View clinical trials related to Abnormal Vascular Flow.Filter by:
Racemic ketamine and S-ketamine are used in clinical practice today. Little is known of their difference in effect on cerebral blood flow, volume and metabolism. cerebral blood flow (CBF) measuring techniques are limited in time so constant measurement to mirror a dynamic process is impossible or very difficult. A novel MRI application, arterial spin labeling, offers the possibility that without radiation or contrast, to measure semi-continuous CBF with measurements every 60-120 seconds. The investigators will give 14 healthy volunteers both study drugs in a randomised sequence with one week apart and measure regional CBF during the study period of 45 minutes after a sub-anaesthetic bolus dose of 0,6 mg/kg racemic ketamine and 0,3 mg/kg S-ketamine The investigators hypothesize that there is no difference between racemic ketamine and S(+)-ketamine with regards to Arterial Spin Labeling (ASL) measured cerebral blood flow.
The purpose of this research is to evaluate and validate the performance of non-invasive imaging modalities for assessment of skin. A pressure cuff occlusion will be used to stimulate blood flow dynamic that these instruments are designed to sense. The researcher currently plan to assess only basic feasibility of the imaging instruments.
Premature babies are at risk for bleeding in their brains, which can result in developmental delays or other neurological problems such as cerebral palsy. Clamping the baby's umbilical cord immediately after birth is standard, but delaying this procedure allows more of the baby's blood to move from the placenta into the baby and prevents head bleeds. However, a delay in clamping the umbilical cord is not usually done in very premature babies, because it would delay their treatment and they could get cold. Milking the umbilical cord is another way to give premature babies more of their own blood while avoiding a delay in treatment. Umbilical cord milking has been shown to improve blood pressure, decrease the need for blood transfusions, and increase the amount of urine made in the first few days of life.