predicting early pregnancy failure in patients with recurrent pregnancy loss
Miscarriage occurs in about 1-2% of human pregnancies and is one of the common pregnancy problems before 12 weeks of pregnancy. Anatomical and chromosomal abnormalities, microbial factors and auto and alloimmune reactions have been speculated to attribute in recurrent miscarriage. Unexplained recurrent miscarriage (URM) is defined as three or more repeated abortions, probably caused by maternal immunological rejection . Given that maternal immune system encounters semi-allogeneic fetus, pregnancy outcome is associated with the interaction between maternal immune system and immuno-regulatory capability of the fetus. Effectiveness of treatment approaches in RM patients has been controversial and remained to be discovered. Immunomodulatory agents such as corticosteroids and allogeneic lymphocyte immunization showed variable success rates in RM patients. Therapeutic effects of IVIG in unexplained RM is controversial and most positive results were obtained from the trials in RM women with cellular immune abnormalities, such as increased NK cell level and/or cytotoxicity, and T cell abnormalities. Previous studies have shown that the incidence of genetic abnormalities in children who have received immunosuppressive drugs such as IVIg like normal people and normal society. In this study we used IVIg at the time of positive pregnancy,400 mg/kg IVIG was administered intravenously. Following the first administration, IVIG well given every 4 weeks through 32 weeks of gestation to suppress the immune system in patients with immunological causes of RPL and the results will be compared with a control group that did not receive any type of drug.